F.U.D.O.S.I.

(1936 – 1951)

By Milko Bogaard

Published with the kind permission of the author Milko Bogaard, who prepared this excellent study #32; with the collaboration of Marcel Roggeremans. Originally published under the Dutch website Geschiedenis van de occulte en mystieke broederschappen

VERSION 1.2. Milko Bogaard, November 2000

Table of Contents

Introduction the aims and purposes of the Federation

Chapter 1The preceding years

Chapter 2 T.A.W.U.C.-Reuss and Lewis

Chapter 3 A.M.O.R.C.- the years of recognition, Traenker and Lewis/the Second Fama

Chapter 4 The Dawn of a new morning, FUDOSI,the preparation- Emile Dantinne

Chapter 5 Brussels 1934, the First Convention

Chapter 6Constant Chevillon versus FUDOSI

Chapter 7The F.U.D.O.F.S.I. -Clymer, Chevillon &Krumm-Heller...

Chapter 8FUDOFSI -biographies

Chapter 9The F.U.D.O.S.I. - the 2nd,3rd,and 4th Convention, The Second World-War 1939-1945

Chapter 10The Final Years, the 5th. Convention,Sar Hieronymus'Opening Address

Chapter 11The questionable succession of Augustin Chaboseau

Chapter 12The validity of R.M.Lewis as Grand Master of the TMO ,the 6th and 7th Convention

Chapter 13The Final Convention - August 14, 1951

Chapter 14The post F.U.D.O.S.I.-era

Sources

Addenda

1

1934 / 1951 F .U .D .O .S .I .

' F O R M E R L Y T H E S U N , K N E W N O T H I S

P L A C E . T H E M O O N W A S I G N O R A N T O F I T S

P O W E R S , A N D T H E S T A R S K N E W N O T

T H E I R S T A T I O N S . '

The Ancient and Primitive Rite of Memphis in 95'

34' Knight of Scandinavia

FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE INITIATIONIS

_________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION :

This Forum presents a survey on the history of an international Federation of "Initiatory Orders", called 'F.U.D.O.S.I.' The F.U.D.O.S.I. represented an Universal Federation of traditional Rosicrucian -and Martinist Orders, which mainly consisted of initiatory Orders and Societies originated from the esoteric community build around people like Papus, Josephin Peladan, Stanislas de Guaita, Oswald Wirth etc. at the end of the 19th. century in France. The Forum discusses its establishment, the separate Orders and the 'key-figures' involved, its aims and purposes, the conflicts and problems within the federation, the opponents within the international esoteric community, and finally .... the demise of the federation. The dream of a "Great White Lodge' represented in the material world through a Brotherhood led by initiates.' Omnia ab Uno ' ("All things out of/ originate in One") , as it is written in 'The Book of Nature'. History knows several attempts to establish such a Brotherhood. Mostly without success. Some efforts appeared to be succesful, but were only short-lived. The F.u.d.o.s.i. was founded in 1934, and was dissolved in 1951. Nevertheless we can call the F.U.D.O.S.I. "succesful" . The federation actually "functioned" for nearly two decades .... the "Universal Federation of Initiatic Orders and Societies", or in french : F-ederation U-niverselle D-es O-rdres E-t S-ocietes I-niciatiques, F.U.D.O.S.I.

________________________________________

THE AIMS AND PURPOSES :

The F.U.D.O.S.I. was formed in 1934 "to protect the sacred liturgies, rites and doctrines of the traditional initiatory Orders from being appropriated and profaned by clandestine organizations"(FUDOSI journal , nov.1946). The FUDOSI was not an Order, but an Universal Federation of esoteric and autonomous Orders and Societies.

"Some persons, whose minds have not as yet received sufficient light, have been wondering why it was necessary to gather in a Universal Federation. The Initiatique Orders and Societies, which, in their own field of work, enjoy the most absolute and complete freedom and perfect autonomy and independence. To this query we may reply that , more than in anything else, it is the initiatique work that the greatest vigilance is indispensable and that a strict and active international discipline must be exercised.

We must aknowledge and regret, that there exist many false prophets and a number of so-called initiates who use, for selfish and tyrannical purposes of domination, the pretext of initiation to thrust themselves on, and exploit, gullible and sincere persons. It was high time to warn the public against these false leaders and against noxious doctrines which they taught to trusting souls.

In each country, each authentic and regular Order knows its imitators and such false prophets. It was necessary to watch these clandestine movements, to expose these impostors or instruments of hidden and unavowed forces, in all countries, wherever they be operating, and thus avoid any confusion between the regular and authentic Orders and false Organizations that are harmful or that give teachings that have nothing to do with the Universal Tradition and Esoterism.

And also it was necessary that the authentic Orders be careful in selecting their members and their officers and in maintaining their adepts and students on the right path of the true doctrines, obliging them to follow a strict line of discipline, rational, sincere and conscientious work, so as to avoid radical teachings and heterodoxy. This immense work which was intended to protect the Orders against their inner and outer enemies has been succesfully carried on by the F.U.D.O.S.I. and is now going on." (F.U.D.O.S.I., the." 1946 San Jose, AMORC)

As we can see from this "official statement", as mentioned above, the purpose of the F.U.D.O.S.I. was to unite the "authentic Orders" under the umbrella of a Universal Federation. The Orders and Societies involved kept their autonomy and indepence within the federation.

" T H E #32; #32; P R E C E D I N G #32; #32; Y E A R S " :

We know from history that there were earlier attempts to form a "World-Federation of Esoteric Orders and Societies". The famous french (co-) founder of the Martinist Order, Papus

( Gérard Anaclet Vincent Encausse ), organized a convention in Paris in 1908, with the intention to form an Universal Federation, however, the outcome was ineffectual.

Even before 1908 there were already two conventions held at the end of the 19th. century, one in 1888 and the other in 1889. The pioneers of these conventions were Belgian. On March 28/29, 1888 there was a convention held with Gustave Jottrand and Goblet d'Alviella (1846- 1925) as chairmen. It was a Masonic convention about "The Esoteric Meaning of the 18th. degree - Sovereign Prince of the Rose+Croix- from the Scottish Rite of Masonry.

d' Alviella altered/ rectified some chapters of the ritual of the 18th. Degree. But this was still a strictly Masonic Convention.

Another convention was held from 9 to 16 september, 1889, in Paris. The convention- or in this case, the Congress was titled "CONGRES SPIRITE et SPIRITUALISTE INTERNATIONAL". Delegates from all over the world visited this congress. Some members of the Congress : Gerard Encausse (Papus), Stanislas de Guaita, George Montieres, Leon Denis, Gabriel Delanne, the Duchess de Pomar etc. Some of the participating Orders and Societies : The MARTINIST Order, The HERMETIC BROTHERHOOD of LUXOR, L'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE de la ROSE+CROIX and The THEOSOPHIC Society. On this congress Papus started with his plans for the ACTUAL realization of ' L' ORDRE MARTINISTE ', as we know the Order today.

The next step was the convention of 1908/6/9, held in Paris at the temple of the " Droit Humain" lodge. The biggest and most important ever held. The convention arose under the authority of Papus and VICTOR BLANCHARD ( who'll play an important part within the FUDOSI ). No less then 20 Orders and Societies attended the convention. The President was Papus, Secretary: Victor Blanchard, assistant Secretary: Paul Veux, and Treasurer:Chacornac. Some members of the organisation : Charles Blanchard, Henri Durville, Rene Guenon, Teder (Charles Detre) etc. Amongst the visitors were people like Arnold Krumm-Heller, who would later on have a big influence on the "rosicrucian" climate of South-America with his "FRATERNITAS ROSICRUCIANA ANTIQUA" ; and Theodor Reuss, who would become the O.H.O (spiritual leader) of the "ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS". "On this congress Reuss, Papus, Blanchard and Teder eagerly exchanged titles, offices and "maybe consecrations" ( P.R. Koenig : :"Consider the O.T.O. non existent" http://http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/consider.htmm.)

The participating Orders: L'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE de la ROSE+CROIX, the GRAND EAST of Germany, the Sons of ISMAEL ( Arabic Masonry), Le DROIT HUMAN, the GRAND LODGE of Spain, the SYMBOLIC GRAND LODGE of Spain, the GRAND LODGE of Portugal, the ANCIENT & PRIMITIVE RITE of Great Britain and Ireland, the SWEDENBORG RITE from Great Britain, La GRANDE LOGE du CAP-VERT, the BLUE RITE from Argentina, the GRAND LODGE of Ohio, the GRAND LODGE of SAINT-JOHN from Massachusetts, the German and French SWEDENBORG RITE, the ILLUMINATI from Germany, the HIGH COUNCIL of Mexico, the RITE of MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM & The EGYPTIAN RITE from Italy, the ESOTERIC ROSICRUCIAN Order and The MARTINIST Order.

Most of the participating Orders and Societies were Masonic organisations. The Esoteric Congress did not really succeed in it's intention, the creation of an "International Esoteric Federation". Although some of the Orders ('L'Ordre Martiniste',' L'Ordre Kabbalistique de la Rose+Croix, and the 'Rite of Memphis-Mizraim) united and established a secretariat in the city of Paris, the organization never really developed, due to the first World War of 1914. Papus died in 1916 ( tuberculosis, contracted in 'the trenches'), and with him 'his dream'.

One cannot really compare the intention of the F.U.D.O.S.I. with the conventions mentioned above. The F.U.D.O.S.I. represented the more traditional esoteric Orders with the exception of the Rite of MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM ( who, additionally, were excluded in 1935). Within the F.U.D.O.S.I. the accent was on the traditional Rosicrucian -and Martinist Orders and Organizations. However, there's one similarity. On all these conventions, from 1888 on, the 'pioneers' were again and again members of ' L'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE de la ROSE+CROIX ' ( OKRC ) and/ or ' L'ORDRE MARTINISTE'. Meanwhile ...in 1920' s postwar Germany, the dream of an Universal Federation lived on among the "Initiates" of the esoteric community…

2

Nothung, Nothung, envious sword - what is the sword Nothung, but that unbreakable legacy which Siegfried, as the only son of the father, re-tempers in the fire of youth. What else, but the symbol of the primal-sword (primal-Phallus!) The primal-father has stuck this primal-sword into the trunk of the primal-tree, and whoever pulls out this sword wins a woman with it - as bride and sister!

Theodor Reuss ' PARSIVAL and the GRAAL Unveiled ' 1914

(P.R.Koenig: http://www.freespeech.org/magick/koenig/parsifal.txt )

" R E U S S a n d L E W I S " :

"Remembering the esoteric congress of Paris in 1908, Reuss convened a world congress of Freemasonry in Zuerich in 1920." Reuss was sent by the Patriarch of the EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE, Joanny Bricaud (33', 90', 96') *, to make Reuss' and Aleister Crowley's Gnostic Mass the "official religion for all members of the 18' Scottish Rite".

"IN MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM THE 18' HAS NO CHRISTIAN REFERENCES BUT MYSTICAL-GNOSTICAL ONES ... ONLY THE 7', 8', AND 9' KNOW ABOUT ITS PROPER MEANING"

There was also being distributed literature publicising the "S e t u p o f t h e N e o - C h r i s t i a n s c a l l e d O.T.O" which presented an utopian O.T.O. society. "The mood of the congress went against the O.T.O.", the minutes for example do not even mention the Gnostic Religion".(P.R.Koenig; :"Consider the O.T.O. non existent" http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/consider.htm.)

Meanwhile, H. Spencer Lewis of A.M.O.R.C. was in contact with a Freemason from Salt Lake City (Utah) , called McBlain Thomson, who was one of the organizers (together with Reuss) of the Zuerich Congress of July, 1920. Thomson represented "THE AMERICAN MASONIC FEDERATION"', "THE GRAND LODGE of WASHINGTON", and the "GRAND LODGE of CUBA". On July 1919 Thomson had already received from Reuss an O.T.O.certificate of "33", 96' , IX', Souv. Grand Master General .... Salt Lake City, Utah".

Harvey Spencer Lewis was intrigued by the informations communicated to him about all this*. In order to lend (R+C-) credibility to the AMORC -organisation, Lewis was in search of traditional Rosicrucian Orders. " He wanted to contact Theodor Reuss to know more about it. Though he did not appreciate much of McBlain Thomson, he had to resolve himself to write to him so as to be able to contact Theodor Reuss*." Reuss waited for six months before answering the letter. (Lewis used Thomson's name as a reference. Reuss had just broken the connection between himself and Thomson due to the "Zuerich disaster", one can imagine that the name "Thomson" was no longer a "reference" to Reuss !). Anyway, from Reuss' first letter he presents the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS as "the exoteric front or showcase of a Rosicrucian Order". As one can imagine, Lewis showed a lot of in interest in the assertions made by Reuss. Lewis started to build up a relationship with Reuss. "With McBlain Thomson, Reuss had not made a succes with the renewing of the project started by Papus in 1908. He saw in A.M.O.R.C. an occasion to re-start this idea. Then, he sent a diploma to Lewis. This document is a 'gage of amity' ( a token of friendship ) between O.T.O. and A.M.O.R.C.

( Lewis was 'made' an 'O.T.O. VII° Grand Councillor of the Mystical Templars').

Let us add that it is a matter of Honorary Diploma, because the Imperator did not receive any ritual initiation from O.T.O and never took part in the works of this Order* " ( *a letter from A.M.O.R.C. about the O.T.O. P.R. Koenig

http://www.freespeech.org/koenig/amorc_en.htm )

Both Lewis and Reuss discussed the possibilities of creating a ' respective organization' on a world-wide basis, the establishment of an Universal Federation which they named T.A.W.U.C., The Antiquus Mysticusque Ordo Rosae Crucis World Union Council. At first Lewis reacted enthusiastic, but within a year he would lose his interest in Reuss and the plans for T.A.W.U.C. Lewis started to question the so called R+C -connections of Reuss. Then there was a money issue, the "Gnostic propaganda" and .... the position of "the Great Beast" within the O.T.O (Aleister Crowley), for more information on this issue, take a look at the Internet-adress mentioned above, "a Letter from A.M.O.R.C...... ( keep in mind that these statements are made by 'Amorc- France in a letter to Peter R. Koenig, dated 1999, 02, 22 ).

Concerning the collaboration with Aleister Crowley, Reuss expelled Crowley in 1921 : ' In October 1921, Reuss to Spencer Lewis: "I have cut off the connection that existed between us [Reuss und Crowley] regarding O.T.O., and whatever Crowley would happen to do about in the USA, it is now his own business, and not anymore a concern for the O.T.O." (Koenig :"Consider the O.T.O.non existent" http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/consider.htm.)

After Reuss had expelled Crowley from "his" O.T.O., his plans for new enterprises (like T.A.W.U.C.) became a priority. Regarding The HERMETIC BROTHERHOOD of LIGHT, The FRA, AAORRAC, The SOCIETAS ROSICRUCIANA in Germania et Austria, and TAWUC (the collaboration with AMORC) Reuss planned an "Universal Brotherhood Gathering" in Ettal, Oberammergau/ Bavaria, Germany , scheduled for June 1922.

In december 1921 he wrote the following Invitation (translated and adapted from the original german document) :

Theodor Reuss

I.N.R.I. R+C+

The Rosicrucian

Official Organ

the SOCIETAS ROSICRUCIANA in Germania et Austria

Vol.1 Munich, December 1, 1921. No.1 *** Printed and Published by: Bent Heller & Strube LTD, Halle-Saale, Barfuesserstrasse 13/14

THEODOR REUSS : Invitation

For many years the Ancient and Venerable Rosicrucians of Europe were only known to the public as "The HERMETIC BROTHERHOOD of LIGHT". One of the main principles of the Ancient Rosicrucians was to remain unknown and to operate in secrecy. Different circumstances however forced the Fraters Rosae Crucis, under the guidance of the late Frater Superior Dr. Karl Kellner, to step forward to end the confusion within the esoteric community. In various countries, all over the world, we've witnessed the birth of various Orders and Societies during the last twenty years, all calling themselves "Rosicrucian Orders". The Ancient and Respected R+C Order did not have an organized structure with Lodges and Grandlodges. Therefore, most of the neo-rosicrucian Orders are not what they claim to be. It is our duty to step out and constitute a brotherhood for all who long for a realization of a real Rosicrucian body of knowledge. A prerequisite for this would be a meeting of delegates of all the existing "Rosicrucian- Orders". We, Fratres Rosae Crucis, yours truly, successors and former colleagues of both Fr. Dr.Karl Kellner and Fr. Dr. Franz Hartmann , and founders of the "SOCIETAS ROSICRUCIANA in Germania et Austria", Invite all the organizations, which are known as Rosicrucian- Orders, or Rosicrucian Brotherhoods, to attend a "Universal-Brotherhood-Gathering" organized by the Fratres Rosae Crucis at Ettal near Oberammergau in Bavaria. The Rosicrucian Brotherhoods of North-America, Mexico, Germany and Austria already confirmed their contribution. All further information concerning the Gathering in Ettal, write to :

Herr Oberst Dr. Krumm-Heller,

Landsitz Chapultepec-Chorinchen, Mark Brandenburg.

Basel, Chorinchen, Stuttgart and Muenchen, november 1, 1921

Fra. Huiracocha. Fra. Ekkehart. Fra. Friedereich. Fra Orphe. Fra Peregrinus.

Antiquus Arcanae Ordinis Rosae Rubeae et Aureae Crucis

C O N I C I L I U M S U P R E M U M i n S a n F r a n c i s c o

"a special committee of the Rosicrucian Order of the United States have decided, to request their members to join a travelling party which will go on a 'ROSICRUCIAN PILGRIMAGE' to Ettal and Oberammergau in the month of June, 1922.

The American Rosicrucian -pilgrims will be welcomed by envoys of the German, Austrian, and Swiss Rosicrucians in a solemn meeting. Registration-adress : General-Sekretariat des Amerikanischen Pilgerfahrt-Komitees, Theresienstrasse 19/III in Muenchen."

take a look at the original "INVITATION/ EINLADUNG" : http://www.freespeech.org/koenig/reuss/ein.htm

3

AND WE SAY WITH OUR LOVING FATHER C.R.C. PHY: AURUM NISI QUANTUM : AURUM, FOR UNTO THEM THE WHOLE NATURE IS DETECTED

Fama Fraternitatis ad Rosae Crucis 1614

_____________________________________________

' AMORC - THE YEARS OF RECOGNITION ' Traenker & Lewis; The second Fama

But , as already mentioned before, Lewis had already lost interest in Reuss and his plans for the collaboration with Reuss' ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS.

" … AS TO The Pilgrimage , it did not arouse much enthusiasm among the A.M.O.R.C. members. Theodor Reuss is furious and still writes some letters to H.Spencer Lewis between november and april, to which Lewis will answer one letter, dating may 20th 1922, to state that no A.M.O.R.C. member will attend the Pilgrimage organized by Reuss. Reuss's reaction can easily be imagined, for the famous "Oberammergau Pilgrimage" is to take place in ….May… The relationship between O.T.O and A.M.O.R.C. was therefore a project without any sequel ".

( a letter from A.M.O.R.C. about the O.T.O. P.R. Koenig

http://www.freespeech.org/koenig/amorc_en.htm )

Strangely enough, in the thirties Lewis refers to Reuss as an important European relation to A.M.O.R.C. The reference can be found in a book ( LIBER D / Whitebook series ) written by Lewis , published in 1935, called "A U D I A L T E R A M

P A R T E M " ("Hear the other side").

"Audi Alteram Partem" was written "as a required defence to some heavy attacks on AMORC and its Imperator, raised by an eclectic band of self-appointed enemies ( mainly Reuben Swinburne Clymer of "FRATERNITAS ROSAE CRUCIS', the other "self proclaimed heir to the 'american Rosicrucian -throne" beside H.S. Lewis ). After a series of trials and public battles , Lewis eventually published the book in question, in order " to catch up with some of the endless accusations " stated by Clymer. Next to Reuss, Lewis states that people like Dr. Franz Hartmann, Dr.Gerard Encausse, Dr.Francois Jollivet-Castelot, and organizations like the Martinist Order, the Rite of Memphis Mizraim, Rose-Croix Esoterique, O.T.O (?) were all considered as important european relations to AMORC. What's really strange is that Lewis makes no mention of the Orders involved with the FUDOSI, which was constituted one year earlier, in 1934 !

Anyway, after the unsuccessive 'adventure' with T.A.W.U.C. Lewis is still interesting in a possible collaboration with 'the Rosicrucians' of Europe, mainly to lend credibility to his own Order, A.M.O.R.C. ( writer's opinion). In this period A.M.O.R.C. was constantly under attack, as mentioned before.Therefore Harvey Spencer Lewis and his son, Ralph M. Lewis, started to "tour"' the United States extensively in the twenties and in the thirties. These 'Rosicrucian tours' ( read: Lectures ) were done to actually attract and convince people of AMORC's credibility. They carried with them many letters, patents, charters ad nauseam etc. to support their claims of 'authenticity'. Almost all of them were fraternal goodwill letters or membership attestations etc., given out of respect for Lewis. Most of these letters and charters etc. did not convey authority of any sort ! But that's a different chapter, not being discussed on this forum ......

" T R A E N K E R a n d L E W I S " :

On the "Honorary-diploma" which Lewis received from Reuss ( O.T.O.VII* - Honorary Member for Switzerland, Germany and Austria ) in 1921, one can find next to the O.T.O. Seal the seal of "PANSOPHIA" of Heinrich Traenker. This 'Pansophic Seal' can also be found on the official documents and letters of Krumm-Heller of ' FRATERNITAS ROSICRUCIANA ANTIQUA". There are rumours that Krumm-Heller wanted to give a "charter" to H.S.Lewis. But it seems that Krumm-Heller thought that AMORC was "more of a business and therefore a fraud" - P.R.Koenig "Baphomet and Rosycross"; http:// www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/fra.htm.

"Around 1920 Heinrich Traenker (1880-1956) created the "Pansophia", mainly a publishing project that was financially supported by Karl Germer * " who became co-owner in 1922. Traenker was already the ' German Grandmaster ' of Reuss' O.T.O. ' Pansophia' published 'important rosicrucian books' as well as early writings from Crowley. After the death of Reuss in 1923, Traenker " gained insights into Reuss' files and discovered that there was no appointed successor to the office of O.H.O.*

( 'Outer Head of OTO"/ the actual Leader ). All kind of 'political intrigues' started and several Tenth Degree members would start to call themselves O.H.O. "From 1928 on, Traenker started to call himself O.H.O. of the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, of the ANCIENT and ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE, The GOLDEN DAWN, The RITE of HEREDOM, The HERMETIC BROTHERHOOD of LUXOR, The FRATERNITAS ROSAE CRUCIS, The GNOSTIC Church, and the ILLUMINATES* ".

( * Koenig; "Heinrich Traenker-Bookseller in Germany" http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/traenker.htm )

Next to the publishing company, there was the "Loge - Pansophia" . This ' Pansophic-Lodge' was closed in 1928, and out of it's ashes arose the still existing FRATERNITAS SATURNI , founded by Eugen Grosche/ Gregor A. Gregorius, secretary to Traenker of the 'Pansophic-Lodge'. The whole movement is also known as COLLEGIUM PANSOPHICUM (CP). The CP claimed to be the only Order containing "the true secrets of the August Rosicrucian Brethren" (now where did i heard that before ?).

Harvey Spencer Lewis , as mentioned before, as a 'Honorary member.., for Switzerland, Germany and Austria' contacted the 'Grandmaster' for the German O.T.O. , Heinrich Traenker. In August 1930 both Lewis and Traenker are making plans for a "PANSOPHIA INTERNATIONAL ROSICRUCIAN COUNCIL". This ' UNIVERSAL PANSOPHIC SOCIETY in co-operation with A.M.O.R.C. issues a declaration, called ' The second Fama '. : "kommet alle herbei - tretet ein ! ... 33' 90' 96' X' , transl.: "Come all ye hither-enter in", the degrees refer to various degrees from the AASR, and Memphis-Mizraim Rite of Masonry, and the O.T.O. The ' Second Fama ' reveals the manifestation of the Rosicrucian Order in modern times, and the co-operation of the involved parties. "The FAMA" revealed the ' presence ' of the REAL Rosicrucian brethren ( Guess who ..). However, the collaboration between AMORC and The PANSOPHIC Movement of Traenker turned out to be a disillusion for Lewis.

According to Karl Germer (co-owner "Pansophia-publ. dept., O.T.O. & A.A. initiate ) the "Collegium Pansophicum" was an invention of Traenker's. He used the term partly to bluff other people: he hinted darkly at a body of high Initiates in distant countries whose agent for Germany, if not Europe, he claimed to be. These initiates never revealed themselves to him. The "C.P." actually stood for Traenker and myself," so Germer wrote to Max Schneider in november 1935. (1935/11/8, although the source is unreliable.( Koenig ; Karl Germer about Heinrich Traenker http://www.dplanet.ch/users/prkoenig/viator.htm).)

Lewis suspected Traenker to be a fraud. He started to lose interest in the collaboration." In 1933 Lewis ridiculed the whole matter" . In a letter to M.Carl, dating 1934/ 02/ 16 , Lewis made the following statements concerning 'Pansophia' : "The real 'chief' of the O.T.O. and of " The ORIENTAL PANSOPHIA' was Theodor Reuss "( ?? ). And : "The term PANSOPHIA is referred to as a division of the Rosicrucian studies and work and not as a separate school or a separate organisation" (Lewis to M. Carl, letter of 16.2.34. Koenig "The O.T.O. Phenomenon" http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/book.htm )

. After the unsuccesful collaboration with AMORC Traenker established in New York the ' SOCIETAS PANSOPHIA UNIVERSALIS'. Around the time of the 'AMORC-PANSOPHIA collaboration' (1930 – 1931) Harvey Spencer Lewis contacted Jean Mallinger, loyal friend and disciple of Emile Dantinne. The correspondence between Lewis and Mallinger would eventually discharge into the establishment of the F.U.D.O.S.I. …….

4

AT THE TIME OF OSIRIS' BIRTH, A LOUD VOICE WAS HEARD ALL OVER THE WORLD,SAYING, "THE LORD OF ALL THE EARTH IS BORN."

'THE LEGEND OF OSIRIS'

' T H E D A W N O F A N E W M O R N I N G '

F.U.D.O.S.I. – the preparation

It is not entirely clear to me how Lewis knew Mallinger. Fact is, that AMORC was internationally known within the esoteric community. The Order had already several ' Grand Lodges ' established abroad. It is known that H.S. Lewis corresponded intensively with fr. Wittemans (writer of 'a New & Authentic History of the Rosicrucians' ) in the beginning of the 1920's (see Addendum 4, note 3 ), Wittemans joined the FUDOSI in 1934 and knew both Mallinger and Dantinne long before the FUDOSI was founded.

In 1931 AMORC- France also installed it's first 'Grand-Master', Dr. Hans Grueter (1878-1945), a dentist from Nice. Grueter was a Freemason (33'), a member of the Memphis-Mizraim Rite (97') and member of B'NAI B'RITH ( "Sons of the Alliance", a Jewish Order established in 1843 in New York, analogous to masonry ). Grueter used to be a member of the 'SUPREME CONSEIL de la GRANDE LOGE de FRANCE and chairman of the Chapter PHILOSOPHIE ECOSSAISSE INTERNATIONALE. Dr.Grueter probably knew Mallinger, both being a high-grade member of the M::M:: RITE. Both the M::M:: lodges they belonged to didn't recognize Jean Bricaud as the Grand Master of the M::M:: Rite. They contacted each other around the same time. Anyway, after Mallinger, in the year 1932 EMILE DANTINNE started to correspond with Harvey Spencer Lewis. The contact with Dantinne was made possible either by Mallinger or by Leon Lelarge, who was Dantinne's secretary. In 1933 Lewis received a grade of 'L'UNIVERSITE de la ROSE+CROIX' Belgium., the grade of "Doctor in Psychological and Hermetic Sciences". He also received the exalted title 'SAR'. *

It was Emile Dantinne who started to contact several Orders and societies with the idea of organizing a similar congress as the one held in 1908. The first Orders he contacted were 'La Rose+Croix Universitaire', 'L'Ordre d'Hermès Tétramégiste', ''Order of the Odd Fellows', the 'Rite of Memphis-Misraïm' ( Belgium ) and the 'Brahman Order' (1).The "Brahmann Order' and the "Order of Odd Fellows' did not respond. The first two Orders were under the authority of Dantinne. The also contacted "Memphis Mizraim Rite" was the responsibility of Dantinne's close friend Jean Mallinger. This 'first congress' was more of a 'family party' then the congress Dantinne had in mind.

In the same year (1932) Dantinne also contacted Victor Blanchard, of "L'Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique". Blanchard also attended the 1908 convention. Together with Blanchard and Lewis (through Mallinger), Dantinne started the preparations for the foundation of FUDOSI. It is clear that after Blanchard was approached, the idea became reality. Most of the sources state, beyond dispute, that Dantinne was the great inspirer of the F.U.D.O.S.I., although , there are sources which indicate that Mallinger and Lewis (and what about Armand Rombauts ?) were the 'driving forces' behind the scenes (2). Before we continue with the events happening in August, 1934, we will take a closer look at the 'esoteric career' of Emile Dantinne, otherwise known as SAR HIERONYMUS (his 'Nomen Mysticum').

'THE MYSTERIES ARE IN ESSENCE 'ONE', THE SYMBOLS WHICH VEIL THE MYSTERIES ARE EXCLUSIVE IN BEHALF OF OUR NARROW MINDS'

JOSEPHIN PELADAN, 1859-1918

Emile Dantinne was born in the city of Huy, Belgium, on the 19th of April, 1884. In his youth he turned out to be an excellent student with a talent for languages. Dantinne taught himself Italian, Portuguese, Greek, Latin, and Russian. From 1909 on he studied Hebrew and Arabic at the University of Liege (Luik), in Belgium. In 1913 Dantinne meets C.Virollaud, managing director of "Babylionaca', in Paris. He starts to study the 'Sumerian Tablets' and this way he also becomes an expert on the ancient Assyrian language.

In 1904 Dantinne meets Josephin Peladan when Peladan lectured at the Ravenstein hotel in Brussels. The Ravenstein Hotel was a meeting place for the members of Peladan's Order 'L'ORDRE DE LA ROSE-CROIX CATHOLIQUE EST ESTETHIQUE DU TEMPLE ET DU GRAAL', originally founded in 1891by Josephin Peladan after he left 'L ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX' ( The Kabbalistic Order of the Rose+Cross ). After Peladan founded his new Order, he organized the now famous 'Salons des Rose-Croix' in Paris. He engaged 170 artists who collaborated in the famous art–exhibitions. At the third exhibition held in Brussels in 1894, a branch of Peladan's Order was established in Belgium. The Belgian branch was headed by the famous symbolistic painter Jean Delville ( one of my favourite painters! take a look at:

http:// www.artmagick.com/artists/delville1.asp

After the first meeting with Peladan in 1904, Dantinne became a regular visitor of Peladan's branch at the Ravenstein Hotel in Brussels. The rosicrucian philosophy flourished in Belgium.

Brussels became the 'headquarter' of the european esoteric Orders and Societies. In 1918 Josephin Peladan died. His death was caused by foodpoisoning. The 'ORDER OF THE CATHOLIC ROSE-CROSS …' was reorganized by his disciples. The Order divided into several branches. Gary de Lacroze continued the Original "L'Ordre de la Rose-Croix Catholique" in France, as did the painter Jaques Brasilier. Brasilier was the publisher of a periodical, named 'Les Feuillets de la Rosace', later rebaptized 'Feuillets des Dunes, organe de la Rosace'.

In Belgium the Order was reorganized by Emile Dantinne under the name of 'ROSE-CROIX UNIVERSELLE' ( the Universal Rosecross ) with the help of a certain Du Chastain.

"After the death of Peladan it was Sar Hieronymus who relighted the torch of the Order and restored it in the ancient tradition of the real Rose+Cross". ( an Addition to 'L'Oeuvre et la Pensée de Péladan', written by Emile Dantinne in 1952 ).Sar Hieronymus is , as mentioned before, the 'Nomen Mysticum' of Emile Dantinne.

The title 'SAR' was used in the original 'ORDRE DE LA ROSE-CROIX CATHOLIQUE...' This title was only given to the highest initiates of the Order. The meaning of the title 'SAR' is 'Son of Ra' (Sa= son ; R'=Ra or Re). 'SAR' was also used among the ancient kings of Assyria. A more plausible explanation can be found in the letters which Josephin Peladan (SAR MERODACK) wrote to his friends. An example can be seen in 'La Vie Supreme' (Peladan's first novel), in which we find a letter adressed to a certain Prince de Courtenay. If we'll take a look at the opening words, we read :

' S.A.R. MONSEIGNEUR LE PRINCE de COURTENAY '. The abbreviation stands for ' SON ALTESSE ROYALE ' ( His Royal Highness). The 'Nomen Mysticum' -SAR- was eventually copied by SAR HIERONYMUS and later on attached to all dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

In 1923 Dantinne reorganizes the whole R+C Order (ORDO AUREAE & ROSAE CRUCIS -OARC)in 3 separate Orders. 'L'ORDRE de la ROSE-CROIX UNIVERSITAIRE', divided into 9 Degrees. 'L'ORDRE de la ROSE-CROIX UNIVERSELLE' under the leadership of Imperator Francois Soetewey ( SAR SUCCUS ), likewise divided into 9 Degrees. Both the Orders served the same cause, except the 'ORDRE de la ROSE-CROIX UNIVERSITAIRE' only admitted members who were university-trained. Finally there was 'L'ORDRE de la ROSE+CROIX INTERIEURE' under the leadership of Imperator Jules Rochat de Abbaye ( SAR APOLLONIUS ), divided into 4 Degrees. Consequently the R+C Order was divided in a total of 13 Degrees, the 13th being "the Degree of Imperator".

On December 31, 1925 Dantinne founded a 'R+C CENTRE' in Brussels (Belgium) under the leadership of Francois Soetewey with Jean Mallinger as secretary. In 1927 Dantinne founded 'L'ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE et MYSTIQUE'. The Order was a reconstruction of the 'Order of Pythagoras". The Order was led by Dantinne (Sar Hieronymus) himself, Francois Soetewey (Sar Succus) and Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim), leader of the Belgian branch of the 'RITE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM'.

Dantinne worked as a librarian for the Belgian city of Huy. We know that Dantinne attended colleges at several universities all through his life. He published numerous articles in the famous Swiss periodical 'INCONNU', published by the rosicrucian Pierre Gillard, cousin of Edouard Bertholet (SAR ALKMAION) leader of the "ROSE-CROIX d'ORIENT" and "L'ORDRE MARTINISTE et SYNARCHIQUE (successor of Blanchard). Gillard was a member of the Swiss Grandlodge of AMORC.

Dantinne was also the founder of the C.R.S.O.(Commision de recherches scientifiques sur l'occultisme), established in Huy, Belgium. He also founded 'Institut scientifiques sur l'occultisme' and the 'Societe Metaphysique' in Brussels. The Government and the King of Belgium rewarded Dantinne several times for his contributions to education and culture. In 1962 Dantinne was admitted into 'De Leopoldsorde' (one of the highest honourable titles of the state of Belgium). It is needless to say that Emile Dantinne was an accomplished writer. During his lifetime he published over 30 titles concerning topics such as foreign languages, local history, metaphysics, occultism etc. Emile Dantinne died in Huy on the 21st of May, 1969, at the age of 85.

recollections of Sar Hieronymus :

"Our good master, Sar Hieronymous, also sent me a whole treasure of comforting thoughts, of sublime teachings and ... his blessing, of which we have all felt the effects. I ask you, my beloved brother, to thank him on my behalf, for you would be able to express better than I could, all my affection and my infinite gratitude for the prayers he says for us to the Divine Master. He is so close to Him, and his soul is so beautiful that he must obtain much for those for whom he beseeches Him." - Lydie Martin, Martinist, active within the F.U.D.O.S.I. (letter dated 1936/5/3 )

"As a good egotist, I will begin with myself, as I hasten to announce the profound impression I felt immediately the first time I encountered our Grand Master. His bright look, which probes the depths of your heart, and that expression of infinite goodness, penetrate you, and you immediately feel you are in the presence of one of the disciples that God likes to send you to instruct and guide you in the accomplishment of His will for the advancement of His Kingdom." - Jules Rochat de l'Abbaye ( Sar Appolonius, Grandmaster of 'La Rose+Croix Universitaire)

He then smiled and held out his hand to me as a sign of welcome. When he smiled, his whole face lit up with a radiant brightness. Then I became conscious of what it is that master artists tried to capture on their canvasses in their effort to make their subjects - saints, mystics and great philosophers of the past - appear to radiate the esoteric light they had within them." - Ralph Lewis, Imperator van AMORC.

"In daily life, Sar Hieronymous was also a perfect hypnotist and an astonishing diviner. Thus, he harmoniously combined knowledge with its practical applications.

He also had a special gift, which his friend Leon Lelarge, and I have witnessed for ourselves more than once: he was able to stop rain completely and send the clouds to another area. That would seem improbable to some people. However, I can only say, in good faith, that I have seen it!" - Jean Mallinger ( Sar Elgim ).

Notes :

(1) The Brahman Order here mentioned was a Pythagorean Order. Orders like the "Brahman Order" were a continuation of the 'Fratelli Obscuri ' , constituted in 1575. Sir Thomas More (writer of i.a. "Utopia") and Sir Walter Raleigh were among its first members.

(2) The position of Emile Dantinne as the ' driving force' behind the

F.U.D.O.S.I. is indeed debatable. Dantinne was the 'face'of the

F.U.D.O.S.I., as "Imperator of the Rosicrucians of Europe"

(nomen mysticum: Sar Hieronymus), but the real 'driving forces' were

probably his principle disciples, the people around him, such as Jean

Mallinger. Another 'principal force', as stated in "Addendum 6;

Victor Blanchard", was Armand Rombauts with his leading qualities and

years of experiences within various esoteric fraternities, and, of

course, let us not forget Blanchard and H. Spencer Lewis and "his"

AMORC-organisation.

An incident occured in 1933 which indicates that Dantinne wanted to give up all his order-activities ! (source : Fr. Roger Marechal, Liège 1982, personal files).

On May 28, 1933 Mallinger alarms his friend Leon Lelarge regarding Dantinne's consideration to give up all his order-activities, including the Rosicrucian Order. Mallinger sees in Dantinne's decision "the hand of the Church". Mallinger considers the event as a personal catastrophe, because Dantinne was Mallinger's personal mentor on the path, "...it was Dantinne who showed me the Light", thus Mallinger. No one did ever know for sure what led Dantinne to consider the suspension of all his activities. The sources suspect a link between Dantinne's decision and the constitution of the "Grand Orient -in Belgium- of the Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Mizraïm". The constitution was published in the "Moniteur Belge" on

April 8, 1933- and was signed by Jean Mallinger and other members of the O::H::T::M::, 'L'ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE et MYSTIQUE' (the Pythagorean Order). "Not having taken part at all in the constitution of the 'new' obedience (the Belgian M.'.M.'. lodges originally belonged to the French obedience, more information on the schism of the Belgian Lodges will follow in Chapters 5 and -especially- 6), one can suppose Dantinne would have felt 'betrayed' by his principle disciples" (thus Marechal)

The following year, in March 1934, it is Mallinger who informs Lelarge of his intention to resign from the Rosicrucian Brotherhood !

Anyway, as history tells us, 5 months later on all was forgotten .... on August 14, the birth of the F.U.D.O.S.I. ... ...

(God alone knows what has been said between Mallinger and Dantinne at the time, but from then on they would not question each other ever again ...)

5

- THE SACRAMENTARY OF THE ROSE+CROIX -

' WE'RE NOT PUBLISHING, HOWEVER, CERTAIN ORISONS AND VERY OCCULT FORMULAE, TRUE PROCEDURES OF ACTION, AND SOME OF WHICH CONSTITUTE DREADFUL SPIRITUAL WEAPONS IN THE HANDS OF THE ROSE+CROIX. THOSE KEYS AND FORMULAE WILL BE SUBSEQUENTLY GIVEN BY US TO A VERY SMALL CIRCLE OF BROTHERS, DULY CHOSEN ACCORDING TO THE GENERAL DOCTRINE AND THE PLAN OF THE ORDER. THOSE BROTHERS WILL NOT BE CHOSEN BY US, BUT BY THOSE WHO, ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE VEIL, CONTINUE TO WATCH OVER MANKIND AND THE WORLD, IN A WORD, BY THE MASTERS OF THE PAST, THE ONLY VERITABLE UNKNOWN SUPERIORS.'

-Robert Ambelain 33' 90' 95', All Saints Day, 1963

( L'Ordre Martinist de Paris, ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX, RITE ANCIEN ET PRIMITIF DE MEMPHIS-MISRAÏM , Gnostic Catholic Church )

"In the same year (1932) Dantinne also contacted Victor Blanchard, of "L'Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique". Blanchard also attended the 1908 convention. Together with Blanchard and Lewis, Dantinne started the preparations for the foundation of FUDOSI. It is clear that after Blanchard was approached, the idea became reality." , as was stated in partIV.

Unlike the earlier conventions, where the majority of the attending societies belonged to Masonic organizations, the F.U.D.O.S.I. - conventions were attended by the traditional Rosicrucian- and Martinist organizations, except for the M::M:: Rite in 1934. But the 'Rite of MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM' has always closely been linked to the Rosicrucian- and Martinist Orders . But, the membership of the M::M::-Rite would be short-lived.....

As i've mentioned before, between W.W I and W.W. II the centre of occult and mystical activity was shifted from France to Belgium. Belgium became the main-centre for many Brotherhoods of which many branches still exist today.

SAR HIERONYMUS (Dantinne), SAR ALDEN (Lewis), and SAR YESIR (Blanchard) started the preparations for the Convention of August 1934 .....

During the existance of the F.U.D.O.S.I. the leaders constantly worked upon the composition of the absolute leadership of the federation ( 3 Imperators ) and the F.U.D.O.S.I.-Council ( 12 members). The organization saw to it, that the heart of the actual leadership of the F.U.D.O.S.I. always consisted of , when possible, members from the original 'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE de la ROSE+CROIX' ( OKR+C ) and the ' SUPREME CONSEIL de L'ORDRE MARTINISTE' ( O.M. )., established respectively in 1888 and 1891. This 'condition' applied to Augustin Chaboseau (O.M.) and Lucien Chamuel, also known as 'Mauchel' ( OKR+C ). In all the F.U.D.O.S.I. organized eight conventions during it's existence : in 1934, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1949, and 1951. All conventions were held in Brussels ( Belgium), except in the years 1937 and 1947. These were held in Paris, France.

THE FIRST CONVENTION.

The first Convention took place in Brussels from August 8 up to August 16, 1934. On August 8, 1934 Sar Hieronymus opened the first Convention of the F.U.D.O.S.I. in Brussels, Belgium. The opening address of Sar Hieronymus was partially published in 1935 in an article by Frater Artemis ( 'Nomen Mysticum' of August Reichel - Grand Master of AMORC Switzerland as replacement for Edouard Bertholet/Sar Alkmaion, delegate of 'CONFRERIE des FRERES ILLUMINES de la ROSE+CROIX' and 'L'ASSOCIATION ALCHEMIQUE de FRANCE' of Jollivet-Castelot), called (transl.) "WHO WE ARE AND WHAT WE WANT", for a magazine called 'LA ROSE+CROIX', published by Jollivet-Castelot, president of ' L'ASSOCIATION ALCHEMIQUE de FRANCE'.

day 1, August 8 1934 ; Rosicrucians

The first day of the Convention was reserved for the Rosicrucian Orders. The following delegates were present :

EMILE DANTINNE- SAR HIERONYMUS, Imperator for Europe and delegate of 'L'ORDRE UNIVERSELLE de la ROSE+CROIX'

JEAN MALLINGER- SAR ELGRIM, delegate of 'L'ORDRE UNIVERSITAIRE de la ROSE+CROIX'.

HARVEY SPENCER LEWIS- SAR ALDEN, delegate of A.M.O.R.C.- U.S.A. and 'MILITIA CRUCIFERA EVANGELICA' .

HANS GRUETER- SAR IOHANNES, Grand Master of A.M.O.R.C.- FRANCE.

JEANNE GUESDON- SAR PURITIA, Grand Secretary of A.M.O.R.C.- FRANCE.

MANY CIHLAR- SAR EMMANUEL, Grand Secretary of A.M.O.R.C.- AUSTRIA.

VICTOR BLANCHARD- SAR YESIR, delegate of 'L'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE de la ROSE+CROIX' and replacing Lucien Chamuel, Grand Master of the OKR+C.

AUGUST REICHEL- SAR ARTEMIS, Grand Master of A.M.O.R.C.- SWITZERLAND, replacing Edouard Bertholet ( Sar Alkmaion ) and delegate of 'CONFRERIE des FRERES ILLUMINES de la ROSE+CROIX' and 'L'ASSOCIATION ALCHEMIQUE de FRANCE'.

August 9, Ordre Hermetiste Tetramegiste et Mystique

At the same time on August 9, 1934, there was ( under the auspices of the F.U.D.O.S.I.) a meeting of 'L'ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE et MYSTIQUE' (the Pythagorean Order). Present were :

EMILE DANTINNE, Universal Grandmaster of the Pythagorean Order.

GEORGE de LAGREZE, Grandmaster of the 'Perfect Square' (synomynus for Grand Lodge ) representing France and Switzerland. (in december 1934 both lands were seperated as two 'Perfect Squares'. Lagreze kept France and AUGUST REICHEL became Grandmaster of the "Perfect Square' in Switzerland)

LUIS FITAU, consul of Chili in Brussels, authorized by Dantinne as Grandmaster of the 'Perfect Square' in Chili. Fitau retired in 1939.

FRANCOIS SOETEWEY, Grandmaster of the 'Perfect Square' in Belgium.

August 8 to 14, the Rite of Memphis-Mizraim

August 10, on demand of the Grand Hierophant (head of the Rite) GUERINO TROILO (33*98*) (Argentinia), representing 60 Lodges, the convention of the M::M:: Rite was opened.Troilo himself was not present but he authorized Jean Mallinger (33*97*). This third day dealt with the organization of the Rite. The Rite was rectified to 99 Degrees. The first 90 Degrees are the symbolic initiation Degrees, followed by 9 'official' Degrees. In hierarchical order :99* GREAT HIEROPHANT, 98* GRAND UNIVERSAL HIEROPHANT, 97* all members of the SUPREME COUNSIL, and 96* the SOUVEREIGN GRANDMASTERS.

Jean Mallinger was also authorized by Grandmaster JOSE-RAFAEL CANEDO of Bolivia. Also present were GEORGES de LAGREZE, authorized by JEAN-HENRI PROBST-BIRABEN (33* 97*), PEDRO BERSETCHE (33* 97*) Delegate for Urugay, VICTOR BLANCHARD (33* 97*), HANS GRUETER (33* 97*) (Switzerland and France) and AUGUST REICHEL (Austria). After a few days they were joined by HARVEY SPENCER LEWIS (U.S.A.), MAURICE De SECK, MANY CIHLAR (Austria), LUIS FITAU (Chili) and JOSE-RAFAEL CANEDO.

Troilo became Souvereign Grandmaster for the whole world and Georges de Lagreze became the 'acting' Grandmaster for the whole world. Jean-Henry Probst-Biraben (33* 97*) became Grand Councillor, the Souvereign Council consisted of :Raoul Fructus (33* 95*), Luis Fitau (33*95*), August Reichel (33* 90*) and Maurice Fallot (33*90*). The convention was solemnly opened by Georges de Lagreze (MIKAEL). Some of the Brothers who had received certificates without the corresponding initiation-ceremonies, were officially 'initiated'.

The following Brothers were officially initiated in various degrees:

George de Lagreze 33* 97*

Jean Mallinger ,, ,,

Maurice de Seck ,, ,,

Many Cihlar 18* (Knight Rose-Croix)

Spencer Lewis 66* 87* 88* 89* 90*

Categno (Pedro Bersetche) 66* 87* 88* 89* 90*

87* up to 90* are the famous ARCANA ARCANORUM Degrees, made famous by Cagliostro in the 18th. Century. They were originally adapted and incorporated in the Mizraim-Rite in Italy, in the beginning of the 19th century. The "ARCANA ARCANORUM' were also incorporated in the highest Degree of ' L'ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE ET MYSTIQUE' , one of the participants of the Convention.

Hans Grueter 33* 90*

Raoul Fructus ,, ,,

Victor Blanchard ,, ,,

Luis Fitau ,, ,,

August Reichel ,, ,,

Maurice Fallot ,, ,,

The High Council of 'The Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Mizraim' was installed on August 11, under the leadership of ' Le Grand Invisible Hierophant' Armand Rombauts (33*99*), otherwise known as OR-ZAM. Some of the other members of the High Council were Leon Lelarge and Raoul Fructus . The decisions made concerning this rite were done without authorization. Grand Master of the Rite was Constant Chevillon from France. Rombauts / Oz-Ram and the belgian M:.M:. Rite belonged to the Obedience of the M:.M:. Rite of France, and therefore had no authority whatsoever ! Rombauts and Mallinger tried to create an autonomous Order without any authorization. H.S. Lewis played an important role in the whole story, as we will see in another chapter.

The M:.M:. Convention was closed on August 14.

August 9 to 16 , Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique

Grand Master of the Order was Victor Blanchard, who was secretary to Papus at the 1908 Convention. Papus founded the ' FEDERATION MACONNIQUE UNIVERSELE', which was officially established during the convention . The 'F:.M:.U:. was a ' forerunner' of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

Blanchard was the president of the Martinist- Convention. He was also a delegate of ' L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE'. He was also a delegate of the ' SUPREME COUNCIL DE L'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX' .

Because of Victor Blanchard Martinism was introduced (once more) in Belgium. Emille Dantinne , Spencer Lewis and other dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were initiated as Martinists during the convention.

RESOLUTION OF THE FIRST CONVENTION :

12 Members were chosen to form the SUPREME COUNCIL, led by 3 Imperators :

SAR HIERONYMUS (E. Dantinne) Imperator of Europe

SAR ALDEN (H.S. Lewis) Imperator of the American continent

Sar YESIR (V. Blanchard) Imperator of Eastern Europe.

The symbol of the F.U.D.O.S.I. was created by H.S. Lewis. The meaning of the symbol will be explained later.

The following Orders and societies were represented on the first convention :

1. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSELLE (Sar Hieronymus)

2. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSITAIRE (Sar Hieronymus, Sar Elgrim)

3. ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX (Sar Yesir representing Lucien Mauchel)

4. CONFRERIE DES FRERES ILLUMINES DE LA ROSE+CROIX (Sar Amertis)

5. A.M.O.R.C. U.S.A. (Sar Alden, Sar Emmanuel, Sar Iohannes)

6. MILITIA CRUCIFERA EVANGELICA (Sar Alden)

7. ORDRE ANCIEN ET MYSTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX AMORC-Switzerland (Sar Amertis representing sar Alkmaion)

8. SOCIETE ALCHIMIQUE DE FRANCE (Sar Amertis)

9. ORDRE DES SAMARITAINS INCONNUS (Sar Amertis)

10. ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE ET MYSTIQUE or ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN (Sar Succus, Sar Helios)

11. ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE (Sar Yesir)

12. FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES (Sar Yesir)

13. ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM STRICTE OBSERVANCE (Sar Iohannes, Sar Ludovicus)

14. CO-MASONIC ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM (Sar Laya, Sar Fulgur)

15. L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE (Tau Targelius=Victor Blanchard)

Next : THE FRENCH OBEDIENCE OF THE M:.M:. RITE versus F.U.D.O.S.I.

 

6

" BENEATH THE BROAD TIDE OF HUMAN HISTORY THERE FLOW THE STEALTHY UNDERCURRENTS OF THE SECRET SOCIETIES, WHICH FREQUENTLY DETERMINE IN THE DEPTHS THE CHANGES THAT TAKE PLACE UPON THE SURFACE. THESE SOCIETIES HAVE EXISTED IN ALL AGES AND AMONG ALL NATIONS . . . . . . ."

ARTHUR EDWARD WAITE, THE REAL HISTORY OF THE ROSICRUCIANS, 1887

__________________________________________________

CONSTANT CHEVILLON VERSUS F.U.D.O.S.I.

THE FOUNDATION OF F.U.D.O.F.S.I. , FEDERATION OF ORDERS AND FRATERNITIES OF INITIATES

- In part 5 (' F.U.D.O.S.I.- the first convention' ) we could see that the decisions and rectifications made concerning the ' ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM ' (1) had a negative impact on the international masonic and esoteric community, especially on the M:.M:.Rite itself. To understand the opposition against the M:.M:. Convention of August 8-14,1934, one has to study the developments within the M:.M:.Rite of Belgium at the time. Many of the High Council members including the 'Grand Invisible Hierophant' (Rombauts) were members of the Belgian branch of the Rite.

The story begins in 1912 when ARMAND ROMBAUTS (1881-1947) was chartered by Papus ( one of the founders of the Martinist Order of 1884) to establish a Martinist-Lodge in Belgium. Rombauts founded the ' Grand Loge Nationale de Belgique ' which was named

' I.N.R.I. - Lodge'. Rombauts had also been initiated in the MEMPHIS-MISRAIM RITE by Papus. (other sources tell us that the initiator was a Dutchman).

In 1918 he became the official delegate of the Martinist-Order in Belgium. He was also initiated (2) into the highest degree (90*) of the Memphis-Misraim Rite by the Grand Master of France, JEAN BRICAUD.In 1931 Rombauts received a Charter to establish a branch of the PYTHAGOREAN ORDER. This branch did not belong to the other existing Pythagorean Order in Belgium, which was founded by Francois Soetewey and Emille Dantinne in 1927 (O::H::T::M::), although both branches started to work with each other on a fraternal base. The Order of Rombouts started to accept women in their lodges and started to establish Lodges in several cities (Antwerp, Brussels, Liege). These developments did not have the approval of Bricaud. The Belgian Orders, which were headed by Rombouts, belonged to the French Obedience of Bricaud.

The above mentioned means that the Belgian Lodges were not ' Sovereign ' , therefore they could not establish their own Lodges. The Belgian Memphis-Misraim Order belonged to the French jurisdiction and had no authority whatsoever. At one time Rombauts asked Bricaud's permission for the establishment of a Belgian jurisdiction, but Bricaud refused to give his permission. The Belgian branch started to contact other M:.M:. Lodges which Bricaud did not recognize as Grand Master of the Rite. Among the people who were contacted were Raoul Fructus, Hans Grueter (Grand Master A.M.O.R.C. France), George de Lagreze (Grand Master O::H::T::M:: France) etc. When Jean Mallinger was asked by Rombauts to rectify the rituals, Bricaud was forced to intervene.

From 1933 on the Belgian Lodges were officially not recognized any longer as 'regular' lodges of the 'Antient and Primitive Memphis-Misraim Rite' by the French Obedience.

The Belgian Lodges started to work with Lodges from the United States and South-America. In this part of the history the contact between Jean Mallinger and Spencer Lewis was established. Officially it is stated that a Belgian historian, Francois Wittemans(3), had advised Mallinger to contact Spencer Lewis. On January 11, 1933 Jean Mallinger wrote a letter to Lewis about a possible collaboration between A.M.O.R.C. and the Belgian Orders.

The whole history resulted in an indepent Belgian Memphis-Misraim Rite still existing today.

P>The schizm resulted in an international Order next to the original M:.M:.Rite of Grand master Jean Bricaud. George Lagreze and Hans Grueter became the Grand masters in France, Troilo in Argentinia and Constantin Platounoff in Belgium. It was this group of Lodges, under the guidance and leadership of Emille Dantinne (Dantinne was NOT involved in the M.'.M.'. activities), who would form the F.U.D.O.S.I. in 1934. One of the aims of the M:.M:. Convention (August 8-14,1934) was "The Return to the fundamental source of the MISRAIM- Rite ". The French Obedience, to which the Belgian branch belonged until 1933, worked the system of John Yarker, called officially ' THE ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE OF MASONRY ' . Yarker's system worked 33 degrees, divided into 3 sections, embracing MODERN, CHIVALRIC, and EGYPTIAN Masonry. In fact the system compressed the Rituals of the 90 working degrees of the MEMPHIS-Rite into 30 Rituals. One has to understand that the original system needed the fortune of a kingdom to carry on a Rite of 90 degrees with the necessary splendour. And this has been one of the main reasons that during the 19th century in several cities throughout Europe the original Rite was abandoned. Abandoned because of financial difficulties.....

The Belgian brothers used this to state that the French Obedience was a body representing the Rite of Memphis, instead of Memphis-Misraim. They declared that they found "old documentation" from the year 1818 of the original Rite of Misraim and they considered it was the right moment for a renewal of the complete Rite. A renewal according to the original intention of the sources of the Rite. According to the F.U.D.O.S.I. this would be a "Rosicrucian Renewal", carried out by the First Imperator of the Rosicrucian Order, Harvey Spencer Lewis. In letters and articles written by Jean Mallinger, Spencer Lewis etc. (4) that i've red, the argumentation in favour of a Rosicrucian foundation of the Memphis-Misraim Rite was used to 'legalize' the rectifications of the M:.M:.Rite.

According to Spencer Lewis in an article called "True Mysticism" the Rosicrucians were descendants of the Essenes, which "created"and conserved the original Christian Mysteries, assisted by the adepts of the Great White Brotherhood and (later on) the Templars. All the Adepts belonged to the ancient rite of Memphis-Misraim ....

The International Grand Lodge, the French Obedience, strongly protested against these developments.

There exists a very interesting document, written by Constant Chevillon ( Grand Master of the original M:.M:. after Bricaud's death in 1934) dating March 1, 1936 in Paris, describing the events of the whole history. The document was sent to all the M:.M:. lodges around the world, informing them what had happened within the Belgium M:.M:. Lodges over the last few years. Of special interest is the opinion of Chevillon about Dr.H.S. Lewis and the F.U.D.O.S.I. I've translated a few excerpts of the document :

FROM THE ORDER M:. A.y.P. of MEMPHIS-MISRAIM FRANCE

GREETINGS ON ALL POINTS OF THE TRIANGLE

WITH RESPECT TO THE ORDER

TO ALL OF THE M:. GREETINGS ON THE THREE POINTS of WISDOM, POWER, AND BEAUTY !

" Mr. Rombauts intiated the advocate Mallinger, who is no member of the Order, without any authority. Within months he was initiated into the highest degrees. Jean Bricaud, Grand Master of the Highest Sanctuary, objected in a writing against these developments within the Belgian branch. Rombauts never replied ! Together with Mallinger he tried to establish an independant, autonomous Order. They rectified the rites, initiate both men and women into the highest degrees. They created supplemental grades, 98* and 99*, and raised the total amount of grades with the 96- and 97 Degree."

" One of the attending visitors of this convention was the Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. , H.S.Lewis from San Jose, California. Spencer Lewis was initiated in Germany in 1921 (5) in the 95th Degree by Reuss-Peregrinus. Spencer Lewis claimed to be the Grand Master of the Great White Brotherhood of Tibet under the name of SRI- SOBBHITA- BIKKHU. Lewis gave Rombauts the title of Great Hierophant (99th Degree) under the name of OR-ZAM. This way Rombauts became Grand Master of Belgium, and what even is more peculair: Rombauts was given the name ROMBAUTS-OR-ZAM-PHANAR , and Phanar relocated the Order to the Highest Sanctuary of Belgium ( as one can read in the magazine 'ADONHIRAM', published by Jean Mallinger)."

" The Convention installed also a Great Hierophant of the 98th Degree, H.Troilo, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge in Santa Fe, Argentinia. The Grand Lodge of Santa Fe have written to us that they received a letter in which was written that the Order in Belgium declared themselves to be initiated into the 97 degree after the death of Garibaldi(6), and therefore were not recognized.

Next they created their own illegal Sanctuary in Europe, Switzerland, India and China, which never actually functioned. Then they organized an international convention in Brussels on August 1934, to establish an universal organization. The main purpose of this organization is to sentence other Sanctuaries, especially the Sanctuary of France. This happened, of course, without the authorization of the 'Antient and Primitive Rite of Masonry'!

The "official authorization" was given by H.S.Lewis, as SRI-SOBBHITA-BIKKHU !

Because of the "Tradition" , proclaimed by the Order , Lewis was "authorized" through the International Secretary to 'charter' the initiations of the Order. The Charter was declared as the "Urbi et Orbi" of the Order !

But the famous Great White Brotherhood of Tibet is UNKNOWN within Freemasonry, and therefore has no jurisdiction within the M:.M:. Lodges ..."

" The Masonic community reacted immediately. Incidents followed. The brothers who asked for an explanation concerning the rectification of the Rite, did never receive a reply. "Official" documents disappeared and several magazines and newspapers revealed sensational stories. The institutional Charter of the Great White Brotherhood was ridiculed in public and an official statement pronounced the G.W.B.-charter being without any legal- or historical authorization. The so called "Authority" of Brussels was gone..."

" Following these events Rombauts retreated without making use of the false certification of H.S. Lewis, leaving the Order in chaos. He still calls himself the "Great Invisible Hierophant"of the Order with his associate Jean Mallinger as Grand Master of Belgium. H.S. Lewis, who tried to destroy the charter, still portrayed himself as the "world authority" of the Sanctuary Grand Alden under the protection of the F.U.D.O.S.I."

" The Highest Sanctuary of France responded quickly :

- A return of all the Lodges concerned to the Tradition of the Order. The supplemental grades are "illegal" and therefore not to be recognized! All the members of the Grand Lodge of the "Belgian" group are expelled from the Order (Rombauts, Mallinger, Grueter, Lagreze etc).The permanent commission of the Order authorized the decisions made in France. Finally, the Lodge ' LES DISCIPLES DE PYTHAGORE ' permanently closed it's doors on September 5, 1933, it's charter being withdrawn."

The document was signed :

Paris, march 1 1936, E.V.

EL S.G.M.G. Constant Chevillon

EL G. Adm. G. Chnc. Henry Dupont

As stated before, the whole affair resulted in the establisment of a new, international Order representing the Memphis-Misraim Rite, next to the "official" Order represented by Bricaud, and after his death, Constant Chevillon.

The opposition of the regular M:.M:. Rite against the decisions made on the convention of 1934 resulted in the expulsion from the F.U.D.O.S.I. of both the M:.M:.Orders represented on the convention : ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MISRAIM (STRICTE OBSERVANCE) and the MIXED ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM.

The 3 Imperators of the F.U.D.O.S.I. (Lewis, Dantinne, Blanchard) made this decision on August 1, 1935.

In 1935 August Reichel (A.M.O.R.C. Switzerland, CONFRERIE DES FRERES ILLUMINES DE LA ROSE+CROIX, and delegate of L'ASSOCIATION ALCHEMIQUE DE FRANCE) decided to leave the F.U.D.O.S.I. Reichel decided to work in the future within the framework of the Orders of Lyon, headed by Constant Chevillon (L'ORDRE MARTINISTE-MARTINEZISTE de LYON, L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE, ORDER OF KNIGHT MASONS ELUS COHEN OF THE UNIVERSE, THE ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS MIZRAIM). The founding of the F.U.D.O.S.I., pictured in public as "the protectors of the authentic Initiatique Orders and Societies" , caused the other societies to react. This resulted in the founding of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. (Federation Universelle de Ordres,Fraternites et Societies Initiatique),' headed' by Constant Chevillon.

7

ARCANUM ARCANORUM

THE GREAT ARCANUM - - THAT IS TO SAY, THE UNUTTERABLE AND INEXPLICABLE SECRET --- IS THE ABSOLUTE KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD AND OF EVIL. "WHEN YOU HAVE EATEN THE FRUIT OF THIS TREE, YOU WILL BE AS THE GODS," SAID THE SERPENT

ELIPHAS LEVI LA CLEF DES GRANDS MYSTERES

An aspect often left out when discussing the problems between the F.U.D.O.S.I. and the "Orders of Lyon" is an aspect of a political nature. The initiatic Orders and Societies, including Freemasonry, have always played an ambiguous role in society.

Especially in France there has always been (certainly up to the time when the F.U.D.O.S.I. was founded) a strong Republican-movement within the world of Orders and Societies next to the conservative Royalist-movement. One has just to be remembered of the role of Freemasonry during the French Revolution.

When we take a look at the standpoints of some of the core-members of the F.U.D.O.S.I. regarding this issue, we'll get the next picture :

Emille Dantinne, for instance, was a Royalist strongly opposed to the republican movement.

He was a "Naundorfist". The "Naundorf-movement" was build around a hypothesis that a certain Karl Wilhelm Naundorf, an adventurer, 'emerged' in Berlin in 1810 and claimed to be the son of the French King Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette. He tried to prove his claim before a court in France in which he didn't succeed. He had to leave France where he was no longer welcome. He left for Great Britain where he later claimed to be "the Messias". In 1845 he finally settled in Holland, where he lived under the protection of the Dutch Crown (because of some military invention from Naundorf), where he died in the same year. His real name was Charles Louis Eduard de Bourbon. His descendants repeatedly tried to prove that Naundorf was of royal descent. The whole history finally ended in 1998, when Prof. J.J. Cassiman

( University of Leuven, Belgium) proved (DNA- test) that Naundorf could not have been Louis XVII, successor of Louis XVI, King of France.

Dantinne was even convinced that a member of the F.U.D.O.S.I., Andre Cordonnier, who became one of the Imperators of the organization in 1946, was the 'new king' of France ! We'll discuss this matter in one of the following chapters.

The ideas of Dantinne concerning political -, social -, and even racial issues are reflected in his writings. The following statements made by Dantinne concerning these issues can be found in 2 documents of the F.U.D.O.S.I., entitled "Position des ordres initiatiques devant les problèmes contemporaines 12/10/1941" (A), and "Rapport sur les ordres et sociétés initiatiques. 12/10/1941" (B).

Concerning the topic "Les ordres initiatiques et le problème de la race" Dantinne speaks about the view of the F.U.D.O.S.I. in Europe :

"Contrary to the Church, the Initiatic Orders of Europe formally exclude the Jews and their organizations from their centres. Any collaborations with the Jews results in the following serious consequences: Intellectuel anarchy, indiscipline, schizm and discord, egoism, negligance of national interests etc".

"On the contrary, The Orders require of their members discipline, a community spirit, morality, patriotism"...etc. (freely translated)

In the final part of the document it is stated : "The genuine Initiatory Orders are only open to the Aryan community and do not admit anyone belonging to the jewish race".

Furthermore it is stated that the masonic influence was and is still very strong in society through high positions secured by masons in "all the wheels of the State". The teachings of Masonry are described as a "glorification of men" instead of God, and therefore the aim of a mason in society is to gain personal profit.

(october, 12 1941 document A, signed : 'the Imperator of Europe')

From the second document (B) i've translated a part in which the attitude of the F.U.D.O.S.I. towards Freemasonry is stated :

"Chapter V - POSITION OF THE F.U.D.O.S.I. TOWARDS MASONRY

1. In 1934, at the time of the foundation of the F.U.D.O.S.I., Freemasonry was condemned by the attending Orders as an atheistic organization and no Masonic Order would be admitted to the federation. One exception was made in favour of the Antient Rite of Memhis-Misraim, which was recognized as a spiritual Order not recognized by the other Masonic Obediences.

But the admission turned out to be an error (the text refers to the problems with Chevillon, see part 6). It proved that the Judaic and material character is inseparable from any masonic rite, that all reformation of Masonry is utopic, and as a consequence, no collaboration is possible between the F.U.D.O.S.I. and any masonic rite or order. In 1935, the leaders of the F.U.D.O.S.I. excluded the only masonic order within their ranks. They even forced their members to break all their ties to masonry, under penalty of exclusion (with the exception of Mr.Wittemans, who remained a member of a masonic organization)".

The Documents are written in 1941, the european countries were invaded by the German troops of Adolf Hitler. We know that Dantinne was no Nazi, and certain members of the F.U.D.O.S.I. would play a role in the resistance, but nevertheless the Jewish race were openly discriminated by the F.U.D.O.S.I. through the official documents of their Imperator.

Also, there's no mistake concerning Dantinne's view of a Democratic society. He was strongly opposed towards the Liberal movement and a democratic model of State, which he saw as a masonic pact. And, as you can read in the above mentioned, masonry stood for an atheistic, material, a-moral organization in Dantinne's eyes.

Other high officials of the F.U.D.O.S.I. shared Dantinne's view on the problems of society at the time. It is well known that Harvey-Spencer Lewis of A.M.O.R.C. always favoured the autocratic systems above the liberal, democratic model. On the other hand, he associated himself with an ultra-nationalistic association in the United States. He even wins the confidence of Mussolini, who already banned masonry in Italy in 1925, who receives Lewis with open arms as "a friend of the family" as early as 1931. The Imperator compliments the dictator on "the absence of beggars in the streets, the impressive architecture, the punctuality of the trains" etc. Lewis returns once more to Italy in 1937. To this occasion, Mussolini gives a speech in which he promises a radiant future for A.M.O.R.C.

The inward conflict between Loyalists and Republicans within the Esoteric Orders and Societies (incl. Freemasonry) started before the French Revolution.

As mentioned earlier in part 4, Emille Dantinne was the successor of Josephin Peladan, the co-founder of the ' ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX' in 1888. Peladan was forced to leave the Order, after which he founded the

' ORDRE DE LA ROSE-CROIX CATHOLIQUE ET ESTHETIQUE DU TEMPLE ET DU GRAAL '. Next to the differences of opinion, which one can find in any biography of Peladan, between Peladan, Stanislas de Guaita and especially Papus, Peladan was also a convinced Catholic and strong defender of the Catholic Church. His loyalty to the Catholic Church gave him much credit by the Church. His writings and his Order were never condemned by the Church, unlike the Kabbalistic Order of the Rose-Cross and personalities such as Papus. Here we find the same contrast as we can find approximately 50 years later between Constant Chevillon and the F.U.D.O.S.I.

The differences between Josephin Peladan and the Kabbalistic Order of the Rose-Cross resulted in the famous 'La guerre des deux Roses' ( ' War of the Roses' ). Fifty years later the differences between Chevillon and the F.U.D.O.S.I. would result in the founding of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I.. As stated before (part 6) the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. was established in defense of the Orders of Lyon and the other societies that were not involved with the F.U.D.O.S.I.

THE F.U.D.O.F.S.I.

Federation Universelle des Ordres Sociétés et Fraternités des Initiés

( Federation of Orders and Fraternities of Initiates )

The foundation of the F.U.D.O.S.I. in Brussels in 1934 caused a reaction within the world of Orders and Fraternities. The F.U.D.O.S.I. claimed to be the protector of all TRUE initiatic Orders and Societies. One can easily imagine the reaction of all the Orders and Fraternities which were not represented at the convention of 1934. Especially Constant Chevillon, head of numerous Orders and successor to Jean Bricaud, was not pleased with the decisions made in Brussels in 1934 (see Part 6 concerning the problems within the Memphis-Misraim Rite). The result of all the hostilities was the foundation of the "FEDERATION UNIVERSELLE DES ORDRES SOCIETES ET FRATERNITES DES INITIES", aka F.U.D.O.F.S.I. This Federation was an alliance mainly between Reuben Swinburne Clymer(*1), head of the FRATERNITATIS ROSAE CRUCIS, and Constant Chevillon, head of the ORDRE MARTINISTE DE LYON.

The F.U.D.O.F.S.I. was mainly established to act against Harvey Spencer Lewis. This statement is confirmed in a letter, written by Clymer, adressed to Chevillon (dated:1935/12/12). Chevillon appointed Clymer as "Commandeur des Chevaliers de L'Ordre du Saint-Graal" (Commander of the Knights of the Order of the Holy Grail) of France.

The first meeting of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. took place in Paris in february 1939. Those present : Reuben Swinburne Clymer, Alfred I. Sharp, Count Jean de Czarnomsky, Constant Chevillon, Henri-Charles Dupont, Henri Dubois, Raoul Fructus ( former member of the F.U.D.O.S.I. , see: part 5), Andre Fayolle, Nauwelaerts, Laugenier, and Camille Savoir. They were later joined by Hans Rudolf Hilfiker-Dunn (Heir apparent to Reuss) and Arnoldo Krumm-Heller. Chevillon consecrated Krumm-Heller a Bishop of the E.G.U.

August Reichel, who left the F.U.D.O.S.I. in '35, joined the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. after he failed to arrange an agreement with Chevillon concerning the problems with the F.U.D.O.S.I. Not much is known about the F.U.D.O.F.S.I., because soon after the first meeting in 1939 Europe went to war ..... In 1944 Constant Chevillon was shot by the Gestapo. The dream was over......

The Organization of Chevillon and Clymer "existed mostly on paper and was not as successful as the F.U.D.O.S.I. itself, primarily because Clymer did not have the resources that A..M.O.R.C. was making available to the F.U.D.O.S.I. Also, the outbreak of hostilities in Europe prevented the development of Clymer's efforts" (source: Trophimus " A Martinist Treasury")

The following Orders and Societies were represented on the first convention in 1939 :

1 L'ORDRE MARTINISTE-MARTINEZISTE de LYON

2 L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE

3 ORDER OF KNIGHT MASONS ELUS COHEN OF THE UNIVERSE

4 THE ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS MIZRAIM

5 ORDRE DE SAINT GRAAL

6 ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS (Switzerland*2)

7 FRATERNITAS ROSICRUCIANA ANTIQUA

8 FRATERNITAS ROSAE CRUCIS

9 ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE CROIX (different lineage*3)

10 RITE ECOSSAIS RECTIFIE

11 BROTHERHOOD OF THE ILLUMINED BRETHREN OF THE ROSE-CROIX

The organizations listed above are some of the most well known Orders which participated within the F.U.D.O.F.S.I.

Although the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. ceased to exist during W.W.II, and was not re-established after the War, some of the former members contacted each other in 1947 and established a continuation of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I.

"Hans-Rudolf Hilfiker became active again in 1947 when together with Swinburne Clymer (1878-1966), he tried to create a WORLDWIDE ALLIANCE OF ROSICRUCIAN ORDERS. This was particularly successful in Rio de Janeiro where Clymer merged his organization with Krumm-Heller's. Hilfiker and Clymer actually met each other on Mai 7, 1947, and also in June 5, 1948 in Zuerich, Switzerland at the hotel "Baur-au-lac" (Koenig :"Consider the O.T.O.non existent" http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/consider.htm.)

NEXT : CHEVILLON, CLYMER, HILFIKER & KRUMM-HELLER , a short Biography

___________________________________________________

notes :

*1) Clymer's opinion regarding the F.U.D.O.S.I. : (from "The Rosicrucian Fraternity in America, Authentic and Spurious Organizations - Volume II", by dr.R. Swinburne Clymer, The Rosicrucian Foundation, Beverly Hall, Quakertown, Pa. blz. 415 -417

"In the scheme for the fabrication of the Amorc of Europe and the Rose Croix University for Belgium, "Dr." Lewis, alias Sar Alden, and his lawyer-Masonic confederate, "Dr." Mallinger, alias Sar Elgim, needed a personage around whom they could build the myth of the Venerable "Imperator pour l'Europe". They found the right material, as if made to order for their purpose, in a Mr.Danthine , a file clerk librarian in the town of Huy, Belgium, having a population of about 14,000. He is a credulous, timid and hesistant individual - rather effeminate and of the extremely negative type. Having always taken orders from others, he expresses no opinions of his own and does as he is told to do without questioning or hesitation. He is not an occultist or mystic, although he is well read and has acquired considerable information from books. He is a stay-at-home body, excludes himself and is seldom seen at public functions. In recent years he has only appeared at three meetings or gatherings, one at a reunion of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, when he paraded with Mallinger and received the honors of the Column of the North. Another time he appeared at a meeting of the AMORC in Brussels, where he undertook to announce that all poilitical views would be foreign to the organization, and finally at the Congress of Clandestinism, held in Brussels in August 1934, at which time and place the role assigned to him was to sing the praise of the 'Great Imperator of America', which, according to all accounts, he did very well. This is the man whom Lewis and Mallinger selected to be the mythical and venerable head of their recently fabricated and spurious R.C. Order and sham Rose Croix University in Belgium. They gave him the title of "Sar" and the nom de plume of Hieronymus and introduced him to the world as the Venerable Imperator of Europe and the Dean of the Rose Croix University of Belgium. However, all the affairs and business of the fabrication are arranged and attended to by Mallinger and their venerable myth is discreetly kept in the background and is inaccessible except when he has been schooled and carefully instructed for the occasion and the function he is to perform.

Mr. Danthine is a good man. Within himself he is harmless and is respected by his neighbors. However, he is of the negative, credulous type and in the hands of Lewis and Mallinger, his lawyer associate, he has become their willing and passive tool, without realizing they have made a myth of him and are using him as "window dress" for the accomplishment of their nefarious schemes and infamous purposes."

*2) The O.T.O. is listed here as one of the participating Orders, represented by Hans-Rudolf Hilfiker-Dunn and Chevillon for the O.T.O. of France. But in a letter which Hilfiker wrote to Chevillon, dated 13 June !936, he stated:" DESPITE THE FACT THAT HEINRICH TRAENKER PROCLAIMS HIMSELF O.H.O. ... THE O.T.O. DIED TOGETHER WITH REUSS" and regarding Aleister Crowley (who proclaimed himself O.H.O already in 1923), Hilfiker suggested they "CONSIDER THE O.T.O. NON EXISTENT " (Koenig :"Consider the O.T.O.non existent" http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/consider.htm.)

As mentioned before, Hilfiker was the 'Heir Apparant" to Reuss (incl. his Charters), founder of the O.T.O. who died in 1923.

*3) The "ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE CROIX " at the time was divided into two "Lineages" due to the schism after the death of Teder (successor of Papus) within the ORDRE MARTINISTE. Victor Blanchard would have succeeded Teder, but he disapproved of the masonic structure of the Martinist Order. This structure was an idea which was realized by Teder. In 1921 Blanchard would establish a new branch of the Martinist Order, which would become known as the "Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique" in 1934 at the convention in Brussels. The new successor of Teder was Jean Bricaud. Both Bricaud and Blanchard had a lineage to Papus, who was also the Grand Master of the O.K.R.C. at the time of his death in 1916.

Lineage 1: the successors of Stanislas de Guaita, founder of the O.K.R.C. [1861-1897]

- Francois Charles Barlet (Albert Faucheux) [1838-1921]

- Gerard Encausse (Papus)

- Charles Detre (Teder) [1855-1918]

- Lucien Mauchel (Sar Chamuel) [-1936]

- Victor Blanchard (Sar Yesir) [-1939]

- Pierre Augustin Chaboseau [-1946]

- Georges Lagreze [-1954?]

- Robert Ambelain [-1994]

Lineage 2:

- Francois Charles Barlet

- Gerard Encausse (Papus)

- Charles Detre (Teder)

- Jean Bricaud [1881-1934]

- Constant Chevillon (1880-1944)

- Charles-Henry Dupont [-1960]

- Phillipe Encausse [1906-1984]

8

"WHAT WOULD BE A WORLD WITHOUT THE MAGIC POWER OF LOVE OF BEAUTY AND HARMONY ? HOW WOULD A WORLD LOOK IF MADE AFTER A PATTERN FURNISHED BY MODERN SCIENCE ? A WORLD IN WHICH THE UNIVERSAL TRUTH WERE NOT RECOGNIZED COULD BE NOTHING ELSE BUT A WORLD FULL OF MANIACS AND FILLED WITH HALLUCINATIONS. IN SUCH A WORLD ART AND POETRY COULD NOT EXIST, JUSTICE WOULD BECOME A CONVENIENCE, HONESTY BE EQUIVALENT WITH IMBECILITY, TO BE TRUTHFUL WOULD BE TO BE FOOLISH, AND THE IDOL OF ' SELF' THE ONLY GOD WORTHY OF ANY CONSIDERATION."

-- Franz Hartmann, M.D. 'Magic: White and Black'

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F.U.D.O.F.S.I.

Biographies

Who's who within the F. U. D. O. F. S. I. .? Who were the leading figures within the organization ? Where did they come from? Which Orders did they represent ? For what reason did they attack Harvey Spencer Lewis ?

As we've already seen in Part 6 and 7, one of the aims of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. was to {quote} "CLEAN THE OCCULT WORLD", read : "act as an opposing force" towards the F.U.D.O.S.I. of Dantinne, Blanchard, and Lewis. Especially Lewis, we might add (as we've seen in Part 7; this statement is confirmed in a letter, written by Clymer, adressed to Chevillon, dated:1935/12/12). After the schizm within the Memphis-Misraim Rite (part 5 &.6), Chevillon looked for an alliance with the enemies of his opponents.

The 'attacks'of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. were mainly concentrated upon Harvey Spencer Lewis.

In the eyes of his opponents Lewis had broke with the 'Tradition' on several points :

Lewis created a "new system" of Initiation, which included a 'Home-correspondence course' (lessons by mail) and 'Sanctum-initiations'. A.M.O.R.C. members had to pay "membership-fees". The quick advancement of it's members through the degrees. A.M.O.R.C. started to publish and sell books upon mysticism. The advertising-campaigns to attract new members. etc.etc.

In the beginning of the 20th century the Traditional Orders still gathered in Lodges where the members received the instructions directly from the teacher, and this newly created system of A.M.O.R.C. was looked upon as a "blasphemy". The A.M.O.R.C. system of teaching combined with the advertising-campaigns proved to be succesful because it attracted a lot of new (paying-) members. This way, A.M.O.R.C. became one of the leading Initiatic Orders of the thirties with Grand Lodges all over the world. Also, this kind of "management" proved to be a financial success .... Financially, A.M.O.R.C. was, and still is, the richest mystical Order on the planet.

Next to the 'success' of A.M.O.R.C. , the claims made by Lewis, especially regarding the authority that was given to him by "the French Rosicrucian-Order" and a certain E.L.A.M.M. Massananda Khan (see:part 6- the letter of Chevillon), were received with mixed feelings. To cut a long story short, A.M.O.R.C. was looked upon as "a business" and a fraud ! Especially by the members of ... ... ... the F.U.D.O.F.S.I.

THE LEADING MEN

CONSTANT CHEVILLON 1880- 1944

Profound thinker and indefatigable worker, dividing his time between Paris and Lyon, successor to Jean Bricaud, head of "the Orders of Lyon". The most well known and prolific Orders Chevillon headed were :

THE ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS MISRAIM

THE ORDER OF KNIGHT MASONS ELUS COHEN OF THE UNIVERSE

The latter is better known as 'ORDRE MARTINISTE de LYON' or 'ORDRE MARTINISTE-MARTINEZISTE de LYON'.

One has to understand that before the foundation of the 'Martinist Order' in 1891 by Papus and Chaboseau, " the name "Martiniste"designated the disciples of Martinez de Pasqually, then the Martinisme of Lyon descending from the Elus Cohen of Willermoz, or the Russian Martinisme, branch of the Elus Cohen established in Russia.

But at the end of the 19th. century, Papus created in the company of Augustin Chaboseau, an Ordre Martiniste whose essentail goal was the study of the works of Louis Claude de St. Martin, the 'Philosophe Inconnu', from where, today, the confusion exists between Martiniste and Elus Cohen. Afterwards, Papus became Grand Master of the M:.M:., all the while developing his L'Ordre Martiniste'. At the death of Papus, his successor, Teder, initiated in the Martinisme of Lyon (Elus Cohen), planned to reform the L'Ordre Martiniste of Papus, but death prevented him from realizing his plan.

Jean Bricaud succeeded him, taking up again the idea of reform, in presiding over the l'Ordre Martiniste of Lyon and that of Papus which became the INTERNATIONAL OCCULTIST SOCIETY (S.O.I.), where he regrouped all the profane , reserving the Order of Elus Cohen (Martiniste de Lyon) to masons of High Grades. At the death of Bricaud, C.Chevillon took up the torch and definitively cut the relation between the Rite of Memphis Misraim and the Elus Cohen from a part, and the S.O.I. from the other part, of which he named Mme Bricaud as president."

(source; "Introduction to the True Face of French Masonry", Rene Chambellant http://members.dynasty.net/merlin/chevil.htm)

Chevillon was also Patriarch of the 'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE'.

During the 2nd worldwar, his employers sent him out into the provinces where he complained about not being able to work. "He felt prowling around him the shadow of his premature death, and he was suffering from not being able to express the whole message that he was carrying". Certain of his letters showed him in despair of his forced inaction. Interrogated two times by the official police, he was arrested at Mme Bricaud's house on March, 25 1944.

"Taken by persons unknown, he was found the next day assassinated in the Lyonaisse neighborhood" ("True Face ..... R.Chambellant).

Officially it is stated that Chevillon was murdered by the Gestapo, authorized by the Vichy-regime. His executioners were members of the 'Parti Populaire Francais' and the 'M.S.R.', groups of collaborating Frenchmen.

Some of the works he wrote:

"Du neant a L'etre" -1942

"Et verbum caro factum est" -1944

"La tradition Universelle, -1946 re-edition

"Reflexion sur le temple social" -1936 etc. etc. In "Reflexion sur le Temple social" Chevillon describes his "Utopia". Chevillon was a socialist at heart. His Utopia could therefore be described as a world of Spiritual Socialism. The book reflects his devotion to a political concept which comes from within. A concept which was also to be found at the base of the teachings of the 'Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim', of which Chevillon was Grand Master. Historically the M:.M:. has always been an oasis for progressive thinking and socialistic philosophies, or as the french describe it, an "enclave reactionnaire"... ... ... Chevillon was succeeded by Charles-Henry Dupont. Dupont decided on December 12, 1958 that the 'ORDRE MARTINISTE de LYON' had to merge with the 'FEDERATION DES ORDRES MARTINISTES', a federation founded by Philippe Encausse (son of Papus) which aim was to reunite all the Martinist Orders.

REUBEN SWINBURNE CLYMER 1878-1966

Founder of the 'FRATERNITAS ROSAE CRUCIS', established around 1920. He claimed to be representing the 'BROTHERHOOD OF EULIS', founded by Pascal Beverly Randolph (1825-1875), the first american R+C movement (1). His claims of being the heir of Randolph's lineage were "invallid", for whatever documents Clymer claimed to posses, he surely did not receive them from Randolph himself (it is stated by a few sources that the documents he "received" were bought by him from Randolph's widow). Clymer was also initiated (S.'.I.'.) into the Martinist Order of Papus by Margaret Peeke , General-Inspector for the United States. However, he never actually openly affiliated to the Martinist order.

"Clymer devoted much efforts and work to slander and attack A.M.O.R.C. and it's founder. They accused each other mutually of teaching "sexual-magick". The Clymer-Lewis intrigues are awfully complex, and increased to involve other groups such as the ROSICRUCIAN FELLOWSHIP (of Max Heindel)" and the S.R.I.A. of G.W.Plummer. "The whole case culminated in several court trials, which Clymer Lost."

One can easily understand why Clymer did want to coöperate with the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. of Chevillon. As mentioned before in Part 7, the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. was mainly established in the eyes of Clymer to act against Harvey Spencer Lewis. After the second worldwar Clymer tried to create a "Worldwide Alliance of Rosicrucian Orders". The alliance was particularly successful in Brasil where Clymer merged his organization with Krumm-Heller's (Fraternitas Rosicruciana Antiqua). Reuben Swinburne Clymer died in 1966, he was succeeded by his son Emerson. Today, the Order is led by Gerald E. Poesnecker. The headquarters of the F.R.C. are located in Quakertown, Pennsylvania. The occult societies that comprise the F.R.C. at present are :

THE PRIESTHOOD OF AETH

THE ROSICRUCIAN ORDER

THE SECRET SCHOOLS

THE HERMETIC BROTHERHOOD

FRATERNITAS ROSAE CRUCIS

TEMPLE OF THE ROSY CROSS

THE ORDER OF THE MAGI

SONS OF ISIS AND OSIRIS

ILLUMINATAE AMERICANAE

" It also includes the 'INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF INITIATES' and the 'CHURCH OF ILLUMINATION' which is the Outer Court or Gateway to the fraternity". (source:"Manifestations of the Neo-Rosicrucian current" http://www.canonbury.ac.uk/library/lectures/neo_rosicrucian.htm )

Some of the works of Dr.R.S.Clymer :

"The Book of Rosicruciae" In 3 volumes

"a Compendium of Occult Laws"

"Dr. Randolph and the Supr. Grand Dome of the R+C in France"

"The Rosicrucian Fraternity in America" In 2 volumes , including a lot of material (and accusations) on A.M.O.R.C.

ARNOLDO KRUMM-HELLER 1879-1949

"Krumm-Heller was a man of the world who travelled all over the globe". The German theosophist and homeopath Arnoldo Krumm-Heller received a Charter from Theodor Reuss at the esoteric congress of Paris in 1908, to establish the O.T.O. in South-America, were Krumm-Heller lived at the time. Krumm was a member of the THEOSOPHIC SOCIETY, were he was personally initiated by Henry Steel Olcott in 1897. In September 1902 he became a 'Honorable Member' of the 'INITIATES OF TIBET' in Washington D.C. He met Papus in 1906 who made him a 'Honorable Member' of the 'SUPREME CONSEIL d'INITIATION, ORDRE HUMANITAIRE ET SCIENTIFIQUE POUR LE DEVELOPEMENT DES ETUDES ESOTERIQUE DE l'ORIENT'. He was also initiated in THE MARTINIST ORDER at lodge "Hermanubis". He also received his initiation for the 90* and 95* grade of the MEMPHIS-MISRAIM RITE from Reuss and Heinrich Klein. (P.R.Koenig :"Baphomet and Rosycross"

http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/fra.htm

Around this time (1908) he had contact with the famous HERMETIC BROTHERHOOD OF LIGHT/LUXOR of Max Theon, Peter Davidson and Thomas H. Burgoyne. After the initiations he received, he started to spread the Martinist movement all over South-America, under the authority of Papus. When Reuss died in 1923, the O.T.O. was left without a successor. Although Aleister Crowley claimed to be the new O.H.O. (Just before Reuss died, Crowley wrote to Reuss that the O.T.O. was taken over by him, he declared himself as the new O.H.O., signing with his Nomen Mysticum "Baphomet"). The reality at the time of Reuss' death was as follows: "At the time of Reuss' death on October 28 1923, there are only two persons within the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS who actually received the 10th. Grade, the grade of 'REX SUMMUS SANCTISSIMUS' or 'SUPREMUS REX' , the grade for all national Grand Masters of the O.T.O. These persons are

HANS RUDOLF HILFIKER-DUNN

ARNOLDO KRUMM HELLER

P.R.Koenig :"Baphomet and Rosycross"

http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/fra.htm

"Hilfiker 'Heir apparent' to Reuss never claimed the O.H.O. , Krumm-Heller only claimed the "O.H.O of the F.R.A." In 1927 Krumm founded the FRATERNITAS ROSICRUCIANA ANTIQUA (The Order works with a system of 7 grades). All 'recognized' Orders of Krumm-Heller are focusing upon the Spanish- and Portuguese speaking countries of the globe. Most of the Orders with a lineage to Krumm can be found in South-America. "After the death of Reuss, Dr. Krumm-Heller (He actually was a Doctor, he studied medicine in Mexico) was associated with Crowley amongst others, although Krumm-Heller regarded himself as the true successor of Reuss". At the time, he initially gave H.Spencer Lewis authority to operate F.R.A. in the U.S. However, he later severed his ties with Lewis because he came to believe that A.M.O.R.C. was being operated as a business, rather than as a charitable fraternity. He later established ties with Clymer of the F.R.C. and participated in the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. During the second worldwar, Krumm was stuck in Germany. In 1949 he died, without appointing a successor. The different branches of the F.R.A. developed seperately under the leadership of the Grand Masters of each individual country. "Vain attempts to collect the Order was made by his son, Parsival Krumm-Heller and also Metzger (Swiss O.T.O. branch)". Many Orders survived, especially in South-America. In Europe there are a few 'unauthorized' branches, still existing today. In 1937, Eduard Münninger (1901-1965) headed an Order called FRATERNITAS CRUCIS AUSTRIA". After Krumm's death, Among other things, he claimed to be the successor of Krumm-Heller. Martin Erler advised Münninger to 'label' his compilation of Orders under the heading of A.A.O.R.R.A.C., the same name that was used by Reuss and Krumm-Heller in the twenties, and which was also used by Lewis for his Order. In reality, the whole Order was an invention of Münninger himself, and belonged to the German branch of A.M.O.R.C. at the time(2), under the leadership of MARTIN ERLER (Erler, still alive today, claims to be the successor of Emille Dantinne). Münninger dies in 1965. The A.A.O.R.R.A.C. is still active today, but the organization is no longer recognized by Erler and by Münninger's son, who heritaged the A.A.O.R.R.A.C. Karl Plank, who leads the Order today, works with a system which is a mix between A.M.O.R.C. and O.T.O. teachings .....

(P.R.Koenig :"Baphomet and Rosycross"

http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/fra.htm

"Ein Leben fuer die Rose"

http://www.dplanet.ch/users/prkoenig/books/rose.htm

HANS-RUDOLF HILFIKER-DUNN 1882-1955

On October 24, 1917 was founded the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS-Lodge "Libertas et Fraternitas" in Zürich (Switzerland), under Reuss and de Laban. "Some days before de Laban and Hilfiker had paid Reuss handsomely for their own O.T.O. charters. On these papers the O.T.O. was equaled with the Memphis-Misraim Rite. In 1919 Reuss founded a "SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE CERNEAU SCOTTISH RITE" for Switzerland, Hilfiker was made an official of the Council. On May 12, 1920 Hilfiker was made a 33*, 90*, 95* (M.'.M.'.) by Johnny Bricaud. After Reuss died in 1923, all of his Charters and official documents went over to his successor, Hans-Rudolf Hilfiker-Dunn. As we've seen before, Hilfiker never claimed the position of "Outer Head of the Order" (O.H.O.), in 1936 he wrote in a letter to Chevillon : "Despite the fact that Tränker proclaims himself OHO .... the O.T.O. died together with Reuss".

In 1939 Hilfiker participated within the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. After the second worldwar the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. did not continue, due to the tragical death of it's driven force, Constant Chevillon. But Hilfiker wanted to continue the idea of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. by trying to create a "Worldwide Alliance of Rosicrucian Orders", together with Swinburne Clymer of the F.R.C. The idea became quite succesful in South-America, particulairly in Brasil, where the F.R.C. merged with the F.R.A. of Krumm-Heller. Hilfiker died in 1955. (Koenig :"Consider the O.T.O.non existent" http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/consider.htm.)

AUGUST REICHEL

August Reichel was Grand Master of an obscure Order called the CONFRÉRIE DES FRÉRES ILLUMINÉS DE LA ROSE+CROIX (BROTHERHOOD OF THE ILLUMINATED BRETHREN OF THE ROSE-CROIX) and a faithfull disciple of Jollivet-Castelot, who headed the ASSOCIATION ALCHIMIQUE de FRANCE. Reichel was involved in several continental Orders, was a close friend of Theodor Reuss (O.T.O.) In 1934 he represented A.M.O.R.C. as Grand Master for Switzerland (replacing Edouard Bertholet) on the first congress of the F.U.D.O.S.I. in 1934. He also represented the "Confrérie des Fréres Illuminés ..", the "Ordre des Samaritains Inconnus" and the "Association Alchimique de France" at the same congress. He was also chosen in Brussels as a member of the "Souverain Conseil" for the "Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim", and he received the 33th and 90th degree of the same Rite. As we've seen in Parts 6 and 7, the decisions made in Brussels concerning the M.'.M.'.Rite were overruled by the Obedience of France, headed by Chevillon. Reichel tried to negotiate with Chevillon, but did not succeed. He then decided to break his relationship with the F.U.D.O.S.I. and joined the opposition in Paris and Lyon .......

Jan Korwin Czarnomski/ Count Jean de Czarnomsky

The Pole Czarnomsky represented the Martinists in Poland, Greece, and Madagascar.In 1935 was made 90* and 95* of Memphis-Misraim at Warsaw for the "La Pyramide du Nord en la Vallee de la Vistule" Lodge N* 16, and the "Pelican a L'Aube Naissante' Rosicrucian Chapter N* 3", and retained these posts until these lodges were closed. "In 1937 he created an offshoot of the anti-Semitic Austrian "World League of Illuminati" group in Warsaw, already in 1938 these lodges were closed down. In 1939 he became active in the ranks of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. He called upon Krumm-Heller, Hilfiker, and others to join him. Jan Czarnomski was murdered by the Gestapo on June 25th 1944, two months after Chevillon.

(P.R.Koenig :"Templars, Illuminatie+the Fraternitas Saturni"

http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/illumin.htm )

CAMILLE SAVOIR

Savoir was a close friend of Constant Chevillon and a (famous) Mason. He headed (and renovated) the RITE ECOSSAIS RECTIFICÉ (the Scottish Rectified Rite). The R.E.R. was the Masonic Rite which was incorporated within the "Martinist Order of Lyon". Savoir was also involved in the development of the G.L.N.F. (Grand Loge National Francaise) in 1913 and the "Grand Prieuré des Gaules" , founded in 1935. The G.L.N.F. is the only French Obedience which was (and is) recognized by the English Grand Lodge of Freemasonry. He was a member of the "Grand-Orient" and the "Memphis-Misraim Rite".

****************************************************************

notes :

1) Pascal Beverly Randolph (1825-1875), founder of a Rosicrucian Order in the U.S., established around 1861 under the name of 'BROTHERHOOD OF EULIS'. In the years before, he travelled all over the world (Egypt, Palestine, Turkey, Europe) and met several prominent esoteric figures, amongst others the famous french occultist Eliphas Lévi. During these visits he learnt a lot of practical occult techniques, and the use of hashish, which was a real "revelation" to Randolph. He also 'introduced' sexual magic into his teachings. The actual teachings are similar to those of the famous european Order called the 'HERMETIC BROTHER OF LUXOR' of which he met a lot of members when visiting France and England. He called himself a Rosicrucian, always stating that the source of the"higher wisdom" he possessed, was a knowledge received through attunement. In this chapter i use the phrase "the first american R+C movement" in relation to Randolph's Order. The statement is purely based on the actual use of the word "Rosicrucian" by Randolph in relation to his Order (Randolph also described himself as a "Rosicrucian" ). As far as i know, Randolph was the first person or movement in the U.S. to actually use this term.

2) Martin Erler was Grand Master of A.M.O.R.C. in Germany from 1949 up to 1955. Martin Erler, still alive today, is an interesting character, mainly because of his backgroud. Erler (Frater Albinus) belonged to a family which were close friends with the famous rosicrucian writer Gustav Meyrink (1868-1932). Meyrink lived for the most of his life in Prague. In 1893 Meyrink became a member of the "SOCIETAS ROSICRUCIANA in ANGLIA", headed at the time by Dr. William Wynn Wescott, who was also one of the founders and leaders of the HERMETIC ORDER OF THE GOLDEN DAWN. Later on he moved to Vienna, where he was one of the leading officials of the Lodge "Der Blauen Stern" where he met the successor of Mdm.Blavatsky, Annie Besant of the THEOSOPHIC SOCIETY. In 1907 he moved to Münich. Gustav Meyrink was the last (known) Grand Master of the 'ASIAC BRETHREN' (FRATRES LUCIS) in the city of Prague. He was also Grand master of the old German- based 'ORDO ROSAE CRUCIS'. His widow and some friend re-united the Lodge after the second worldwar (There's no official document/charter which proves the validity of the "A.Brethren" which Meyrink headed) . A certain Frater Victorius became the new Grand Master. It was this group Martin Erler joined at the age of 27 (probably). At the same time he joined A.M.O.R.C of which fr. Albinus was also a member. In 1949 he became Grand Master of A.M.O.R.C. in Germany. In 1953 he started to have "problems" with Ralph Maxwell Lewis, the Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. Erler left A.M.O.R.C. in 1955, taking a lot of members with him. In 1957 he was initiated by Emille Dantinne and after Dantinne died in 1969, Erler became his successor*. The whole picture makes the movement of which Erler claims to be the 'heir' most interesting. The movement has a direct lineage to the old German Rosicrucian Order and a direct lineage to the various Orders headed by Emille Dantinne and Jean Mallinger ! It seems that this movement is still "active", but working in complete "silence"....

*Colleagues of the writer of this forum are in contact with Martin Erler, and they've found "evidence" that Erler might not be the rightful heir of Dantinne. It seems that Dantinne personally initiated several people next to Erler, who claim the same position as Erler does. Again, these statements are still not certain but we've seen these developments many times before within the world of esoteric Orders and fraternities......

9

"WHERE THE FLESH OF THE FOOTSOLE CLINGETH ON THE BURNING STONES IS THEIR PLACE ;

WHERE THE DEMONS WHIP THEM WITH WIRES ON THE BURNING STONES OF WIDE HELL, WATCHING THE BLESSED ONES MOVE FAR OFF, AND THE SMILE ON GOD'S FACE,

BETWEEN THEM A GATEWAY OF BRASS, AND THE HOWL OF THE ANGELS WHO FELL ..."

' The Wanderings of Oisin ' Book III 1889

W. B. Yeats 1865-1939

**************************************

F.U.D.O.S.I. - the 2nd, 3rd , and 4th CONVENTION. THE SECOND WORLD-WAR 1939-1945

September 1936 ; THE SECOND CONVENTION :

Two years after the foundation of the F.U.D.O.S.I. the Second Convention was held in September 1936, again in Brussels, Belgium. As we have seen before, the foundation of the federation in 1934 stirred up a commotion among the fraternal Orders and Societies. There were problems within the Memphis-Misraim Rite, problems which eventually resulted in a second " War of the Roses" between the F.U.D.O.S.I. and the Orders of Lyon, headed by Constant Chevillon.

The hostilities between the F.U.D.O.S.I. and Chevillon was an item on the agenda of the second Convention. One of the dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. lost his membership, namely August Reichel. As stated in part 6, Reichel (Sar Amertis) decided to leave the F.U.D.O.S.I. in 1935 in favour of Chevillon…

On this convention Ralph Maxwell Lewis (Sar Validivar) received his initiation into Martinism. He received the S:::I:::IV degree, the "Initiators-Degree" titled "Philosophe Inconnu " . Ralph M. Lewis was initiated by Victor Blanchard (Sar Yesir) into the 'Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique' (and NOT into the 'Ordre Martiniste Traditionelle / Traditional Martinist Order , as some tend to believe ). Next to R.M.Lewis, Spencer Lewis' wife and K.Brower of A.M.O.R.C. also received their Martinist initiation, they received the S:::I::: degree, the third degree of traditional Martinism, called "Superieur Inconnu".

At the time, the F.U.D.O.S.I. did not recognize the ' Ordre Martiniste Traditionelle' (TMO). As certified in 1934 on the first congress, the F.U.D.O.S.I. only recognized Blanchard's ' Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique' .

Ralph M. Lewis also "received his Rosicrucian Degrees" according to Fr. Fudicius from Argentina. If this is true, he probably refers to the 13th. Degree of the 'Ordre Universitaire de la Rose-Croix'' of Emile Dantinne (Sar Hieronymus). The 13th. degree was titled the 'Imperator's Degree'. Lewis was indeed initiated into this degree by Dantinne. Some sources state that his father, Harvy Spencer Lewis was also initiated into this degree by Dantinne but this is probably untrue, because Lewis Senior was already initiated into the Order as an Imperator in Toulouse, back in 1909. (1)

August 1937 ; THE THIRD CONVENTION :

This third Convention took place in August 1937 in Paris, France, at the Temple of the 'FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES' / 'THE POLAIRE BROTHERHOOD' on the "Avenue Junot" in Montmartre. The ' Fraternite des Polaires' belonged to the F.U.D.O.S.I. and were represented by Victor Blanchard (Sar Yesir), who became President of the brotherhood back in 1933. As we already know, Blanchard acted also as one of the three Imperators of the Federation.

Not much is known about the items on the agenda. The sources only mention Harvey Spencer Lewis who received the authorization to act as the Sovereign delegate ('Souverain Légat') of the "MARTINIST ORDER & SYNARCHY/ Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique" in the United States. The document was signed by Victor Blanchard (Paul Yesir), Lydie Martin (Sar Nitram), and Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim). Victor Blanchard and Lydie Martin both acted as the official representatives of the ' O.M & S'.

One of my sources reports that the document is dated July 9, 1937 and was given to Mr. Lewis by decree , another source states that H. Spencer Lewis received the actual authorization at the Congress, in August 1937.

September 4 - 10 , 1939 ; THE FOURTH CONVENTION :

The Federation returned to Brussels where they gathered on the fourth of September 1939 in the temples of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

The convention took place over 6 days during which the members of the council had to deal with the replacement of the Imperators Victor Blanchard (Paul Yesir) and Harvey Spencer Lewis (Sar Alden).

Blanchard had been expelled from the F.U.D.O.S.I., because he "auto-consecrated himself as the Universal Grand Master of the Rose-Croix and of all the Initiatic Orders of the world",as is stated in 'Addendum 6 : Victor Blanchard ' .

H.Spencer Lewis had to be replaced due to his death, one month before the convention, on August 2, 1939.

"It is Jeanne Guesdon (Sar Puritia ), Grandsecretary of A.M.O.R.C.-France, who warned Jean Mallinger by telephone and, at the same occasion, announced to him the arrival of Spencer Lewis' daughter and son-in-law in Paris, the next day." "Jeanne Guesdon will travel with them to Brussels on tuesday evening, whereas the official AMORC delegation will arive seperately". "Mallinger informed fr.Wittemans and Grueter of this tragic event and in addition he phoned Mrs. Lelarge (mother of Leon Lelarge/ Sar Agni, secretary of Sar Hieronymus) and asked her to warn Emile Dantinne".

Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim) writes to his friend Leon Lelarge (Sar Agni):

" The unforeseen death of Sar Alden causes an acute problem concerning his succession. Our task will be difficult, and i'll forward this letter to our Grandmaster informing him that at present there are 2 candidates: H.Spencer Lewis' son and Grandmaster Thor Kimaletho".

" In spite of the errors (1) he made, I have a fond memory of Sar Alden, because he understood and recognized the superiority of our Master" ( taken from the "Leon Lelarge-files" , 2)

Concerning the succession of Dr.H.Spencer Lewis, it was Spencer Lewis himself who appointed his son, Ralph Maxwell Lewis as his successor in his last Will. His choice was proposed to the members of the council on August, 12 1939. On the convention Ralph M. Lewis acted officially as the Imperator of AMORC, and was installed as Imperator of the ' Triumvirat', which formed the leadership of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

Returning to Blanchard's dismissal, it is quite clear why he was dismissed (addendum-6) Blanchard was 100% convinced of his authority as the new Universal Grand Master of the Rose-Croix AND of all the initiatic orders of the entire world . But who or what gave him the idea that he was the new Universal Grand Master ? that's an intrigueing question .

The cause of Blanchard's conviction can be found within one of the initiatic Orders to which Blanchard belonged, namely the ' FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES / the POLAIRE BROTHERHOOD '. Blanchard became President of this brotherhood in 1933.

The Polaire Brotherhood is not generally known in the English speaking world .

" According to the legend of its foundation, the Polaire Brotherhood had its origin in the meeting between Mario Fille, and the mysterious hermit Father Julian in 1908 in the hills north of Rome. Father Julian gave Mario Fille a sheaf of old parchments which included a divinatory method called "the oracle of the astral force ".The oracle allowed the brotherhood to enter into communication with the "Esoteric Rosicrucian Centre in the Himalayas", directed by the "Three Supreme Sages" or the "Little Lights of the Orient" who proposed to prepare them for "the coming of the Spirit under the sign of the Rose and Cross". And it was "the Oracle of the Astral Force" which gave Blanchard the idea that he was the new Universal Grand Master of the Rose-Croix…

"He sent a proclamation to each Grand Master of the federation, which requested allegiance and recognition of his new dignity", as was stated in Addendum 6. It just happens that I've recently received a copy of the original document , dated July 14, 1938

here's a translation of the header and the first paragraph :

To Sar Hieronymus

Brussels

My dearest Brother,With great pleasure I bring to your attention that the Centre of Agartha, to which I am, as you already know, directly connected, handed over several magical objects and documents that once belonged to Christian Rosenkreutz, founder of the Rosicrucians…

The rest is history ….. Blanchard was expelled from the F.U.D.O.S.I. and was also replaced in all of the other high offices he held. Blanchard 's successor as Grand Master of the 'Ordre Kabbalistique de la Rose+Croix' was Augustin Chaboseau.

Because of Blanchard's expulsion, the ' ORDRE MARTINISTE & SYNARCHIQUE' and the ' FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES', which stayed loyal to Blanchard, also left the F.U.D.O.S.I.

Despite of the so called " loyalty" to Blanchard of the " ORDRE MARTINISTE & SYNARCHIQUE", many members left the order to join the ' ORDRE MARTINISTE TRADITIONNEL / TRADITIONAL MARTINIST ORDER' of Victor Emile Michelet and Augustin Chaboseau. As we already know the original Martinist Order had it's problems after Papus died in 1916. A lot of Martinists left the Order when Teder, and after him, especially Bricaud , changed the Order into a Martinist Order built on a Masonic foundation. The other Martinists eventually re-organized under the leadership of Victor Blanchard. But Victor Emile Michelet did not recognize Blanchard as Grand Master. He founded the TMO in 1931. In 1938 he died and was succeeded by Augustin Chaboseau (who was, together with Papus, the original founder of the 'Suprême Conseil de L'Ordre Martiniste' back in 1891).

Among the Martinists who left Blanchard were Jeanne Guesdon and George Lagreze (MIKAEL), who were both dignitaries of the 'Ordre Martiniste & Synarchique'.

George Lagreze belonged to the 'Conseil Suprême Traditionnel' of the TMO. The choice of the TMO as a replacement of the OM&T was an obvious choice.

On the first of September , 1939 Ralph Maxwell Lewis receives the S:::I::: grade from Lagreze. On the same day Lewis also receives the S:::I::: INITIATEUR (IV*), both signed by Chaboseau.

Emile Dantinne also received the TMO-degrees after he left Blanchard's O.M.&.S.

Ralph M. Lewis requested to install a Martinist Council of the TMO in the United States. His request was honoured , Lewis received a charter as 'Sovereign Delegate and regional Grand Master of the TMO for the United States'

This way the Conseil Suprême Régional et Synarchie des Etats-Unis' was founded. The council consisted of 5 members :

Ralph Maxwell Lewis, Cecil A. Poole, Orlando T. Perrotta, James R. Whitcomb and J. Duane Freeman.

Augustin Chaboseau and George Lagreze were both interested in a Order called the 'ORDRE DU LYS ET DE L' AIGLE / ORDER OF THE LILY & THE EAGLE'. They were both that interested that each S:::I::: of the TMO received automatically the 4th grade ('COMMANDEUR' ) of the 'ORDRE DU LYS ET DE L' AIGLE'. This explains why the F.U.D.O.S.I. approached the Order , which was founded in 1914 by Démétrius Platon Sémélas ( Déon )., to join the F.U.D.O.S.I.

Another fraternity that joined the F.U.D.O.S.I. was the ' UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE', founded by Dr. Tarlo Mazinski in 1937.

Augustin Chaboseau also succeeded Blanchard as Imperator of the ' Supreme Trinity" of the F.U.D.O.S.I. The new triangle was composed of the following imperators:

EMILE DANTINNE

RALPH MAXWELL LEWIS

PIERRE-AUGUSTIN CHABOSEAU

P>Another point of concern were the developments in Germany. The so called ' Edict of 1938' from the Reichsfuehrer prohibited all Order-activities in Germany (in Italy Masonry was already prohibited in 1925). And …. In September 1939 (the month of the 4th congress) Hitler invaded Poland ….

1940 – 1945 THE YEARS OF OCCUPATION

As stated before, the Nazi's prohibited all Order-activities, especially Masonry and other Initiatic Orders, Societies, and Brotherhoods. (Even the ' THULE- GESELLSCHAFT, a pro Nazi-Brotherhood, was prohibited by the Gestapo in 1942). All gatherings, publications etc. were forbidden by the Nazi's. The archives of the Orders were confiscated and often destroyed. There was a special branch within the S.S. called ' AHNENERBE' , the " Ancestral Heritage Society", lead by Heinrich Himmler himself, who were reponsible for this. Many members of Occult, Secret and Mystical Societies and Orders were arrested and put into the concentration-camps or shot by a firing-squad.

This happened also to one of the most prominent Order-leaders at the time, Constant Chevillon (part 6,7,8) , head of the Orders of Lyon.

In fact, Chevillon was assassinated by the Vichy-Regime ( Klaus Barbie /Gestapo). Mdm.Bricaud was under the assumption that Chevillon was murdered by the Gestapo, because he was the Grand Master of various Initiatic Orders. The explanation of Mdm.Bricaud (widow of Jean Bricaud, predecessor of Chevillon) is often used as the ' official version' of the attempt. But the Vichy-regime had a different motive.

THE ASSASSINATION OF CONSTANT CHEVILLON

On August 14, 1940 the Vichy-Regime (Petain) prohibited all Order-activities.

The whole affair started with Jeanne Canudo, member of the ' FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES'. She was a journalist and collaborated with the Nazi's. She worked for the "SERVICE DES SOCIETES SECRETES", a special department which monitored the Secret Societies, especially Freemasonry. Canudo played an important part in exposing the followers of the Synarchy-movement (Addendum 7). In 1941 the S.S.S. searched the house of Hans Grueter (A.M.O.R.C.-France), where they found a lot of documentation, papers, official Order-material etc., especially documentation concerning A.M.O.R.C. and .... the MEMHIS-MISRAIM RITE !

The documents on the M.'.M.'.Rite were the evidence the S.S.S. needed to confirm their suspicion (Chevillon was the G.M. of the Rite, see: part 6).

The Gestapo raided Chevillon's home (date unknown) were they found among other things several documents concerning the Synarchy-movement and a document of the "Synarchical Pact", which he received in confidence from ....... Jeanne Canudo. Chevillon wanted to compare the ideas of Saint-Yves d' Alveydre (founder of "Synarchy", see: Addendum 7) with the documents that he received from Canudo.

This "Pact" had it's source in the ' FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES". Certain members founded the "Comite Synarchique Central en Mouvement Synarchique

d' Empire". This group was pro-fascist by nature and against a parliamentary system, and wanted to overthrow the French government. The whole story is very complicated, but we think that the Nazi's suspected that Chevillon was one of the conspirators. The Nazi's considered the "Synarchic(al) Pact" as a rival.

The story ends on March 23, 1944, somewhere outside Lyon, when Constant Chevillon faced a firing-squad, formed by a pseudo police-unit. In reality they were collaborating Frenchmen , by order of the ' Parti Populaire Francais" and the 'M.S.R.' ... ... ...

Many members and dignitaries of the initiatic brotherhoods and societies were threaten with their lives or simply put into concentration-camps.

Robert Ambelain, a close friend of Chevillon, had a wife and child both deported to the concentration-camps. Jean Mallinger was constantly persecuted by the Gestapo.

Fr. Hutin (Sar Pascal), who was the Archon of 'forreign affairs' for the 'ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE et MYSTIQUE' (Order of Hermes), was arrested in Cherbourg, France. He was deported to "Camp-Neuengam" were he died in Februari, 1945. Nico Wolff (Sar Ignis) was arrested on March 5, 1943 and deported to 'Camp Flossenburg' were he died on April 22, 1943, after prolonged torturing. Raoul Fructus , who was the chairman of the Grand-Council of the Memphis-Misraim Rite (under the F.U.D.O.S.I., part 5-6), died after his deportation in 1945.

and the list goes on and on ......

Many members were persecuted and many had to pay with their lives, especially within the Masonic community. There's a Monument in Brussels, Belgium , in memory of all the Freemasons who'd lost their lives under the Nazi-regime.

Many Order-members were active in the resistance. For instance Leon Lelarge (Sar Agni), who acted as a go-between for Emile Dantinne (Sar Hieronymus) and the other members. There was no direct communication possible with Dantinne (Dantinne used this ' technique' also before and after the war). Lelarge worked for the Belgian railways (N.M.B.S.) and joined the resistance in 1943. Sabotage of the railway-system was his specialty. After the liberation he became the vice-president of the N.M.B.S.

Another member who joined the resistance was Sar Lampas, also from the area around Huy in Belgium (hometown of Dantinne and Lelarge). His house was used for ritual working and gatherings.

All countries of western-Europe suffered under the Nazi-regime, keeping all Order-activities on a low profile. Except for Switzerland, which kept it's neutrality (a dubious form of neutrality, but anyway...). The 'ORDRE MARTINISTE & SYNARCHIQUE' of Victor Blanchard directed it's activities to Switzerland. The war had its impact on the Initiatic Order and Societies. A lot of the activities were directed towards the United States (this explains the 'boom' of new Martinist Orders just after the war in the United States and Canada).

A painful ' incident' took place just after the war, when Emile Dantinne (Sar Hieronymus) was arrested by the Belgian police. He was accused of active collaboration with the Nazi's. Several citizens of the town of Huy (his domicile) testified in court that Dantinne betrayed several fellow citizens during the war to the local German authorities. Dantinne was defended by Jean Mallinger , who was a lawyer by profession. Leon Lelarge testified in favour of Dantinne. The whole affair ended in a withdrawal of the accusations, leavin' Dantinne a broken man who didn't dare to show himself in public at the time ...

The question remains today, was Emille Dantinne a collaborator with pro-German ideas? A difficult question. The facts are that Dantinne was taken to court, as stated above, and that he wrote certain documents (dated october 12, 1941) in which he openly discriminated the Jewish race, as stated in part 7. At the same time, some of his closest companions (Leon Lelarge) were members of the Belgian resistance !

In his book "Une police politique de Vichy: le Service des Sociétés Secrètes" , Lucien Sabah states that Dantinne wrote the documents to act as a kind of diversionary manoeuvre. The manoeuvre refered to the raid on the house of Hans Grueter, one month before the documents were written ! As we've seen before Hans Grueter was also a F.U.D.O.S.I. member …..

… Interesting statement

NEXT : F.U.D.O.S.I., THE FINAL YEARS 1946 - 1951

notes :

1) Many prominent F.U.D.O.S.I.- members did not believe that Harvey Spencer Lewis was initiated in (or near by) Toulouse in 1909. Here's a translation from a letter written by Jean Mallinger , in which Mallinger refers to their disbelief. The letter is adressed to August Reichel, dated: July 1935.

" Without denying the extraordinary activity of Lewis' A.M.O.R.C., it is a wellknown fact, if one speaks about A.M.O.R.C. in a circle which is not well informed, the audience will only refer to Spencer Lewis and his methods. But I can tell you this, no serious initiate will accept the American methods, and no serious initiate will believe the "Toulouse-adventure" of Spencer Lewis. This is the formal opinion of F.Sjalung from Copenhagen, of Probst, and of Mikael ….. letter continues "

The letter is adressed to August Reichel of the ORDRE ANCIEN ET MYSTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX and the CONFRERIE DES FRERES ILLUMINES DE LA ROSE+CROIX, and deals with the abbreviation "A.M.O.R.C". which was used by several organizations, in one way or another. The "Ordre Ancien et Mystique de la Rose-Croix" from Switzerland probably did not use the Lewis-teachings at the time. Up to 1937 A.M.O.R.C.-Switzerland was an independent organization, not affiliated to A.M.O.R.C. On an official document, dated August 14 (the first congress) 1934, the Swiss organization is called ORDRE R+C de SUISSE. The document is signed by Marc Lanval.

Another indication that the "Toulouse-Adventure" is an invention of Harvey Spencer Lewis is a document, which belongs to the files of the F.U.D.O.S.I., in which Harvey Spencer Lewis states that the whole story of his initiation in Toulouse is an invention of Lewis himself. This document is in the hands of the successor of Jean Mallinger.

Another interesting article :THE SUN, June 19, 1918. In this article (concerning Lewis' arrest) H.Spencer Lewis states that he never claimed to be operating a R+C branch affiliated to the French Rosicrucians:

(excerpt)

GRAND IMPERATOR, GRIEVED AT ARREST, SPENT NIGHT IN A CELL

"Half a dozen detectives attached to the District Attorney's office were examining effects, meaning sateen sashes, robes and other regalia - taken in the raid of the headquarters of the so-called American Order of the Rosae Crucis….

Grand Imperator Lewis was arrested on Monday night in a spectacular raid on the headquarters of his organization in the old Lily Langtry house at 361 West Twenty-third Street…

From his home in Flushing last night Lewis told a reporter for The Sun that at no time had his organization - the Ancient and Mystical Order of Rosae Crucis - ever claimed to be operating as a branch of the Rosae Crucis organization in France. 'We have never claimed to hold any warrant, charter, patent or authority from any foreign country,' he said over the telephone….

Among the papers seized in lewis' desk on Monday night is a piece of parchment headed 'Pronuziamento R.F.R.C. No. 987,601. The document is adorned with a number of crude seals, dated Toulouse, France, September 20, 1916, and signed by one Jean Jordain. After the signature follow a series of hieroglyphics. In the body of the document addressed to Le Secretaire General, Thos. Kiimalehto, appears the announcement that a separate jurisdiction of the Rosae Crucis has been etablished in America …"

2) The files on the F.U.D.O.S.I. belonging to Leon Lelarge (Sar Agni, secretary of Emile Dantinne) were discovered in 1982 by Serge Caillet. The file consisted of many documents concerning the activities of the F.U.D.O.S.I. and Emile Dantinne. Without these documents a lot of information on this forum would not be published. Serge Caillet used these documents to write a book called : "SAR HIERONYMUS et la F.U.D.O.S.I." , published in 1986 by Cariscript – Paris.

10

"FALLEN IS THY THRONE, OH ISRAEL,

SILENCE IS O'ER THY PLAINS,

THY DWELLINGS ALL LIE DESOLATE,

THY CHILDREN WEEP IN CHAINS

WHERE ARE THE DEWS THAT FED THEE,

ON ETHAM'S BARREN SHORE,

THAT FIRE FROM HEAVEN THAT LEAD THEE,

NOW LIGHTS THY PATH NO MORE."

-ROSE-CROIX CHAPTER ODES-

'KNIGHTS OF THE SACRED VAULT'

taken from the archives of the

'Ancient and Ninety-six (96*) Degree

Rite of Memphis'

Calvin C. Burt, 96* c) 1867

*********************************************************************************

- F.U.D.O.S.I., THE FINAL YEARS 1946-1951

the 5th Convention, SAR HIERONYMUS OPENING ADDRESS

July 21-25 (1 ) , 1946 ; THE FIFTH CONVENTION :

The 5th Convention was held at the 'Francois Soetewey-Temple' in Brussels, Belgium, the opening taking place on sunday July 21, 1946. Many members of the F.U.D.O.S.I. had died since the last convention of 1939. The convention was held in honour of all the deceased members and dignitaries.

The minutes of the Convention did list the participation of 12 fraternities :

1. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSELLE

2. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSITAIRE

3. ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN ( O::H::T::&M::)

4. ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE

5. A.M.O.R.C.

6. ORDRE MARTINISTE TRADITIONNEL

7. EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE

8. SOCIÉTÉ d'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES TEMPLIÉRES

9. ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX

10. SOCIÉTÉ d'ETUDES MARTINISTES

11. UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE

12. ORDRE DE LA MILITIA CRUCIFERA EVANGELICA

The 'ORDRE DU LYS ET DE L'AIGLE' (Order of the Lily & the Eagle) and the 'ASSOCIATION ALCHIMIQUE DE FRANCE' were both invited to present their successors, but apparently didn't sent their delegates.

The reason why the "Order of the Lily & the Eagle" did not appear on the convention is known to us. As stated in part 9, it was Chaboseau who was interested in the Eonian Order, more then Dupré was interested in the F.U.D.O.S.I. (Eugene Dupre had also been the Grandmaster of the Martinist Order in Egypt in the beginning of the 20th. century, before he, like most of the french Martinists in Egypt, returned to France after World War I. These Martinists of Egypt founded the "Groupe Indépandant d'Etudes Martinistes"). Dupré was never really interested in a collaboration with the F.U.D.O.S.I. Dupré died in a bombing-raid on June 12, 1944. He received his Nomen Mysticum (Sar Lilium) posthumous on the convention of 1946.

The "SOCIÉTÉ d'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES TEMPLIÉRES" was a Templar-society,

' implemented' within the ranks of the federation by Ralph Maxwell Lewis. The Society fell under the authority of Augustin Cordonnier, a.k.a. Sar Gregorius (P.11). Not much is known about this Templar-society. All we know is that Harvey Spencer Lewis was chartered by the "L'Ordre souverain et militaire du Temple" in 1933. This Order was founded in 1932 in Brussels, Belgium. The Order supposedly was affiliated with the " Ordre du Temple", of which Dantinne wrote (in his writings concerning Peladan and the rosicrucians of Toulouse). It is strange that the OSMT was not a member of the F.U.D.O.S.I., regarding Dantinne's connections to the Templar-organization.....

The "L'Ordre souverain et militaire du Temple" is still active today, and is also known as "L'Ordre souverain et militaire du Temple de Jérusalem" ( OSMTJ ) , or the "Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem" ( SMOTJ ), or the "Ordo Supremus Militaris Templi Hierosolymitani", with lodges all over the world (among their members are highly placed NATO-officials). Their Grand Lodge is called "Grand Prieure" (Grand Priory).

The 5th convention, which was presented as the 5th."FUDOSI World Conclave", took place after seven years of seperation, years "of war and of dire trials", of cruel persecutions, arrests, questioning by the Gestapo, police-raids and searches, leaving the European initiatic Orders decimated.

But the end of the war would also mark the beginning of a new era, an era of restoration and new-born hope... Especialy for Emile Dantinne the 'resurrection' was 'concretized' in this Convention, inspired by a spirit of hope and persistence Sar Hieronymus (Dantinne) presented his opening-speech to the assembly gathered together on sunday July 21, 1946.

(taken from "THE F.U.D.O.S.I., VOL.1. NO.1" publ. by A.M.O.R.C. San José, nov. 1946)

notes :

(1)The actual dates given are questionable. One source states that the 6th Convention took place on July 21-25, another source mentions July 21-22 as the actual dates for the 6th Convention.

SAR HIERONYMUS' OPENING ADRESS

Message of the Imperator

of Europe

"In opening this Convention which, once more, brings together Representatives of all Initiatique Orders of the world associated with the F.U.D.O.S.I., I want to express my Fraternal greetings and to bid welcome to all the Initiates of all the Orders, and I pray the Almighty to grant His blessings unto this Assembly and to spread on all of us His profound Wisdom and Cosmic Light.

"First of all, I want to associate to this Convention, in the Invisible, those who, since our last Convention, have been called to Eternal Peace by the Sovereign Master of all things.

Sar Ludovicus, F.'. Colonel Fitau, Consul of Chile, Engineer, Grand Master of the Order of Hermes for Chile, Delegate of the F.U.D.O.S.I. and member of the Supreme Council, who died in Brussels at the end of October 1939.

Sar Pascal, F.'. Hutin, F.R.C., formerly Archon of the Foreign Relations of the Order of Hermes, arrested by the Gestapo at Cherbourg (France) , condemned to deportation and conveyed to the Camp of Neuengam where he died in February 1945.

Sar Ignis, F.'. Nico Wolff, general Scribe of Hermes for Belgium, arrested by the enemy on March 5, 1943, condemned to deportation and sent to the Camp of Flossenburg and murdered on April 22, 1945, after suffering incredible tortures.

Sar Appolonius, F.R.C., F.'. Rochat de L'Abbaye, Grand Master of the Rose+Croix Universitaire in France, who died in Paris in August 1944.

Sar Eques Rosae Caritatis, F.'.Georges Lagrèze , Grand Inspector of the F.U.D.O.S.I. who died in Angers (France) in April 1946.(2)

And finally, the Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I., the very Illustrious

F.'. Augustine Chaboseau , Grand Master of the Traditional Martinist Order, who died in Paris, on January 2, 1946.

"Let us collect ourselves, my Brothers, and pray the Lord to open to our departed Brothers the Kingdom of Glory and Light".

notes : (- stop-)

(2) Georges Lagrèze was chosen by Chaboseau as his successor as Grand Master of the "Traditional Martinist Order". But Lagrèze already died 3 months after Chaboseau, without appointing his successor. The TMO was left without a Grand Master; the Leadership of the TMO was one of the major items on the agenda of this Convention.

( - cont.-)

"After eight long years the Almighty has granted unto us the privilege of meeting again so as to proceed with the great plan of renovation of Humankind which He has entrusted unto us as a special mission, this great plan for the protection and harmony of spiritual values which is the Divine Plan.

"Eight years ago we were assembled together in the secrecy of this Temple, the world was living in anxiety; and the message which was conveyed to you had been received as an inspiration from on High and announced the imminence of war and practically the complete destruction of Europe.

"As far back as 1934, it was in view of this impending calamity already threatening Humankind that the leaders of our Orders had deemed it absolutely necessary to constitute again a selected body of Initiates, like unto those of ancient times, to combat materialism and selfishness in all their manifestations to save the occidental civilization and to collaborate in the Divine and Universal Work of spiritual restoration.

"The impending peril soon was becoming more definite and it was during the 1939 convention that we brought a message of ominous prophecies, under God's inspiration.

"The frightful storm that was to rage upon old Europe, and in fact upon the whole world, had been disclosed to us in a flash of Divine light. Soon the tremendous cataclysm was going to burst upon the world. In the Visible, as well as in the Invisible, the violence of the Black Forces, of which Nazism was the most inhuman expression, struck the splendid cities of Europe, threatening to annihilate its living civilizations; those Satanic Forces shook the structure of spiritual values to its very foundations. But in the sacred Orders of the F.U.D.O.S.I. in Europe, and more particularly the Rose+Croix, Hermes and Martinist Order, proceeded with their mission, bringing to a disabled world the hope of a new dawn, and of the possibilities of a spiritual restoration, even in case of the dreaded victory of the Forces of Darkness.

"Following the inscrutable purposes of the Divine Will, which had been communicated unto us in the Invisible, we persevered to meet together and to work, though our Orders had been condemned and laid under an interdict by the occupying authorities, and also though the F.U.D.O.S.I. was considered as the most dangerous of all Orders by the enemy who wrongly regarded it as a Masonic organization. All the Orders and particularly Hermes, carried on their work, holding regular meetings and, under the leadership of our brother Sar Elgrim, all the members went on with their sacred work. New initiations were granted in the utmost secrecy, but with a courageous and remarkable tenaciousness. Seven times Brother Sar Elgrim was in trouble with the Gestapo; they searched through his home; he was arrested several times, released provisionally and then threatened in his very life, in August 1944; he received in time a providential warning and thus was able to escape from his enemies.

"The Imperator himself worked covertly because he felt that he was constantly spied upon and threatened. He organized secret meetings, granted R+C Initiations, received Belgian and French brothers, giving them enlightments upon the great and sacred missions of the Orders, at that time and for the future.

"Sar Agni was then trusted with the secret plans of the Imperator and was the link between the Imperator and the other Brothers. With Fr.'. Lampas he worked for the resistance and both of them had the same heroic behavior; many of the ritualistic meetings were held in his house in Huy.

"All of them, the Imperator and the Brothers, were accomplishing secretly, against strict interdictions, and in spite of wild threats, a great work of spiritual resistance, as dangerous but also as helpful as the civilian Resistance.

"Our Brothers of Belgium, of France, of Poland, have led an heroical, dangerous and underground struggle, without hope of any compensation, without any expectation whatever of thankfulness, honors or wealth, from the world, and they have worked unselfishly for the greater Glory of Christ, preparing the way for the advent of His Kingdom; in this lay their only reward. "Non nobis, non nobis Domine, sed nomini tuo Dei gloriam". This has always been the motto of the true R+C.

"They even prepared the organizations of a new Order, that of the Knights Templar, whose historical section is represented at this Convention.

"The Imperator of Europe, receiving inspiration from the Invisible, had established a plan of material and moral restoration of the world. He adressed the text of this plan, translated into English, to President Roosevelt; it would have permitted the rehabilitation of europe, in conditions of prosperity and brotherly understanding, but, through the selfishness of certain opposed nations that did not authorize it, it was not taken into consideration.

"The Imperator, Ralph Lewis, or Sar Validivar, during the last month of March, asked us to enter into a union of prayers, and in a wonderful, towering flight, the prayers of two continents rose up to the Almighty God.

"At that time a new war was imperiling the world again, and if the danger has been removed it is through the spiritual intervention of the R+C which has been able to win this sublime grace from the Sovereign Master of all things.

"In fact, war, as yet, is not finished, we are having the same trials, passing through hard experiences just as during the war, and it is perhaps the most difficult period of human history. It is in such hours of darkness, of crisis, that the Divine Intelligence and Will has trusted again his selected ones, His prophets or his magi, the mission of showing the way of salvation to men, and of lighting up again on the Holy Mountain the replendent flame of the Holy Spirit.

"Discord is preying upon the world, blinded by the darkness of hatred and selfishness, and mankind is awaiting the coming of God's Invisible Messengers, to be reborn into Light.

"It is to accomplish this great work that we want to prepare, with the Imperator for America, a plan of spiritual action for the spreading of Light into the old world.

"This plan includes the protection and diffusion of spiritual and Christian culture which prepares the way for the reconciliation and union of all God's children.

"The R+C is not a religion which claims to substitute for those of any of its followers, it is a great Brotherhood of Love, and Spiritual Science; it brings to them unknown powers and an increase in the great Light of Christ. In its unfoldment it is free from political contentions and strife, but it offers to the great universality of nations a deep reason of reconciliation. In this feeling of brotherhood and in this spiritual uplifting, in this progressive development lies the principle of its exoteric action.

"If, following a new world war morally as well as materially more destructive than previous one, the threat and decay of downfall would be cast upon the world in view of the materialism and selfishness of too great a number of men, the F.U.D.O.S.I. would remain the supreme recourse and the last hope of moral and spiritual restoration of the Universe.

"This is why we must start at once this work of intensive spreading and diffusion into the world and particularly into the old continent. In this way we cannot but approve of the plan which has been elaborated by our Very Illustrious Brother, Imperator of North and South America, Ralph M.Lewis, for the spreading of the teachings.

"Our duty is dictated to us by the Almighty, and it is because the time for spreading the lost truth upon the world has come that we want to kindle the Light upon the mountains, and like unto the time of ancient Crusades, we start with the sacred cry: "God wants it"!

"Taking up again the words of the Martinist Message, we may repeat this call for the Initiatique Crusade.

"In such an upset period, when the selfishness of individuals, of nations and of races is increasing more and more, at this crucial point in the cycle of civilization, to save humankind from the abyss of barbarism, of brutality and of frightful cruelty to which it is rushing madly, noble and generous souls are greatly needed, that they may be infused with the true wisdom and science, inspired with the spirit of the purest and most Christian Love, capable of facing martyrdom fearlessly and to suffer it for the triumph of the sacred mission to which they have pledged themselves.

"Against the new storm that is preparing itself in the dark horizon of a social world always stressed with demoniacal forces, we must oppose our utmost strenght for the realization of a great Christian and Initiatique Ideal made of Goodness, of Beauty and eternal Science, Wisdom and Justice.

"The spiritual harvest will be wonderful. The Divine Harvester may come later on to appraise our work.

"This is what we must do and we will do it against the whole world, for the Kingdom of the Holy Spirit must prevail on this destitute earth as well as in the highest Heaven.

"Pitfalls and treason will be but a powerful stimulus which will prompt us to do better still so as to show to the world the sublime character and the High teachings of Him who died on the Cross, on the Calvary, and of Whom we must be the valiant, tireless and faithfull apostles.

"And thus it is, before the Divine sign of the Cross and the sacred sign of the Mystical Rose, that we shall start for the spiritual conquest of the world; we shall be the vanguard of the celestial armies which will themselves precede the returning of the living Christ. We shall prepare His Kingdom and we shall be able to say:"O Lord, you may come: Your Kingdom is waiting for you"!

"In the meantime, in the secrecy of our temples , like unto the early Christians in the catacombs, we shall continue our highly mystical and sacred work of illumination, spiritual uplifting and sanctification.

"We carry on this sublime Tradition of the Christian magic, and with the help of the Invisible powers of Light, delving deeper and deeper into the wonderful secrets which we have inherited from the great Masters of Illumination of ancient times who have preceded us on the way of Initiation, of the Sublime Path of Christ, towards the effulgent Light of the Holy Spirit. We shall spread on the world their forgotten teachings, and because the world, yielding to the Forces of Darkness and lost in the abyss of materialism and selfishness, has turned aside from the Holy Scriptures of which it recognizes no more the light and the power, we shall bring to a selected few the invisible strenghts and the transcendent understanding of their Mysteries.

" Before God we pledge ourselves to realize this plan of action and to realize it without delay, for there is urgency and we must hurry. The time of great tribulations announced in the Revelation is that in which we are now living. The Lamb has already opened the first three seals. The day is now close by when we shall stand before the throne of the Lamb in our white robes, and the Angel will mark us on the forehead like unto God's other servants and because we shall have accomplished on earth the Will of the Father, this ineffable will which he reveals only to saints and to Magi, we shall rule with Christ during the Profound Peace era which St.John's Revelation promised the world."

'.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.'

The opening address of Dantinne describes the world in a state similar as described in St.John's Revelation, "the Apocalypse", the final days of menkind...

The whole speech is written as a 'visionary statement', coming from an 'enlightened Christian'. Dantinne makes it very clear, that the time has come to spread the teachings more intensively, referring to the plans of Ralph M. Lewis on the spreading of the teachings. But the long seperation between the Orders of Europe and the leaders of A.M.O.R.C. had widened the gap between the two parties. Especially Lewis' plans concerning the spreading of the order-teachings (including its advertising-campaigns) would create a strong opposition within the F.U.D.O.S.I. against A.M.O.R.C. ...

11

THE ESSENTIAL AIM OF THE BROTHERHOOD IS TO MAKE EFFECTIVE THE HIDDEN FORCES OF NATURE, TO RELEASE NATURE'S LIGHT, WHICH HAS BECOME DEEPLY BURIED BENEATH THE DROSS FROM THE CURSE, AND THEREBY TO LIGHT WITHIN EVERY BROTHER A TORCH BY WHOSE BRIGHT LIGHT HE WILL BE ABLE BETTER TO PERCEIVE THE INVISIBLE GOD ... AND THUS BECOME MORE CLOSELY UNITED WITH THE ORIGINAL SOURCE OF LIGHT"

'Eingang zur ersten Classe des preiswúrdigsten ORDENS VOM GOLDENEN ROSEN CREUTZE nach der letzten Haupt-und Reformations-Convention, 1788' - the Order of the Golden and Rosy Cross

*******************************************************

THE 5th CONVENTION - JULY 21-25, 1946

The questionable succession of Augustin Chaboseau

PIERRE-AUGUSTIN CHABOSEAU : 1868-1946

As mentioned in part 9, Augustin Chaboseau became both co-Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. as well as Grand Master of the 'ORDRE MARTINISTE TRADITIONNEL' (TMO) in 1939.

The other members of the 'Supreme Council' at the time ( Counseil Suprême Traditionnel ) were :

Georges de Lagrèze

Octave Beliard

Jean Chaboseau (Galaad), son of Augustin Chaboseau

Jean Chaboseau was initiated into the TMO in 1932 at the Grandlodge in Paris. When his father, Augustin, died on January 2, 1946 his father was succeeded by Lagrèze (p.10). Lagrèze died shortly after Chaboseau in April of the same year, and Jean Chaboseau succeeded Lagrèze as Grand Master of the TMO. Under normal circumstances he would have been chosen as his father's successor as co-Imperator of the FUDOSI by the Supreme Council. But the 'Supreme Council' decided otherwise ...

SAR GREGORIUS A FRAUD ?

The Supreme Counsil decided to choose an 'interim co-imperator' to assist and complete the Supreme Triangle on this 6th Convention. The 'regular powers' of this high office would be carried on by a "Council of Regency". One has to understand that the F.U.D.O.S.I. needed time to solve "a few pending questions". The death of Chaboseau caused some serious internal problems. The F.U.D.O.S.I. didn't accept Jean Chaboseau as his father's successor, both as co-Imperator as well as Grandmaster of the T.'.M.'.O.'. (some sources claim that Augustin Chaboseau chose his son as Grand master of the TMO). They kept the seat of the third Imperator in vacancy, and decided to install an "assistant", an "interim co-Imperator", for the time being untill the whole issue could be properly solved.

The Grand Coucil appointed Fr. André Cordonnier ( Sar Gregorius ) as 'Assistant-Imperator' of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on this Convention.

Emile Dantinne meets Cordonnier in 1931 in his hometown Huy-sur-Meuse in Belgium. André Cordonnier (1891-1960) was sentenced to several years of imprisonment in France. He fled from France in 1920 to the Netherlands. There he changed his identity and became the almoner of the Bourbon family. As stated in part 7 the Bourbon-family were the descendants of Charles Louis Eduard de Bourbon, who was better known as Karl Wilhelm Naundorf and who claimed the throne of France. His followers are known as "Naundorfists". As stated in part 7 "The "Naundorf-movement" was build around a hypothesis that a certain Karl Wilhelm Naundorf, an adventurer, 'emerged' in Berlin in 1810 and claimed to be the son of the French King Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette."

Through Dantinne Cordonnier gets involved in the world of occult and mystical orders. Dantinne, as he states in a personal document (A), was convinced that Cordonnier would become the new king of France (because of his relationship with the Bourbon family) after the second worldwar ! He was also convinced that Cordonnier was a Bishop of the "LIBERAL CATHOLIC CHURCH" (of whom C.W.Leadbetter, member of Blavatsky's Theosophic Society, was one of it's founders), as was stated by Jean Mallinger. The idea of Cordonnier being the "new king of France" is, of course, based on pure fantasy (again, see part 7). According to Marcel Roggemans the claim of Mallinger that Cordonnier was a Bishop of the L.B.C. was also made up. Roggemans states that he contacted Maurice Warnon (born 1937) on this matter. Warnon, who is a Bishop of the "Liberal Catholic Church" as well as the presiding Grand Master of the Martinist Order of the Netherlands, certifies that Cordonnier/ Sar Gregorius was never ordained as a Bishop into the "Liberal Catholic Church" !

Anyway, some of the 'high Iinitiates' were convinced that Cordonnier was the man he claimed he was. And because of these claims the F.U.D.O.S.I. appointed Cordonnier (Sar Gregorius) as "Member of the Supreme Counsil" and co-Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on the 6th. Convention. The new "Supreme Triangle" was composed of:

Emile Dantinne - SAR HIERONYMUS

Ralph Maxwell Lewis - SAR VALIDIVAR

André Cordonnier - SAR GREGORIUS (Assistant)

In 1952, after the F.U.D.O.S.I. dissolved ('51), Cordonnier returns to France. After staying in Paris for a short time, he became a catholic priest of a small parish at the river "Loire". After his death in 1960, the French authorities discovered Cordonnier's true identity ...

(A) Personal Document, written by Emile Dantinne, dated : written somewhere between 1939 and 1945. The following text are some extracts from the original document, translated in English (Le Large File)

"It was revealed to us that the destiny of the European rebirth was unmistakable connected to the restoration of the French monarchy, of which the descendants of Louis XVI, named Naundorff, were elected by God.

To fullfill the mission entrusted to us by the Most High, I ask from you all to use all of your forces and all of your influences to restore the throne of France". And at the end of the document Dantinne states :

" A final revelation designated us, the Knights of Christs, as the

restorers of the spiritual world who'll bring into realization the great reconcilation of all children of God ………

"A Benedict monk, R.P. Cordonnier, will play a very important and

significant role in the near future as the one and future King of France".

THE COUNCIL OF REGENCY

One of the main goals of the '46 convention was the establishment of a supreme Martinist council which would be heading the two main orders ( OM&S and TMO ) and the other participating Martinist Orders ( "SOCIÉTÉ d'ÉTUDES MARTINISTES" and " UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE").

After the war one of the very few thriving orders of Europe during the war, the ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE, returned within the ranks of the F.U.D.O.S.I. In part 9 we saw that Victor Blanchard was expelled from the federation and was replaced in all the high offices he held. The reason for his expulsion, as is stated in part 9, was that Blanchard auto-consecrated himself as the universal Grand Master of all the existing R+C- and other initiatic orders of the globe !

One of the main pending questions of this forum at the time is: "Why did Blanchard return to the F.U.D.O.S.I ? The question has not yet been answered .... (maybe both parties had a "mutual" interestest in Blanchard's return?)

Blanchard reconciled with the F.U.D.O.S.I. but he would never hold any office again (except of course, his Grandmastership of the OM&T), in spite of the fact that Blanchard was one of the promoters, founders and Imperators of the federation before the war.

Because of the fact the F.U.D.O.S.I. did not recognize Jean Chaboseau as Grand Master of the ORDRE MARTINISTE TRADITIONNEL (TRADITIONEL MARTINIST ORDER) the Supreme Council kept the seat of his father, Augustin Chaboseau, vacant. The minutes of the Conclave on July, 22 , which were published by A.M.O.R.C., on this issue :

"The Convention, after hearing the reports of the Delegates, the Messages of the absent Delegates and their reports, after taking opinions and after regular discussions, decided :

1) to keep in vacancy the seat of the third Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. , which was held by the V.'. ILL.'. SAR AUGUSTINUS, Grand Master of the Traditional Martinist Order, until the election of a new Grand Master of this Order. In the meantime all the regular powers of the Grand Mastership will be carried on by a COUNCIL OF REGENCY, composed of :

SAR PURITIA ( France) -Jeanne Guesdon ( A.M.O.R.C.), Secretary

SAR LEUKOS ( America) - President

SAR RENATUS ( Belgium) -Rene Rossart ('Head' of the Belgian Martinists), Treasurer

They alone will be qualified to validate or deliver charts or documents for the Order during the vacancy of this post of Grand Master.

Thus is decreed without appeal and confirmed by us, Imperators and Members of the Supreme Council of the F.U.D.O.S.I., in our sittings of this 22nd day of July, 1946. The above constitutes our official declaration" .

In other words, the so-called "COUNCIL OF REGENCY' formed the head of the Order.The interim-Council was the Federation's answer to the question "who'll succeed Augustin Chaboseau ?" , ignoring the fact that Jean Chaboseau was ( as stated by some sources) the legal Grand master of the O:::T:::M::: .

'.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.'

12

"THOU FROM THE FIRST WAST PRESENT, AND, WITH MIGHTY WINGS OUTSPREAD, DOVE-LIKE SAT'ST BROODING ON THE VAST ABYSS, AND MAD'ST IT PREGNANT: WHAT IN ME IS DARK ILLUMINE, WHAT IS LOW RAISE AND SUPPORT; THAT, TO THE HEIGHT OF THIS GREAT ARGUMENT, I MAY ASSERT ETERNAL PROVIDENCE, AND JUSTIFY THE WAYS OF GOD TO MEN"

"PARADISE LOST" [Book I, 19-26]

JOHN MILTON, 1608 - 1674

Georges LAGREZE

20, Rue de la Sorbonne

PARIS V* August 25, 1945

Mr. Ralph M. Lewis

A.M.O.R.C.

Rosicrucian Park

SAN JOSE, Calif. U.S.

Beloved Brother and Grand Master,

I am very thankful for your communication which was well received. I expect to go to Strasbourg as soon as possible during the month of September and i hope that i then shall be able to send you most interesting documents; it will require some time for the translation from French to English but thanks to our S. Guesdon we shall do our best on this account.

I received all the documents you sent me: diplomas, cards and discourses for the MARTINIST ORDER. We had a meeting of the Supreme Counsil on saturday, August 18, 1945 and we all want to thank and congratulate you for the work you have achieved and we also are thankful to our dear SS:: and F:: of the Supreme Regional Counsil for United States.

Do you think that we could extend our activities to South America and would it be possible to get the addresses of FF:: and SS:: who could organize some Chapters, or would you be willing to organize the work as well for South America as for Canada, where you could have Provincial and Regional Councils under your jurisdiction?

Certainly there must be some FF:: and SS:: in these countries who, after the death of PAPUS, have been deceived by false organizations and do not know the true traditional filietion held by our very Illustrious Brother Augustin CHABOSEAU, our GRAND MASTER.

We must be excused if we do not send some more work but all of our Archives have been either stolen or destroyed by the Gestapo; we are just putting together what some of our devoted Brothers and Sisters have been able to preserve so as to resume our work.

I am sending you herewith a document which might be used as preamble for initiations and also a certificate which, when Peace at last is with us and we resume our work, will serve as a testimonial that your powers and Charts are maintained. When we are again able to get paper, which is very scarce for the present time, we shall make new Charts and official stationery.

My best wishes for Health, Prosperity, and may God bless you and our Brothers and Sisters.

Sincerely and Fraternally,

- signature -

Principal Inspector for the

SUPREME COUNCIL

TRADITIONAL MARTINIST ORDER

a letter from Georges Lagreze (copy, original text dated:August 25, 1945)

THE 6th AND 7th CONVENTION

September 1947, Paris - January 1949 Brussels

Not much is known concerning these two Conventions. The only event worth mentioning was that Jean Chaboseau sended in his resignation on the 6th Convention. Augustin Chaboseau's son tried to disband the "Suprême Conseil de l'Ordre Martiniste", but his "motion" (as a ' vote of no confidence' ) did not get the approval from the F.U.D.O.S.I. Because of the disapproval Jean Chaboseau left the "Traditional Martinist Order", of which he was, during his father's reign, a member of the Supreme Counsil (together with Lagreze and Beliard). But there's more to this story :

As stated in the previous chapter one of the main goals of the '46 Convention was the establisment of a Supreme Martinist Counsil which would be heading the T::M::O:: and the O::M::&S:: , including the two minor Martinist organizations which participated within the F.U.D.O.S.I. But the plans for the unification of the Martinist organizations were not submitted for approval to the relevant Grand Masters. The T.M.O. did not have a Grand Master at the time (because they didn't recognize Jean Chaboseau as G::M::), and the G::M:: of the O.M.&S, Victor Blanchard, was (evidently) not present at the '47 Convention !

These two facts explain the attitude of Jean Chaboseau and his attempt to disband the Supreme Counsil. During the convention Ralph Maxwell Lewis took the opportunity to appoint himself as Sovereign Grand Master of the "Ordre Martiniste Tradionnel" (TMO).

The T.M.O. of Lewis can be looked upon (at the least) as doubtful. First of all,

1 The doubtful decision of his appointment as Grand Master , in which Lewis, as co-Imperator, played an ambiguous role, both judge as well as plaintiff .

2 The supposed authorization of the F.U.D.O.S.I., in absence of the Grand Masters, to place the Martinist Orders under its authority.

The only historical facts are that both H.Spencer Lewis and Ralph M. Lewis were fully initiated in the ORDRE MARTINISTE & SYNARCHIQUE. In September 1939 Ralph M. Lewis also received the S::I:: grade and the S::I:: INITIATEUR grade, both from the TMO. Ralph also received a charter as 'Sovereign Delegate and regional Grand Master of the TMO for the United States' . The letter from Georges Lagreze (which is printed at the beginning of this Chapter), dated August 25, 1945, concerns the possible expansion of the TMO (still under Grand Master Augustin Chaboseau at the time of writing) in South-America and Canada, possibly under the jurisdiction of the TMO in the United States, headed by Ralph Maxwell Lewis of A.M.O.R.C.

After the F.U.D.O.S.I. disbanded in 1951 (Chapter 13) the T.M.O. extended it's activity under the authority of A.M.O.R.C.

The events of 1946 and 1947 caused a schism within the ranks of the TMO, officials included (among which at least one Coucil-member) .

Rene Rossart (Sar Renatus), treasurer of the "Council of Regency" (see Chapter 11) of the F.U.D.O.S.I. and Council member, left the TMO. As Head of the Belgian Martinists he founded a Martinist organization under the name of (transl.) "UNIVERSAL MARTINIST ORDER" ("Ordre Martinist Universelle"? ). Rossart passed away in October 1948. Dr. Edouard Bertholet ( Ordre Ancien et Mystique de la Rose+Croix - Switzerland) was his Successor, but was not succesful in the development of the Order either. Bertholet / Sar Alkmaion (who also succeeded Blanchard as G::M:: of the ORDRE MARTINISTE& SYNARCHIQUE in 1953) died in 1965 without having named a successor for the "Universal Martinist Order".

Due to the Supreme Council's refusal to confirm Jean Chaboseau as Grand Master of the TMO, several members left the TMO. Some of them joined Jules Boucher, a former high official of the "Ordre Martiniste Traditionnel". Boucher (Phalgus -1902-1955) founded the "Ordre Martiniste Rectifié"in 1948. This Martinist Order was closely related to the "L'Eglise Gnostique Universelle" (Universal Gnostic Church), which was declared as the "Official Church of the Martinist Order" in 1911 by Bricaud, Papus, and Fugairon. The O::M::R:: had also the intension to reconnect Martinism with Masonry. Jules Boucher was a Mason who published an excellent title on the Symbolism of Freemasonry in 1948, 'La Symbolique Maçonnique'.The Order was not succesful and it seems that the Order slowly died after its founder's death in 1955.

During the post-war Conventions several disagreements gradually arose between A.M.O.R.C. and certain members of the "Supreme Counsil", especially Jean Mallinger, who acted as "Secretary" of the F.U.D.O.S.I. As we'll see in the following Chapter "Dissolution finally became inevitable ..." .

'.' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.' ',' '.' '.' '.' '.' '.'

13

"AND I SAW THAT WHEN THE MEMBERS OF THE COMPANY

HAD GATHERED TOGETHER FROM THEIR SEPARATE WANDERINGS UP AND DOWN IN THE WORLD,

THEY CAME INTO THE HOLY PLACE,

AND THE DOOR WAS SHUT BEHIND THEM.

AND THEY PUT OFF EACH ONE HIS ARMOR IN HIS OWN TIME, AND LAID IT BESIDE THE DOOR;

BUT THEIR SWORDS THEY KEPT".

"VISION OF A FELLOWSHIP" C.G.M.

THE 8th CONVENTION August 1951

The Convention was held in Brussels and was of short duration. Sar Hieronymus (Emile Dantinne) and Sar Validivar (Ralph M. Lewis) strongly disagreed with each other on several main issues i.a. regarding the working-method of the A.M.O.R.C.-organization.

In 1946 the F.U.D.O.S.I. reluctantly approved of the plan which Lewis had been elaborated for the spreading of the A.M.O.R.C.- lessons by way of correspondence (although Dantinne spoke in favour of Lewis' plan at his "Opening Adress" of the '46 Convention - Chapter 10) .

The F.U.D.O.S.I. also criticized the advertising- methods of A.M.O.R.C. to bring in new members. The F.U.D.O.S.I.-dignitaries made it very clear that they could not longer accept the advertising-methods which A.M.O.R.C. practised.

Another hot issue was the issue of cremation, which A.M.O.R.C. advised to its members, because cremation was the "traditional funeral-rite of the Rosicrucians" . Emile Dantinne strongly protested against A.M.O.R.C.'s point of view. Dantinne , being a Christian, never spoke in favour of cremation and he denied A.M.O.R.C.'s statement regarding cremation being a traditional rosicrucian custom !

The A.M.O.R.C.-delegation did not want to change their point of view, and when Ralph M. Lewis criticized one of the dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. who had a "problem" with the admission of afro-american members by A.M.O.R.C., the meeting was over . The 8th Convention ended on the August 14, 1951. The dignitary concerned who had a "problem" with "blacks" was Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim).

This was the end of the " FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE INITIATIONIS", a.k.a. F.U.D.O.S.I.

An official Document was signed by the three Imperators, Sar Validivar / Ralph Maxwell Lewis, Sar Hieronymus / Emile Dantinne, and Sar Elgrim / Jean Mallinger as third Imperator of the final assembly of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

Document 1

F.U.D.O.S.I.

Federatio Universalis Dirigens Ordines Societatesque Initiationis

PAX HOMINIBUS VOLUNTATIS... SALUTEM NOSTRAM IN LUCE VERITATIS

Cathedra Fratris Magni Cancellarii. Valle Bruxellense (Belgia)

---------- XIVa.Aug.

die MCLMLI. Verae Lucis

Liberi Matricularis

Numerus: ulitmus. bus

Fratri Carissimbe: omnium Ordinum

DECLARATION. XXXXXXX Initiationis.

------------

Considering that, on August 14th. of 1934, the delegates of various Initiatic Orders and Societies decided to create an Universal Federation of Initiatic Orders and Societies (F.U.D.O.S.I) ; Considering that said Federation had an helpful activity, grouped some isolated Initiatic movements, exposed some impostors of the Initiatic domain and organised the interantional initatic work ; Considering that the Federation granted to each one of its affiliated members complete independence with regard to its administrative and doctrinal work ; Considering that it appeared, in the long run, and particularly at a recent date, that some of the affiliated Orders were teaching different doctrines in the same country(for instance : for, or against cremation); that their conceptions of true Initiation and its secrecy appeared contradictory to, or incompatible with, each other ; that this is impossible to conciliate these conceptions and to avoid doctrinal or historical debate between the Orders ; Considering that, in the higher interest of Initiation, it is not desirable to bring these disagreements before public opinion which is incompetent in such matters or to transform the Federation into a Law-Court of Initiation ; that it is prefereable to admit loyally and in a friendly manner that it is impossible to unify or harmonize opposite teachings, the representative of the Orders who freely created the Federation in Burssels, in 1934, decide to freely dissolve it now ;

FOR THESE REASONS :

It is unanimously decided that ;

1.-The F.U.D.O.S.I. is dissolved on the day, 14th.of August 1951 ;

2.-Each and every one of the affiliated movements will maintain the initiatic autonomy and independence, without being bound in whatsoever manner to the other Orders ;

3.-None of the Orders previously affiliated to the F.U.D.O.S.I. will be allowed to reconstitute it without a written agreement signed by the Orders founders [?] or may take advantage of it in the future ;

4.-The present declaration will be published by the various Orders in their own publications without any commentary.

Brussels, the 14th.of August 1951.

/Sar Elgim/ with org. and sigil /Sar Hieronymous/ with org. and sigil /Validivar/ with sigil

/RM Lewis/ SI sigil

Document 2

Another Document concerning the dissolution of the F.U.D.O.S.I. was signed in 1951 by Sar Yesir / Victor Blanchard, Sar Iohannes / Hans Grueter (1), Sar Elgrim / Jean Mallinger, and Sar Kryptos / George Delaive. This Document voices the opinion of the European members. The original document is written in the French language. Some excerpts from the document which i've tried to translate :

"The founder of the F.U.D.O.S.I., the Sublime Imperator Sar Hieronymus received many complaints against A.M.O.R.C., which floods the market with their "noisy" publicity-campaigns......

"All our friendly efforts to discuss these issues with the Americans were in vain, they will not modify their "propaganda" and their teachings, not now nor in the future"

At the end of the actual text A.M.O.R.C. is called a "pseudo-Initiatory organization", for those of you who can read French :

"Considérant que d'autre part, il ne peut être"question pour les Ordres Traditionnels de couvrir par leur silence les

"activités pseudo-initiatique de l'AMORC,

"DECIDE

"d'inviter les 4 frères survivants de la séance de fondation de la

"FUDOSI à Bruxelles le 14.8.1934 à signer conjointement avec lui le décret

"de dissolution de la F.U.D.O.S.I., comme ils en ont le droit en vertu de leur

"qualité de co-fondateurs de la F.U.D.O.S.I..

"Ces frères sont : SAR YÉSIR - Paris

SAR IOHANNES - Locarno

SAR ELGIM - Bruxelles

SAR KRYPTOS - Bruxelles

"Dont acte.

Le Gr.Chancelier,

Sar Elgim

Document 3

This Document is a correspondence between Ralph M. Lewis and Fr. Marcel Roggemans (one of my main sources) regarding the dissolution of the F.U.D.O.S.I. from Lewis' point of view, dated May 12, 1983. Again, some excerpts from the document which i've tried to translate (original in French) :

A. M. O. R. C.

The Rosicrucian Order

Known as "The Ancient, Mystical Order Rosae Crucis" throughout the world

Rosicrucian Park San Jose, California 95191, U.S.A.

May 12, 1983

"In response to your letter, dated April 26 , in which you .......With regard to Mr. Jean Mallinger, he caused A.M.O.R.C a lot of trouble with his religious bigotry and his dominating attitude. The various affiliated organizations of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were autonomous organizations, but Mr. Mallinger tried to impose his will to the other members, by requiring that they would conform to his ideas ....... For example, Mr. Mallinger insisted that A.M.O.R.C. would not accept members belonging to the black race, explaining that "the blacks" were lower beings and therefore unworthy of such an affiliation".

"Mallinger also repeatedly criticised A.M.O.R.C. because we had published a photograph of the document in several languages all over the world, concerning the recognition of A.M.O.R.C. and its Jurisdictions by the F.U.D.O.S.I. Such an accusation is absurd. No secrecy, symbol or ritual, was revealed in this document. I replied to Mallinger that the document in question had been published only with the aim of justifying A.M.O.R.C.'s position, and that if such documents were to be dissimulated, then they did not have any value and therefore should be destroyed"

"You asked me which problems existed between A.M.O.R.C. and the F.U.D.O.S.I. In itself, there was no problem between our organization and the F.U.D.O.S.I. When Mr.Mallinger directed his charges against A.M.O.R.C. , the F.U.D.O.S.I. was already about to dissolve. The document of dissolution is in our files (Doc. 1) . I was present at this occasion and signed this document myself in presence of the other members. The reason of dissolution is indicated in this document which does not mention any criticism against A.M.O.R.C."

Avec mes meilleurs voeux de paix profonde,

Sincèrement et fraternellement,

Ralph M. Lewis

Imperator

notes :

(1) This document is signed by i.a. Hans Grueter, who was the G.'.M.'. of France of A.M.O.R.C. . ???

14

THE POST F.U.D.O.S.I.- ERA

WHAT HAPPENED AFTER 1951 ?

"SIMPLE, STUDIOUS GROUPS OF INTELLIGENT MEN AND WOMEN, MAKING NO PRETENSIONS BUT DOING AND LIVING A HIGH STANDARD OF PERSONAL AND COLLECTIVE INTEGRITY, WITHOUT FADS OR FETISHES, AND WITHOUT ELABORATE POLITICAL MACHINERY, ARE THE ONLY GROUPS WORTHY OF EVEN PASSING CONSIDERATION.

THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT SUCH GROUPS EXIST, BUT THEY SELDOM PUBLICIZE THEMSELVES. FUNCTIONING QUIETLY, THEY ARE KNOWN BY THEIR WORKS AND NOT BY THEIR WORDS. TO THE "JOINER", ONE PASSING THOUGHT: WEIGH ALL THINGS, AND CLING ONLY TO THAT WHICH IS SIMPLE, GOOD, REASONABLE, AND HONEST."

- MANLY P. HALL, Words to the Wise, page 27-28

**********************************************************************************

THE AFFILIATED ORDERS & SOCIETIES OF THE F.U.D.O.S.I.

Some of the Orders and Societies vanished, some of them merged into other organizations, but most of the affiliated organizations are still existing today.

ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX, one of the lineages still existing today is the lineage which descended from Robert Ambelain. Ambelain was succeeded by Gerard Kloppel, who also headed the "Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim". In 1998 Kloppel was succeeded by George Claude Vieilledent (as G.'.M.'. of the M.'.M). The "Ambelain-lineage" has also a branch of "Rose-Croix d'Orient", under G.M. Ronald Cappello in the United States.

A.M.O.R.C. , 'developed into one of the most succesful Orders existing today.

ORDRE MARTINIST TRADITIONNEL , continued to exist under the auspices of A.M.O.R.C.

ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE, Victor Blanchard died in 1953 and was succeeded by Edouard Bertholet. Bertholet gave a Charter for Great Britain and the Commonwealth. In 1960 the Continental Jurisdictions reunited with the "Ordre Martiniste" of Papus' son, Gerard Encausse (in which we find also many former members of the T.M.O. who left after Ralph M. Lewis became Grand Master). The O.M.&S. still exists today, under its original name, in countries like Canada, U.S.A., Barbados, and England.

L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE, exists today under several names all over the globe.

ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE ET MYSTIQUE ("ORDER OF HERMES" or "PYTHAGOREAN ORDER") - There was a seperation (without the approval of both Dantinne and Mallinger) in the original Order in 1957 which resulted into two different streams:

1) ORDO HERMETIS TRISMEGISTI, which united the followers of Louis Cattiaux (1904-1953). The responsibility for the Order was, until 1999, in the hands of Emmanuel D'Hoogvorst (1940-1999).The Order is the publisher of a magazine, called 'Fil D'Ariane'.

2) ORDO HERMETIS TETRAMEGISTI. There are at least 5 branches of this Order existing today:

P>OHTM/ORA O.R.A. (Ordo Rosae Aureae) was founded in 1956 by Martin Erler after he left A.M.O.R.C.in 1954. Erler was Grand Master of AMORC-Germany. He founded the O.R.A. in the area of the city of Munich with a number of interested colleagues, some members of that group were co-members of the "Fraternitas Saturni". Erler (fr.Albinus) was initiated by Sar Hieronymus in 1957. Erler has also a connection to Gustav Meyrink (see: notes Chapter 8). Erler is still alive today but the responsibility for the whole organization is in the hands of the Belgian Sar Philosophotos, with Lodges in Belgium and France.

OHTM, led by Rene de Louvroy with Lodges in Belgium. de Louvroy is the successor of Jean Mallinger's Rite of Memphis-Misraim. Mallinger died in 1982. According to Sar Philosophotos Louvroy's Charter a falsification.

OHTM in Italy, the succession of Gerosa

OHTM , a branch existing in Sweden.

Another branch exists in Great Britain under the auspices of a Pythagorean Order.

The last branch is a Pythagorean Order who has its origin in Greece. The branch was founded under the auspices of the Grand Orient of Greece within a Lodge called "Prometheus". V.'.M.'. was Nagos, whose successor, Sar Aelios, knew Jean Mallinger. Certain assignments of this branch were given to Triantaphyllos Kotzamanis and Rémi Boyer by kind of permission of Sar Aelios. This branch is known today as "the Order of Hermes and Orpheus". Boyer was the founder of "Arc-en-ciel", a federation of Orders and Societies in 1988, and a leading figure in the continuation of "Arc-en-ciel", "Groupe de Thebes". Both of these federations will be discussed later.

ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM STRICTE OBSERVANCE and CO-MASONIC ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM. Both Orders were excluded from the F.U.D.O.S.I. after the troubles with Constant Chevillon, but the whole organization of the United Rites of several M.'.M.'.-organizations under Armand Rombauts continued, with Lodges in Belgium (under Constatin Platounoff), France (Lagreze and Grueter), and Argentina (Troilo). Jean Mallinger was also involved within the Belgian M.'.M.'. -movement. M.M.Orders still existing today with a "F.U.D.O.S.I.-Lineage" :"LE RITE EGYPTIEN" - Platounoff. "L'ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MISRAIM"- Probst-Biraben (this Rite recently ceased to exist). "RITO ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM de ARGENTINA (Troilo-Lagreze). Furthermore, there are still Lodges workin' these rites in the French-speakin' parts of Belgium.

SOCIETE ALCHIMIQUE DE FRANCE, this Society was founded by Francois Jollivet-Castelot (1874-1937). The Society did not show up at the 1946 Convention. Jollivet-Castelot's work was continued in the now famous Alchemy-classes of A.M.O.R.C. Former A.M.O.R.C. members like Jean Dubuis (left A.M.O.R.C. and founded the "Philosophers of Nature"), Fr. Albertus (Albert R.Reidel, died in 1984) and Orval Graves were followers of Jollivet-Castelot.

ORDER OF THE LILY & THE EAGLE. As stated in Chapter 9 it was Augustin Chaboseau who was very interested in this Order. The Order was invited at the '39 Convention. Eugene Dupre, the Leader of the Order, was not very interested in the F.U.D.O.S.I. The Order didn't bother to show up at the 1946 Convention. The Order still exists in Greece, France and the U.S.A. (In the USA the Order is headed by Ronald Cappello, G.'.M.'. of the M.M. for the U.S.A, Cappello holds a lineage which descended from Robert Ambelain. The Inner work of the Order is connected to the "Rose-Croix d'Orient")

SOCIETE d'ETUDES MARTINISTES and the UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE . They were probably "absorbed" by the T.M.O (or the O.M.&S), meaning : One of the main goals of the 1946 Convention was to create 1 Martinist Order which would unite the T.M.O., the O.M.&S. and the 2 minor organizations mentioned. We know that the O.M.&S did not unite with the T.M.O.

ORDRE ANCIEN ET MYSTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX, the Order reunited with A.M.O.R.C. in 1937, as A.M.O.R.C.-Switzerland.

The "Polaire Brotherhood" vanished at the beginning of W.W.II, the "Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universelle" and the "Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire" ceased to exist. Both Orders, including a third interior Order, existed under the name of "Ordo Aureae & Rosae Crucis / OARC ". The "Confrerie des Freres Illumines de la Rose+Croix" was founded by Jollivet-Castelot in 1920. Not much is known about its history. The same story applies to the "Ordre des Samaritains Inconnus". The "Militia Crucifera Evangelica" became A.M.O.R.C.'s "Inner Order", and the "Societe d'Etudes et de Recherches Templieres" dissolved after 1951.

Despite the ultimate dissolution of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on August 14, 1951, the idea of an international federation of esoteric Orders and Societies continued to exist.

Already in January 1956 several former dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. tried to establish a new federation. The dignitaries concerned were Jean Mallinger, Jean-Henry Probst Biraben, and Ambrogio Gerosa (Gerosa led the O::H::T::M:: in Italy at the time).

Another attempt was even made before the dissolution of the F.U.D.O.S.I. It was an attempt to restart the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. of Constant Chevillon and Reuben Swynburne Clymer. The F.U.D.O.F.S.I. never really developed. After its first meeting in '39 the Second World War broke out and in 1944 Constant Chevillon was assassinated by the Gestapo of Klaus Barbie, authorized by the Vichy-regime.

As stated in Chapter 7 in 1947 (and once again in '48) Reuben Swynburne Clymer ( of "Fraternitas Rosae Crucis") visited Switzerland to meet Hans-Rudolf Hilfiker, heir apparent to Reuss' O.T.O. Both men were present at the first Convention of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. in Paris, 1939. Clymer and Hilfiker spoke about the foundation of a worldwide federation of R+C Orders, "THE WORLDWIDE ALLIANCE OF ROSICRUCIAN ORDERS". The federation was partially succesful in South-America, more specifically in Brasil, were Clymer reunited his Order with Krumm-Heller's "Fraternitas Rosicruciana Antiqua".

Former A.M.O.R.C. Grand Master of France and "Suprême Légat" for Europe, Raymond Bernard, was involved with a group called "FIMIT"

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN EUROPE

"ARC-EN-CIEL"

The "Arc-en-ciel" ("Rainbow") was formed on June 3, 1988. Remi Boyer, a former A.M.O.R.C.-member, created a federation of occult and New Age groups including organizations like THE GRANDE LOGE INDÉPENDANTE DES RITES UNIS, THE INSTITUT POUR UNE SYNTHÈSE PLANÈTAIRE, ORDRE CHEVALERESQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX, THE SPIRITUAL UNIVERSITY OF BRAHMA KUMARIS, SRI CHINMOY etc. The federation represented about 30 Orders and Societies. The first meeting took place in the building of the French Grand Oriënt in Paris, on September 24-25, 1988.

"GROUPE DE THÈBES / CERCLE d' ALEXANDRIE"

Out of the "Arc-en-ciel" came the "Groupe de Thèbes", founded on June 3, 1990. This federation was ment for a smaller, and presumably higher, group of Initiates. The group was founded around 15 members, made up exclusively of leaders of various Orders and Societies.The "Groupe de Thèbes / Group of Thèbes" also met at the French Grand Oriënt .

According to one source the main goal of this federation was to study the teachings of Sar Mérodack (Péladan), Sar Hieronymus (Dantinne), Or-Zam (Rombauts) and other initiates of the movement around Josephín Peladan and the later initiates of the F.U.D.O.S.I. In reality the federation represented many Orders and Societies coming from all kind of traditional teachings, including organizations without a Rosicrucian/Martinist background."In the end the ideas are all the same, they show us different paths all leading to the same Royal road ", thus Remi Boyer, "OMNIA AB UNO". The group did not dedicate itself to "ritual practises", but to theoretical studies, "such as forming a collection". Apparently the "Groupe de Thebes" changed its name into "Cercle d' Alexandrie" (in 1990). Koenig (source) states that it is not entirely clear whether both groups were identical to each other, "although the same members appear in both".

According to French journalist Serge Faubert ("Le vrai visage des sectes", c)1993) Boyer was one of the fifteen founding members of the "Group de Thebes". "The tiny group included quite an interesting variety of individuals": Apart from Remi Boyer (co-leader of the "ORDER OF HERMES & ORPHEUS", Grand Master of the French Grand-Lodge of the Martinist Order OMCC etc.)we find such personalities in this group as

Massimo Introvigne , who attended the very first meeting of this lodge on June 3, 1990. Introvigne presents himself as a "sociologist" who leads a "Centre for the Study of New Religions" a.k.a. CESNUR. CESNUR enjoys great credit among academics, journalists and politicians "all over the world". The organization is seated in Italy, Introvigne's native country. The History-teacher Massimo Introvigne presents himself also as "one of the greatest experts in the world on new religious movements". Besides being a teacher and a "sociologist" Introvigne is one of the leaders of the radical right-wing "counter-revolutionary" movement called 'Alleanza Cattolica' , the italian "sister"of a Brazilian cult called 'Tradition, Family and Property' , a.k.a "TFP". His opponents state that CESNUR's "research" is carried out "in such a way as to deliberately promote the policies and ideological goals of CESNUR". CESNUR is an organization led by a catholic right-wing teacher under the authority of the Vatican. The organization has close relationships with organizations like "Legionnaires du Christ" and, indirectly (TPF) , Opus Dei and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Jean-Pierre Giudicelli , leader of the French section of the "ORDER OF MYRIAM" ( a "Luciferian" Obedience), former Corsican nationalist and right-wing militant ("Ordre Nouveau" and "Troisième Voie"). He was spotted at a gathering in the early days of the "Front National" in Nice in 1986.

Gérard Kloppel , former world Grand Master (until 1998) of the "ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM" and the "ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX".

Jean-Marie Vergério , co-leader of the "TEMPLARS OF CIRCES". CIRCES is the organization headed by Raymond Bernard, former G.M. of A.M.O.R.C. in France. According to fr.Roggemans in the end CIRCES decided not to join the federation.

Triantaphyllos Kotzamanis , "chancellor for Greece of a Templar Group", thus Faubert. I can add to his information that Kotzamanis is one of the leaders of a Pythagorean Order called "ORDER OF HERMES & ORPHEUS" (probably Faubert refers to this group). Furthermore, Kotzamanis is a leading figure of the "ORDRE MARTINISTE DES CHEVALIERS DU CHRIST" a.k.a O.'.M.'.C.'.C.'. ( the American branch is known as the "Martinist Order of the Knights of Christ"), founded in 1971 in Belgium by Armand Toussaint. Toussaint initiated Kotzamanis ('Nomen Mysticum': Tau and-or Sar Hieronymus ). Kotzamanis founded Martinist Lodges under the name of "Loges de Chevaliers Vert".

Serge Caillet , member and high dignitary of MEMPHIS-MISRAIM. Caillet is known in the international esoteric community as a "serious" researcher and writer. It was Caillet who found in 1982 in Leon Lelarge's home a lot of documents belonging to the F.U.D.O.S.I. and the Belgian Rosicrucian and Pythagorean Order of Sar Hieronymus / Emile Dantinne and Sar Elgrim / Jean Mallinger. As stated in an earlier Chapter, without these documents a lot of information in this document could not have been written ! some well-known titles of Caillet: Sar Hieronymus et la F.U.D.O.S.I. 1986, L'Ordre Rénové du Temple - Aux Racines du Temple Solaire Suivi du témoignage de Raymond Bernard 1997, Arcanes & Rituels de la Maçonnerie Egyptienne 1994.

Robert Amadou , a well-known Martinist and priest in the "EGLISÉ SYRIENNE" (SYRIAN CHURCH), and "a frequent guest of the weightier Freemasons of Zürich" (Koenig). Amadou , like Caillett, is a well-known researcher and writer. He lectures at a University in Paris.

Jean-Pascal Ruggiu, Imperator and Praemonstrator of the "Ahathoor-Temple" of the GOLDEN DAWN in Paris ("Rosicrucian Command of Alpha Omega"). The "Ahathoor-Temple" is an 'associate-temple' of the "CONFEDERATIO FRATERNITATIS ROSAE CRUCIS / C.'.F.'.R.'.C.'. , also known as the "United Confederation of Independent and Autonomous Temples". The federation is led by Cris Monnastre, who was initiated by the late Dr. Israel Regardie and founded (under the supervision of Regardie) back in 1982 the "Ordis Khenti Amenti Temple". The affiliated Orders of the C.F.R.C. are all reconstituted GOLDEN DAWN -Orders : "ORDO ROSAE RUBEAE ET AUREAE CRUCIS" - R.R. et A.C. , "STELLA MATUTINA" , "ORDO ROSAE CRUCIS" , "ALPHA ET OMEGA" - ROSICRUCIAN ORDER OF ALPHA ET OMEGA , The "HOLY ORDER OF THE GOLDEN DAWN"(from A.E.Waite's offshoot, founded in1900, writer's note: A.E. Waite's next order (1914) was named "FELLOWSHIP OF THE (TRUE) ROSY CROSS") , The "ORDER OF THE SACRED WORD".

George Mague de Cressac, symphatizer of esoteric-political organizations, such as the Russian based "MILII ANGEL", led by Alexander Dugin, co-leader of the Russian "Front National".

Paolo Fogagnolo , Italian revolutionary and Marxist (apparently a member of the notorious "Brigata Rossa"), a radical left-winger who was chartered by Lamparter to found O.T.O.A. (ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS ANTIQUA of Bertiaux)–Lodges in 1985. In 1986 he was initiated by Kotzamanis into the Athens "Chevaliers du Christ"Martinist Lodge, in 1989 he was nominated as a S::I:: by Kotzamanis. Fogagnolo is also the Italian Patriarch of the "Krumm-Heller Church" and a bishop in the "Church of Antioch". He also became national Italian Grand Master of the "Orient Universel des Rites Traditionnels" through Kotzamanis. Fogagnolo led his own O.T.O.(A)-group, "Agape-Prometeo", which was involved in the "revolutionary political fight for Spiritual communism"(fr. Roggemans refers to this group as the "Fraternite Rose-Croix Doree et Antique"). In 1991 he severed his links with the "Groupe d' Alexandrie" , because he considered these gentlemen to be "fascistoid". (P.R.Koenig; "Paris en Printemps" http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/italy.htm )

Christian Bouchet , One of the most interesting and controversial members of the group. "As a militant atheist, Bouchet prefers to be called by his surname only". Since the 70's he has been a militant in the French far-right. Like Giudicelli he was a member of the "Troisieme Voie" which he left in 1991 to found his own militant group, "Nouvelle Resistance", a.k.a. "NR". The "NR" maintains a friendly relationship with the Russian National Front. O.T.O.-researcher P.R.Koenig describes Boucher, besides being a man who's "caught up in the murky world of neo-fascism", as a French Order-enthusiast and collector. Bouchet calls himself an "ethnologist" and runs three separate magazines: "Lutte du Peuple" (neo-nazi magazine for the general public), "Vouloir" , a cultural publication largely devoted to studies on Nietzsche and Crowley, and "Thelema" , only accessible for "Initiates". Bouchet is a member of the Californian-based "Caliphate-O.T.O." . in 1977 this organization selfstyled itself to be the worldwide Grand Lodge of the "official" O.T.O. Regarding Bouchet's membership, Bill Heidrick, "Treasurer General of ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS", states in a letter written to Faubert that Bouchet was expelled from the O.T.O. in 1992 without having passed beyond the 1st Degree. Bouchet was a prominent speaker at several CESNUR events;" at the international CESNUR conference at Santa Barbara in 1991, and four times in France in 1992" (Serge Faubert, "Le vrai visage des sectes", L' Evenement du Jeudi, 1993.10.11).

The "Groupe de Thebes / Cercle d'Alexandrie" was formed to unite various organizations under the same roof. Some of the "dignitaries" of the "Cercle d'Alexandrie" are, to put it mildly, quite questionable as members !

It seems that Remi Boyer does not have a problem with Circle-members like Bouchet, Giudicelli, de Cressac, or Fogagnolo. Regarding Giudicelli's political preferences Boyer answered (transl.):

"I am aware of his ideas and his past, but what connects us is of more significance than what seperates us", thus Boyer.

The group meets at the Grand Lodge of the Grand Orient in the Rue du Cadet in Paris, France. The relationship with the "Grand Orient de France" (founded in 1773, with (roughly) 800 lodges the G.O.D.F. is the largest Masonic obedience of France) extends in co-operation in the field of historical research.

In the late seventies numerous historical Masonic documents were discovered in the area of the German-Polish border. The documents concerned were the ones that were confiscated by the S.S. "AHNENERBE" of Himmler during the second Worldwar. Remi Boyer and the historian Claude Arroux travelled to Poznan, Poland, were they had permission of the authorities to investigate the documents. Arroux also visited an old castle dating back to the days of King Frederick II of Prussia (the "rosicrucian King", who reigned from 1740 up to 1786). According to Arroux, he discovered a Temple which used to belong to the "Order of the African Architects" (a.k.a. "African Master Builders"), an esoteric-Masonic Order founded by K.F. Koeppen (1734-1797). The Order studied the Egyptian religion, philosophy, and architecture. The Order also practised Alchemy . According to the "Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica" (in Amsterdam), the famous "Crata Repoa" was the constitution of the organization. The book describes the seven Grades of Egyptian Initiation in the system of Koeppen. The Order influenced the esoteric and Egyptian rites of France, rites which would finally develop into the "Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim".

The "Groupe de Thebes /"Cercle d'Alexandrie" disbanded around 1993/ 1994. A dispute between Bouchet and Ruggiu led to the dissolution of the circle. Apparently some journalists with a dislike of Freemasonry manipulated Ruggiu , which resulted in a publication in 'L'Evenement du Jeudi' . This publication is one of the main sources of this chapter. "The co-operation was continued in a different form", thus Boyer......

In 1990 Remi Boyer published a list of participating organizations of the "CERCLE d'ALEXANDRIE" :

ASSOCIATION SHINGON DE FRANCE

BONNE VOLENTE MONDIALE

ASSOCIATION LE SENTIER

VILLAGE DU VERSEAU

CENTRE SRI CHINMOY

COLLEGE SACERDOTAL DE LA ROSE-CROIX

ORDRE CHEVALERESQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX

EGLISE CATHOLIQUE LIBERALE

GRANDE LOGE INDEPENDANTE ET SOUVERAINE DES RITES UNIS

INSTITUTE PHILOSOPHIQUE PYTHAGORICIEN

INSTITUTE FOR PLANETARY SYNTHESIS

WORLD TEACHER TRUST

KAGYU LING COLLEGE MONASTIQUE

DHAGPO KAGYU LING

LA MONTAGNE DE LA CLAIRE LUMIERE

LES PHILOSOPHES DE LA NATURE / LPN

ORDER OF THE STAR ET WHITE LOTUS GROUP

SOCIETE ISOLEMENT SILENCE

SOCIETE MERE MEERA BF

SOCIETE THEOSOFIQUE

UNIVERSITE DU TEMPS PRESENT

EGLISE ROSICRUCIENNE APOSTOLIQUE GRECQUE

ORDRE MARTINISTE DES PAUVRES CHEVALIERS DU CHRIST

MISSION SWAMI ATMANANDA 'LA FLEUR D'OR'

CERCLE SWEDENBORG

ORDRE DES ELUS COHENS

THE END

NOVEMBER 2000, Milko Bogaard

Milko.bogaard@nl.origin-it.com

(the Netherlands) VERSION 1.2

SOURCES :

AMADOU, Robert

Documents Martinistes

1979 Edi-Repro

AMBELAIN, Robert

Le Martinisme - Histoire et doctrine

1946 Editions Niclaus

BAYARD, Jean-Pierre

De Rozenkruisers

Historie, traditie en rituelen

1998 Tirion - Baarn - Nederland

BERTHOLET, Edouard

La Pensee et le Secrets du Sar Peladan

CAILLET, Serge

Sar Hieronymus et la F.U.D.O.S.I. ( internet - engelse bewerking door Sar Asunta )

1986 Cariscript - Paris

DANTINNE, Emile

L'Oevre et la Pensée de Péladan

1948 Office de Publicité S.C. - Bruxelles

F.U.D.O.S.I., the

1946 San José, AMORC

GALTIER, Gerard

Maçonnerie Egyptienne Rose-Croix et Neo-Chevalerie

1989 Editions du Rocher

McINTOSH, Christopher

The Rosicrucians, The History, Mythology and Rituals of an Esoteric Order (Nov.1997)

MONEREAU, Michel

Les Secrets Hermetiques de la Franc-maconnerie

SABAH, Lucien

Une police politique de Vichy : le Service des Sociétés Secrètes

1996 Klincksiek - Paris

TROPHIMUS

A Martinist Treasury

1991 The Martinist Information Service - Greeley, Colorado - U.S.A.

VANLOO, Robert

Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde

1996 Claire Vigne - Paris

WITTEMANS, Franz

Geschiedenis der Rozenkruisers

1924 Uitgeverij W.N. Schors - Amsterdam

KOENIG, Peter R.

Das Oto-phaenomen

Der kleine Theodor-Reuss-Reader

The Ordo Templi Orientis Phenomen

Ein leben fuer die Rose ( Arnoldo Krumm-Heller)

CLYMER, Reuben Swynburne.

The Rosicrucian fraternity in America (in 2 Volumes)

The Rose Cross Order

The Book of Rosicruciae

LEWIS, Harvey Spencer

The complete history of the Rosicrucian Order

Audi Alteram Partem

Publ. "The American Rosae Crucis"(1917, 1920), "The Mystic Triangle" (1929)

INTERNET :

ROGGEMANS, Marcel

Geschiedenis van de Occulte en Mystieke Broederschappen

F.U.D.O.S.I. : Original Documents :

http://hieronymus.educator.webjump.com

correspondences M.Roggemans-Marie-Louise Dantinne

M.Roggemans - Mdm. Mallinger

M.Roggemans - Sar Asunta ( transl. Lelarge-files)

RENATUS, Tau

Introduction to the true face of french masonry

http://members.dynasty.net/merlin/chevil.htm

VANLOO, Robert

Controversy around a Document ("a letter from A.M.O.R.C. France to P.R.Koenig" and extracts from the book "Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde" Vanloo

http:// home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/Vanloo/Vanloo.htm

CESNUR, a critical page (about Massimo Introvigne)

http://www.ummah.org.uk/kelebek/cesnur/

BIBLIOTHECA PHILOSOPHICA HERMETICA, Amsterdam

http://www.ritmanlibrary.nl/

REDOLAR, Clemente

Rosacruz-las mentiras de los Rosacruz Amorc

http://members.es.tripod.de/truthamorc/index.html

PERSONAL FILES

Hieronymus, Imperator de la FUDOSI

Fr. ROGER MARECHAL, Liege-Belgium (file; Roggemans)

MARCEL ROGGEMANS, F.R.C. S::I::, innumerous personal correspondences between March and October, 2000+ translations of his website: "History of the Occult & Mystical Brotherhoods"

Robert VANLOO, personal correspondences

Fr. FUDICIUS, FRATRES LUCIS, personal correspondences

Special thanks to Peter R.Koenig for the valuable information on Reuss, Krumm -Heller, Hilfiker-Dunn, Traenker , etc.

Visit his Website : " THE ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS PHENOMENON" at:

http://www.cyberlink.ch/~koenig/intro.htm

ADDENDA

Table of Contents

Addendum 1 Harvey Spencer Lewis' history of the

O.T.O., excerpt from

'Audi Alteram Partem' c)1935

Addendum 2 T.A.W.U.C. , Reuss'handwritten manuscript

Addendum 3 articles from 'The Mystic Triangle', publ.

A.M.O.R.C. Sept.1921, and 'Rosicrucian

Digest' sept.1930

Addendum 4 Notes on Chapter 5, Egyptian Masonry:

Addendum 5 F.U.D.O.S.I. Symbol

Addendum 6 Victor Blanchard

Addendum 7 Saint-Yves d'Alveydre and 'Synarchy'

Addendum 8 a 'War of the Roses' in America,

Clymer versus Lewis

Addendum 9 List of affiliated Orders and Counsel-dignitaries

1

BY ENTRANCE AND BY LEAVING OF THE CHAPTER ASSEMBLY, AND WHEN THE KNIGHTS STAND IN ORDER, DO THE SIGN OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD AND GIVE THE ENTRANCE WORD"GOLGOTHA".

THE GREAT PASSWORD IS "LOGOS".THE HOLY WORD IS INRI.

TAKE YOUR PLACE IN THE WEST UNDER THE COMRADES OF THE HIGH AND ILLUSTRIOUS KNIGHTHOOD OF THE ROSY-CROSS! (Speech!)

SUBLIME KNIGHT OF THE EAGLE AND PELICAN AND OF THE ROSY-CROSS OF HEREDOM "18. degree".

Reuss' V° The High Chapter of the Knights of the Rosy-Cross

P.R.Koenig "Theodor Reuss – O.T.O. Rituals

http://www.dplanet.ch/users/prkoenig/html/rit5.htm

Addendum1 refers to part three of the forum :'1934-1951 F.U.D.O.S.I.' which deals with the relationship between Harvey Spencer Lewis of A.M.O.R.C. and Theodor Reuss and Heinrich Traenker of the German O.T.O. and COLLEGIUM PANSOPHICUM. Despite the fact that Lewis and the German 'Adepts' did have no interest in each other, after the collaborations between their Orders proved to be a failure, Lewis always respected people like Reuss and the O.T.O in his writings.

In Part 3 i wrote (quote) :

'Strangely enough, in the thirties Lewis refers to Reuss as an important European relation to A.M.O.R.C. The reference can be found in a book (LIBER D / Whitebook series ) written by Lewis, published in 1935, called " AUDI ALTERAM PARTEM" ("Hear the other side")'

An excerpt from the original text written by H.S. Lewis :

( Lewis states under the cover of his ' National Membership Defense

Committee' that :)

" THE COMMITTEE HAS SEEN INDISPUTABLE EVIDENCE (...) TO THE EFFECT THAT THE ORDER OF THE ORIENTAL TEMPLE WAS AFFILIATED WITH THE GENUINE ROSICRUCIAN ORGANIZATION AS FAR BACK AS THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY IN EUROPE AND IN 1895 JOHN YARKER, EMINENT MASONIC HISTORIAN (1) IN LONDON WAS SUPREME MAGUS OF THE O.T.O (??) THEODOR REUSS -(WILSSON)- "PEREGRINUS'- WAS THE ELECTED SUCCESSOR TO YARKER. IT HAS SEEN RECORDS OF A CONVENTION OF THE O.T.O. HELD IN EUROPE IN 1906 AND 1908, AND IT HAS SEEN A COPY OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE O.T.O. PUBLISHED IN AUSTRIA AND GERMANY IN 1907, PROVING THAT THE ORGANIZATION WAS A LARGE ONE BEFORE 1911. IT HAS SEEN EVIDENCE TO PROVE THAT THE CHARTER GRANTED TO H.SPENCER LEWIS IN THE NAME OF THE O.T.O. WAS NOT GRANTED BY CROWLEY(2), BUT BY THE WELLKNOWN EUROPEAN MYSTIC, MAGUS THEODOR

REUSS-WILLSON OF MUNICH, WHOSE LATIN OFFICIAL NAME IS KNOWN ALL OVER EUROPE AS 'PEREGRINUS'

http:// home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

P.R.Koenig "Robert Vanloo -Controversy around a document"

Exc. From Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde, Vanloo 1996

Thus Lewis.

Of course most of the information Lewis gives about the O.T.O.

related to Yarker and the Rosicrucians of the 17th. century is nonsense. The O.T.O. is an Order founded by Reuss and probably Karl Kellner, in the beginning of the 20th.century. As for John Yarker, Reuss bought a warrant from John Yarker for THE ANCIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE of MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM, and also for the CERNEAU-Version of the ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED RITE (N.Y. 1807),

Yarker had not even heard of the O.T.O. simply because the Order did not excist at that time. But the statement i want to make is that Lewis refers to the O.T.O as a respectful, ancient, TRUE Order of the Ancient and Venerable Rosicrucians of Europe ! ( maybe he just needed proof for the 'authenticity' of his own Order and used the various charters given by various 'Adepts' to support his claims.....these 'charters were just

'Honorary Diploma's')

The A.M.O.R.C. of the present day has a total different opinion about the O.T.O. ......

t o b e c o n t i n u e d ....

1) One of John Yarker's most famous works is called 'ARCANE SCHOOLS'.

For anyone who is interested in this 'classic' :

http://www.kena.org/hirams/religion_and_philosophy.htm

One this page you'll find a lot of ZIP.FILES of Masonic interest. For

Yarker, open : YARKERAS.ZIP

2) I personally have seen a charter written by Aleister Crowley for H.S. Lewis. It was dated 'the 14th year of the new aeon'. The 'new aeon' refers to Crowley's "Cairo-workings" in 1904 where he 'received' (attunement) the 'BOOK OF THE LAW'. 'The 14th year of the new aeon' is therefore 1918. Of course, AMORC denies the existence of the charter.......

2

SUMMA SCIENTIA, NIHIL SCIRE. NIHIL SCIRE, OMNIA POSSE.*

As we can read in part 2, which deals with the relationship between Theodor Reuss (O.T.O.) and Harvey Spencer Lewis (A.M.O.R.C.), there were official plans for a forthcoming collaboration between Reuss' O.T.O. and A.M.O.R.C. in 1921. On the following URL we can find a document of historical value.

It's a facsimile of Theodor Reuss' handwritten manuscript for T.A.W.U.C., 'THE AMORC WORLD UNION COUNCIL'. The Url can be found at : P.R.Koenig "Theodor Reuus' handwritten Manuscript for TAWUC"

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/reuss/tawuc.jpg.

As you can see the document is written in German. Furthermore Reuss'handwriting is not easy to read. After enhancing and sharpening the actual text, i was able to translate about 70% of the actual text :At the top of the page we can read :

T.A.W.U.C. - The European version of the American Rosae Crucis. The official organ of the A.M.O.R.C. World Council. An exponent of the Mystical Rosicrucians.

Muenchen @ San Fransisco October, 1921.

At the left margin we can read i.a. :

Contents :

a)Manifesto , b) the Origin of the Order, d) Introduction, e) Manuscript-excerpts, c) the text refers probably to certain titles of manuscripts/papers, one of them reads :" The Dead Fisherman ".

At the bottom (left) : Correspondence-Address, Andreas Ullmer/ Muenchen.

Right margin i.a. :

c) Parsifal and The Secret of the Graal Unveiled, The True Secrets of Masonry- by T. Reuss, The Eucharist .....

Apparently the 'The A.M.O.R.C. WORLD UNION COUNCIL' ( T.A.W.U.C.) was based upon Reuss' writings "LINGAM-YONI" (1906) and "PARSIFAL" (1914). For anyone who's interested in these 'sexmagical writings' :

THEODOR REUSS :'PARSIFAL AND THE SECRET OF THE GRAAL UNVEILED'

http://www.dplanet.ch/users/prkoenig/html/parsifal.htm

THEODOR REUSS :'LINGAM-YONI'

http://www.dplanet.ch/users/prkoenig/html/lingam.htm

P.R.Koenig

"according to the title-page its author used "old and secret documents of an Order" but the book was hardly more than a translation of "PHALLISM: A DESCRIPTION OF THE LINGAM-YONI.... AND OTHER SYMBOLS CONNECTED WITH THE MYSTERIES OF SEXWORSHIP"' privately printed at London in 1889." (source: P.R.Koenig).

Furthermore it's interesting to know that Lewis at one time was probably interested in these teachings. Phallism is one of the most misunderstood aspects of the Mysteries, especially in our time. The teachings Reuss taught were of a 'passive nature'.

t o b e c o n t i n u e d ..... source:p.r.koenig

"THE HIGHEST WISDOM IS TO KNOW NOTHING, KNOWING NOTHING MAKES ANYTHING POSSIBLE"

3

"HAIL UNTO THEE, THOU REVERED SYMBOL OF LIVE, OF LOVE AND OF RESURRECTION ! IN THE CENTRE POINT OF THIS SACRED SIGN APPEARS THE ROSE AS THE SYMBOL OF THE SOUL OF MAN. THOU SHALT HENCEFORTH BE MY SIGN ! HAIL UNTO THEE, O ROSYCROSS !"

________________________________________

This Addendum is a continuation of the Addenda 1 and 2, in which certain documents, writings etc. are published of H.S.Lewis, T.Reuss, and H.Traenker. The writings concern the 'collaborations' between Harvey Spencer Lewis of A.M.O.R.C. and Theodor Reuss of the O.T.O., and H.S.Lewis and Heinrich Traenker of the PANSOPHIC MOVEMENT.

The following article is written by H.S. Lewis in the 1921 september issue of ' THE MYSTIC TRIANGLE' , the official AMORC- magazine at the time. In the article Lewis announces that he had received during the summer, from the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, a document granting upon him "the highest Masonic Degrees". "This document also conferred the Imperator with the title of ' Most Illustrious Sir Knight and Frater R.C' and appointed A.M.O.R.C. of America as ' gage of amity for the Ordo Templi Orientis of Europe'. However there was no mention by Lewis in the magazine concerning

the person who had signed the charter because it just said that the

document came from a 'Sovereign Sanctum of Freemasonry abroad' " :

(source: Robert Vanloo)

P.R.Koenig http:// home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

Excerpt from Vanloo's "Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde, 1996 edition

" One other item may interest our members. A large and interesting

document was received during the month of August from a sovereign sanctum of Freemasonry abroad conferring upon our Imperator the highest Masonic degrees such as Honorary 33* and the 90* and 95* Degrees of the Ancient and Primitive Rites of Memphis-Mizraim (under a charter of authority issued by John Yarker, the eminent Masonic authority and historian and Sovereign Grand Master General of England) whereby our Imperator is given the Masonic titles of PRINCE OF MEMPHIS (Egypt), MEMBER OF THE SOVEREIGN TRIBUNAL AND DEFENDER OF THE ORDER; and SOVEREIGN PATRIARCHAL GRAND CONSERVATOR OF THE RITES, SUBLIME PRINCE OF THE MAGI. The honorary 33th Degree carries with it the title of KNIGHT GRAND INSPECTOR GENERAL. The document further makes the Imperator an Honorary member of the Sovereign Sanctuary of Switzerland, Austria and Germany. These Masonic honors are conferred under the charter and authority of grand Orient of Ancient Gaul and the Supreme Sanctuary of Great Britain.Also the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS(ORIENTAL ORDER OF THE TEMPLE, FRATERNITY OF THE HERMETIC LIGHT), has conferred its high degrees upon our Imperator with the title of Most Illustrious Sir Knight and Fratre R.C., appointing our Supreme Lodge in this country as Gage of Amity for the Ordo Templi Orientis of Europe "

(source: the Mystic Triangle, sept. 29, 1921 , publ; A.M.O.R.C.)

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

Robert Vanloo

The actual titles do not appear on the Charter issued by Reuss, they are derived from titles of certain Grades of the MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM RITE. The titles don't give any authority whatsoever ! They are just titles of certain Masonic degrees which Lewis certainly never actually worked. The M:.M:.Rite was incorporated, like so many other Orders and Rites, in the constitution of the O.T.O, and as we all know the charter Lewis received was an Honorary Charter which did not confer any authorization concerning the O.T.O. What could be the reason for Lewis' claims of titles, his claims of a Council of the Universe of which he spoke, of which he was a high officer etc.

________________________________

Another article during his collaborations with Heinrich Traenker of

PANSOPHIA, published in THE ROSICRUCIAN DIGEST of September 1930. - the article concerns a most uncredible story of a bloodtransfusion from one of the descendants of the 'original Christian Rosenkreuz'. Of course the following article is linked with Traenker (Traenker as 'a Rosicrucian Grand Master') but is Lewis' pure invention. As stated in part 3, Traenker and Lewis collaborated in the "PANSOPHIA INTERNATIONAL ROSICRUCIAN COUNCIL", which turned out to be a disillusion for both Traenker and Lewis. The final result of the partnership was the publication in november 1930 under the heading ' INTERNATIONAL HEADQUARTERS OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE ANCIENT MYSTICAL ORDER ROSAE CRUCIS, BERLIN' of an 'OFFICIAL COMMUNICATION TO ALL HUMANITY' otherwise known as ' SECOND OFFICIAL FAMA', said to be issued through the ' UNITED ORGANIZATIONS OF THE ROSE CROSS : A.M.O.R.C., BROTHERHOOD OF THE ROSE CROSS, FRATERNITAS HERMETICA LUCIS, ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, COLLEGIUM PANSOPHIA, SOCIETAS PANSOPHIA'.

" The recent convention of Rosicrucians at San Jose during the month of July became of greater importance than we anticipated through the fact that it actually became an International Convention. Among the highlights of important matters that were settled by the Convention are the following : First, the presentation of documents and records showing that A.M.O.R.C. throughout the world is one solid, universal organization without any divisions other than geographical ones. The most important of the documents in this regard was one sent here for this Convention by the Imperator and Supreme Council of the Order in Germany (read: TRAENKER). The Rosicrucian Order there, known as the ROZEN KREUZER, has an unbroken existence for many centuries, for it has adhered to the ancient principles of the Order whereby each Supreme Grand Master is succeeded by one of his sons or a brother of his blood. In some countries where such succession has been made impossible because the Grand Masters had no offspring or relatives, the lineal descent through blood relationship has been maintained by the transfusion of blood from the body of the existing Grand master to the new and succeeding officer before the transition of the former. In every case where an Imperator has been appointed for a new jurisdiction, after a period of inactivity where there were no direct descendants in the interval, the new Imperator was always selected from

among those persons who were the nearest relatives to the last Grand Master. Such selected persons journeyed abroad and in a high council meeting, and in the presence of the other Masters, was acclaimed as the nearest in direct link, and later the blood of the highest Master in direct line was transfused into his body to give him the actual blood relationship to the direct line. Thus in all of the active jurisdictions today, the highest officer has received through transfusion the blood of C.R-C and is a DIRECT SUCCESSOR TO THIS EMINENT CHARACTER WHOSE ORIGINAL IDENTITY IS SO CAREFULLY CONCEALED. The C.R-C. of Germany, who became so well known in the 17th century, was one of these descendants of the original C.R-C., and it may be of interest to our members to know that our Imperator here in North America has also RECEIVED THE TRANSFUSION OF DIRECT BLOOD because of his actual relationship, indirectly, TO RELATIVES OF THE ORIGINAL ROSENKREUZERS of ancient times. The German document sent here was only signed and sealed by the head of the organization in Germany, but countersigned and sealed by the highest officers of the German Government and is an indisputable document, and finally countersigned and sealed by the American Consul General in Berlin".

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

Robert Vanloo

By representing these published articles, claims etc. we'll get a better picture of the intentions of H.S. Lewis. I'm personally convinced that the sole purpose of all his international collaborations, communications etc. was to lend credibility to his own organization, A.M.O.R.C.

From the early days on, Lewis was being forced into producing tangible proofs of filiation and authenticity by his 'followers'. Finally the F.U.D.O.S.I. would lend A.M.O.R.C. it's credibility.........

4

"WHEN ADAM WAS FIRST PRESENTED TO THE HIERARCHS BY GOD, SATAN, WHO WAS AT THAT TIME THE GREATEST OF THE SERAPHIM AND REGENT OF HEAVEN, REFUSED TO BOW BEFORE THE NEW CREATION.'HOW CAN A SON OF FIRE BOW TO A SON OF CLAY ?' HE RESPONDED."

Addendum 4 refers to part 6 of the forum "F.U.D.O.S.I. 1934-1951". This Addendum is build around the references in part 6, marked 1 up to 6.

_______________________________________

1)

'THE ANTIENT RITE OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM'. For information upon this Rite, which playes an important role within the 19th. and 20th century esoteric movement, l'll refer (for the time being) to the following internet-sides.

All i'll say for now is, that the Rite is build around the 'Scottish Rite', the 'Memphis Rite' and the 'Misraim Rite' which are derived themselves from Old, Hermetic-Masonic Rites from the 18th century such as :

'THE RITE OF ELECTED COHENS' , 1721

'THE RITE OF HEREDOM or PERFECTION', 1743

'THE INITIATED BROTHERS OF ASIA', 1780

'THE ELECTED COHENS', 1734, in Marseilles, Toulouse and Bordeaux, France.

'ACADEMY OF TRUE MASONS' , Avignon 1760

'EMPIRE OF THE EAST AND WEST' , 1753, later rectified as the 'ANTIENT AND

ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE' in 33 degrees.

'ORDER OF AFRICAN ARCHITECTS', 1767

'CRATA REPOA'

'CLERKS OF RELAXED OBSERVANCE', 1767, founded by Baron Von Hund, a Rite

which produced the 'HIGH OBSERVANCE', devoted to Hermetic Magic, Alchemy etc.

'PHILOSOPHICAL SCOTCH RITE' , 1776

'RITE OF PHILALETHES', 1773, founded by Court de Gebelin

'RITE OF CAGLIOSTRO', 1779

'PRIMITIVE RITE OF PHILADELPHES OF NARBONNE', 1779.To this Rite the M:.M:.

refers for the origin of its principles and form of organization.

For further information upon the MEMPHIS-MISRAIM RITE, MEMPHIS-RITE, and the

ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MASONRY' see :

1) http://users.londonweb.net/ibcsystems/home.htm

a side created and maintained by the Rite in England under the Auspices of

the International Sanctuary, including a short biography of John Yarker.

2) http://www.iss-ic-memphis-misraim.org/

issued under the authority of the international Sovereign Sanctuary of the

ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM, the international

coordination.

3) http://members.xoom.com/misraim/MEMPHIS-USA.html

a sketch of the history of the Rite in France, America and Great Britain,with Charters & other documents from the archives of the Sovereign Sanctuary, Supreme power of THE REGULAR MASONIC RITE OF MEMPHIS.

4) http://members.xoom.com/misraim/memphisusa2.html

a brief introduction and summary of the history of the Rite of Memphis.

note: side 1 & 2 are websites of the ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF

MEMPHIS-MISRAIM.

Side 3 and 4 are websites maintained by the RITE OF MEMPHIS in the U.S.A.

On side 3 one can also find the history of THE ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF

MASONRY, a system worked by John Yarker of 33 Degrees (instead of the

original 90 degrees). EXCELLENT SIDE !

2)

What is of interest to the forum is the function of the M:.M:. Rite within the esoteric movement at the beginning of the twentieth century. The Rite has always been criticized, the rituals were too pompous without any real value, the lectures with many historical inaccuracies (which is true, but

these inaccuracies can be found within a lot of masonic Rites), even described as being a total sham. And yet good and sincere masons have associated with it. Concerning it's value i'll quote the words of the famous historian/Mason and "Rosicrucian" Arthur Edward Waite (1857-1942): "The degrees of the Rite are curious as such, while a few of them are not unimportant, in spite of egregious titles of dignity and of ridiculous claims".

Many prominent and leading personalities of the esoteric community at the time, were also involved with the Rite. Gerard Anaclet Encausse (Papus,1865-1916), for instance, one of the co-founders of the original MARTINIST ORDER, was Great Hierophant of the M:.M:. from 1913 on until he died in 1916.

One of the basic pillars of the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, founded by Theodor Reuss at the beginning of the 20th. century, were the charters he'd received (bought) from JohnYarker of the Swedenborgh Rite, the Antient and Primitive Scottish Rite, and the Memphis-Misraim Rite.

Many O.T.O. members consider themselves to be Freemasons. The 3th degree (Master magician) is in the O.T.O system compatible to the MASTER MASON degree of general freemasonry (Blue Lodge).

It is known that the THEOSOPHIC SOCIETY of H.P. Blavatsky had an 'Inner Order' for "practical work", called the 'Esoteric Section' (or Esoteric School). The Leading members, who resided within the E.S., were also members of the M:.M:.Rite. It was a co-membership!

When one aspired to be a member of the inner circle of the Theosophical Society, one automatically had to become a member of the M:.M:.Rite.....

Rudolf Steiner, for instance, became the Grand Master of the Rite in Germany while being a member of the Theosophical Society (He left the Rite in 1914).

Finally, within the Belgian Lodges of Rombauts and Mallinger the Rite was used to recruit members for the Initiatic orders of Emile Dantinne, the O::H::T::M::, Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universelle (the Universal Order of the Rose+Cross), Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire (Order of the Rose+Cross University). In 1934 the Belgian branch rectified and reconstituted the Rite and it's degrees as we've seen in part 5. But what is not mentioned is that the motives of some of the leading members of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were not of an esoteric nature. In part 6 of the forum i'll discuss the political reasons for the reconstitution of the Rite. This side of the F.U.D.O.S.I. is not often discussed.......

3)

Francois Wittemans was a Belgian historian/ FRC/Freemason who wrote a book on the rosicrucian movement called 'a New & Authentic History of the Rosicrucians' at the time.

It's considered a good book by some, on the traditional R+C history as well as on its modern aspects." A curiousity is the section about Imperator Lewis legendaric demonstration where he transmitted Zinc into Gold. The book has been severly criticized because it contains an unaccuracy on Crowley. All in all this book is providing many rare informations" (source : Melchior , a Rosicrucian Page)

"Also please note that Fr Wittemans, the author of the History of the Rosicrucians was guided and influenced by HS Lewis. Fr Wittemans was a member of the Theosophical Society

HSL kept insisting he point out that AMORC was the real Rosicrucian Order and that other groups were false. Fr Wittemans kept asking for payment to be able to keep writing and was initially negotiating with Macoy - the Masonic publishers. They kept writing back to him questioning his assertions re AMORC.

Rather disingeniously , HSL then claimed that even Fr Wittemans supported AMORC's position as the real RC Order, when it was HSL who had influenced the sincere and trusting Br Wittemans to make the original assertion".

(source: Elias Ibrahim- Martinist E-Group)

4)According to the F.U.D.O.S.I. the source of the 'Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Mizraim' had to be a Rosicrucian source. Their 'philosophy' was simple. According to their Traditional History the Source of Rosicrucianism was Ancient Egypt. According to the traditional History of the M:.M:. Rite the source of the two Rites was .... Ancient Egypt. One has to remember that the traditional source of the Memphis Rite is not the same source as the origin of the Misraim Rite. Both Rites existed next to each other before 1880. The Memphis-Rite mentions Ormuz as it's founder, while the Misraim-Rite mentions Menes as it's founder. Despite this information the following explanation of the name Memphis-Misraim was given at the time:

"Memphis was the capital city of Ancient Egypt during the reign of the the first king of Egypt, Menes, in 5600 b.c. Mizraim is a hebrew word that means " the Egyptians".

"Memphis-Mizraim" therefore signifies 'THE EGYPTIANS OF THE CITY OF MEMPHIS".

This kind of historical claims and research is typical of the esoteric

Orders and societies, and especially A.M.O.R.C.(again, writer's opinion)

5)

Constant Chevillon stated in the document that Lewis was initiated by Reuss in Germany in 1921.

This was not true. Lewis was never 'initiated' by Reuss. He received a charter from the O.T.O. as a 'Honorary member' , a gage of amity. Lewis received the 7th degree ('O.T.O. VII° Grand Councillor of the Mystical Templars'). For further details, see Part II of this forum (Reuss , Lewis & T.A.W.U.C.)

6)

Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) was an italian Patriot. He was born in Nice, France. He fought for the unification of Italy. In 1870 He fought with the French Army. In 1864 he was the Grand Master of the Italian Grand Lodge of Freemasonry. In 1880, under his authority, the Memphis Rite and the Misraim-Rite were united in the "ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM". Garibaldi was the first international Grand Master of the Rite, Ad Vitam.

' EVERY NEW CYCLE IS BORN IN HAVOC AND PAIN '

5

... ... ... CONVERSELY, NATURAL SYMBOLS PERSIST, SINCE THEY ARE ROOTED IN SOME PHENOMENON OF NATURE WHICH MEN OF EACH CENTURY PERCEIVE MORE OR LESS ALIKE. THE INTERPRETATION OF THE SYMBOL MAY ALTER; NAMELY, THERE MAY COME ABOUT AN ELABORATION OF THE IDEAS IT REPRESENTS, BUT IT WILL CONTINUE TO BE RELATED TO THE ORIGINAL CONCEPTION HAD BY MAN.

Sar Validivar (1), Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. - "The Eternal Symbol" publ. 1946

THE EMBLEM OF THE F.U.D.O.S.I.

by

Dr. JEAN MALLINGER, F.R.C.

Grand Chancellor of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

"It is our much regretted Imperator, Dr.H.Spencer Lewis (Sar Alden), who created and drew the Universal symbol of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

He presented it to the members of the Congress in 1934 and, owing to its profound significance, its uncommon and original combination, it was unanimously adopted.

It represents the MYSTICAL EGG which, in Egypt, of old, involved all the Mysteries.

In its center are 2 bipolar magnets, representing the 2 hemispheres united in one same spiritual brotherhood. Initiation is indeed Universal and all men of good will are entitled to it, whatever be their birth country.

An unfinished TRIANGLE and an incomplete SQUARE are coupled together in its center, because all traditional initiations, far from combatting each other, are complementary, one to the other, so as to give a unique light to the Neophyte.

The HOLY CROSS in the center represents the CHRISTIAN current of Initiation, whereas the SQUARE symbolizes the HELLENIC Initiation and the TRIANGLE the MARTINIST Initiation. This symbol archives the miracle of realizing the spiritual Unity.

During the Convention held in Paris in 1937, our Brother, Sar Iohannes (2), showed to the astonished members of the Congress that, by placing the symbol of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on the revolving disc of a phonograph and giving it an increasing speed, there came a moment when a new esoteric symbol appeared which, by itself, involved and vivified all other symbols: the true SWASTIKA of the Hindu Initiation ..."

notes :

(1) 'Sar Validivar' was the "Nomen Mysticum" of Ralph Maxwell Lewis, son of Harvey Spencer Lewis. Ralph M. Lewis became the Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. in 1939, after his father died on August 2 of that same year. In September of 1939 he was also installed as Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. As stated in part 5 the F.U.D.O.S.I. was headed officially by a Triumvirat of three Imperators.

(2) 'Sar Iohannes' was the "Nomen Mysticum" of Dr.Hans Grueter, Grand Master of A.M.O.R.C. for France at the time. He was a dentist from Nice. Grueter was also a Freemason (33*), member of the 'Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim'(97*) and member of B'nai B'rith. At one time he was a member of the 'Supreme Conseil de la Grande Loge de France' and chairman of the 'Philosophie Ecossaise Internationale'. An intrigueing question is how Grueter could accept the statements made by Sar Hieronymus / Emile Dantinne, in which he condemned the Jewish people as a race (see part 7). Hans Grueter is stated to be a member of the B'NAI B'RITH, founded in 1843 as a para-masonic Order, strictly reserved for Jews. The Constitution of the B'NAI B'RITH firmly states that one of the main reasons the Order was founded, was to unite all Jews in a fraternal brotherhood and to protect their people against any form of anti-semiticiscm. So how could Dr.Grueter accept the views of some of the F.U.D.O.S.I. members concerning the Jewish race, Grueter being a Jew himself ?

Update, Oct.28, 2000 :

The documents concerned were found in the private collection (Lelarge-files) of Emile Dantinne. They were not published at the time of the existance of the Federation. Even Martin Erler (OHTM/ORA) , Dantinne's "successor" was not aware of the existence of these documents. Erler inherited most of the personal files belonging to Dantinne. When Marcel Roggemans confronted Erler with the controversial documents, Erler was shocked and told Roggemans he never knew or heard of the existance of the documents with its anti-Jewish statements. Therefore it is reasonable to presume that the other dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were not aware of Dantinne's views at the time. At the end of Chapter 9 the text refers to a possible explanation for the existance of the controversial documents (Lucien Sabah "Une police politique de Vichy: le Service des Sociétés Secrètes" ).

6

" ... THE CIRCLE OF WHITE LIGHT, BEING THE REVELATION OF THE NATURE OF THE SELF. THE FISH IS FREED FROM ITS SPATIAL-TEMPORAL BONDS, AND THE HEART IS NOW VOID FROM PASSION.

THE CIRCLE OF LIGHT IS THE WHITE STONE, THE IMMORTAL FOETUS IN TAOISM, THE SEED INDESTRUCTABLE, THE WING RECOVERED. VITALITY RECOVERED, THE ELIXER PREPARED, THE LIGHT SOARS UP TO THE ORIGINAL CAVITY OF THE SPIRIT AND MANIFESTS BRIGHTLY BETWEEN THE EYES. THIS IS THE LEAP INTO THE VOID, THE RE-ABSORPTION INTO THE ONE ... "

W.H.Mueller,"POLARIA"

*************************************************

VICTOR BLANCHARD (1878-1953)

Addendum 6 is dedicated to Victor Blanchard, a leading character within the F.U.D.O.S.I. and the Martinist-movement, as well as several other occult societies. Blanchard was Gerard Encausse's (Papus) secretary, with whom he organized the Spiritualist Congress in Paris in 1908. Victor Blanchard was, between the two World Wars the Sovereign Grand Master of 'THE MARTINIST ORDER AND SYNARCHIE', under the initiatic name (nomen mysticum) of Paul Yesir. He was a disciple of Saint-Yves d'Alveydre (1842-1909, 'developed the

philosophy of 'SYNARCHY', a ' vision' of a world-leadership based on spiritual & social foundations). He was head of the general secretariat for the Members of Parliament of France. According to Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim), "his knowledge of magnetism, and the sacred literature of Egypt were remarkable".

As already mentioned above, Victor Blanchard was Papus'secretary within 'THE MARTINIST ORDER', founded by Papus and Chaboseau in 1891. When Papus died in 1916, he was succeeded by Charles Détré (also known as 'Téder'). Téder constructed in 1913 the standard rituals of 'the Martinist Order'. According to 'Sar Anael' of the 'ORDEN MARTINISTA' from Spain, Téder used the written ritual of Francois-Charles Barlet (member of the original 'SUPRÈME CONSEIL de L'ORDRE MARTINISTE and successor of Stanislas de Guaita, one of the founders of the 'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX'). Téder's leadership was short-lived, just two years after the death of Papus Téder died in 1918.

Blanchard also acted as Téder's deputy. Who would succeed Téder as the next Grand Master? Some sources are convinced that Victor Blanchard was appointed to be the successor of Téder. History tells us that Jean Bricaud became the successor of Téder as Grand Master of the Martinist Order. Fact is that "in the absence of well established rules regarding the nomination or succession of a Grand Master, it is impossible to say wether Bricaud or Blanchard was the legitimate Grand Master".

BLANCHARD vs. BRICAUD

The following passage is written by Robert Ambelain and can be found in "Le Martinisme" on page 150. It clearly undermines Jean Bricaud's Legitimacy of transmission from Téder.

"Regarding Bricaud's alleged rights to Grand Mastership of the Martinist Order there are also several witnesses i can remember. One of the witnesses is still living here in Paris (note- this was in 1946). Brother Nicholas Choumitsky (from whom Ambelain received the Russian Martinist filiation), of an old Russian Martinist family...pupil and disciple of Charles Barlet, has told me:

'I returned to France in 1919. Téder had died. I asked Chacornac Snr, who was therefore the Grand Master of the Martinist Order, and he answered:"It is Blanchard". I therefore made contact with Blanchard. A meeting was organized between Bricaud and Blanchard. It took place in a café. Blanchard arrived with some members of his Supreme Council. Bricaud arrived alone,

P>bringing with him a document, framed in glass, which claimed that Téder had nominated him as his successor. Blanchard became violently angry, and after examination of the document, the unanimous opinion was that it was not authentic. Bricaud left the impression on those attending of being superficial and lacking any depth. I then turned to Charles Barlet and asked

him who was the true successor of Téder. He smiled and said that Martinism was "a circle whose circumference was everywhere and the center nowhere". He intended by this that it did not have a Grand Master. Afterwards Madame Detre (Téder's wife) told me that her husband could not have designated a successor since he wasn't at all intending to die! According to her he died following a magical ritual'.

The document mentioned, still existing in the Archives of the Martinist Order, mainly advises the dignitaries of the 'Ordre Martiniste'of Téder's death.It is signed "Jean Bricaud 33 90 95, President of the Suprème Counsil and Grand Master General of the Order". Bricaud referred to himself as Grand Master, without consulting the dignitaries of the Order. "And since Téder had not nominated anyone, as can be seen, the result was a little too immediate...The Grand Counsils of Italy, Spain, and of Great Britain, cut off their relations with the Suprème Counsil of Lyon. A great number of French Martinists joined Blanchard and his 'Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique', others remained isolated and rejoined Augustin Chaboseau's (Founder of the Martinist Order, together with Papus) Traditional Martinist Order, 12 years later."

Another important fact, which would influence the developments within the Martinist Order, was the "connection" between the Martinist Order and Freemasonry, propagated by Téder.

The story already began in 1908 at the Congress in Paris, organized by Papus. Papus and Téder looked at the possibilities to connect the Martinist Order with the High degrees of French Freemasonry. It seems that in 1914 Papus and Téder came to an agreement with Dr. de Ribeaucourt, Grand Master of the RITE ECOSSAIS RECTIFICÉ (the Scottish Rectified Rite 1*),to create a Martinist Grand Chapter which would act as a bridge between the Martinist Order and Scottish Freemasonry. Unfortunately for this project, the first World War, the death of Papus in 1916, and a change in the Grand Mastership of the R.E.R. brought an end to this project. But Téder started to work upon this concept, in which he overlooked all the possibilities for a possible union between the Order and Masonry. The outcome was the birth of the 'ORDRE MARTINISTE-MARTINÉZISTE de LYON' in 1916. One of the consequences was that women were excluded from the Order, because Masonry did not accept women.

After the death of Téder in 1918, Jean Bricaud decreed that the Martinist Order would only admit Masons of the 3rd Degree, also known within Craft Masonry as 'Master Masons'. Many original Members did not approve of this "Masonizing" of the Order, and many, as we've already seen, refused to recognize the new regime with it's restrictions on certain classes of Members ( particularly on the Sisters of the Martinist Order, who were excluded from Masonry). "Among the brothers who desired to preserve the original character of the Order was Victor Blanchard". He founded, with some old members of the first Supreme Council, his own Martinist Order on the 3rd of January, 1921. This Order would later become known as the 'ORDRE MARTINISTE et SYNARCHIQUE'. The Martinist Order of Bricaud tented to pace itself in the tradition of the ELUS COHEN of Pasqually and Willermoz, reserving entry to the Order to men who also had to be 'Master Masons', thereby continuing the attempts by Téder to link Martinism with Freemasonry.

Blanchard remained a practitioner of esoteric syncretism as practised by Papus, and in a similar manner allowed women to join and did not require the Masonic qualification. Victor Blanchard linked himself with the ideas of Saint-Yves d'Alveydre, and therefore added to the name of the Order the epithet "SYNARCHY"."No doubt, that by working at the secretariat of the Members of Parliament, he aspired to influence the course of political events by his occult activities, and by disseminating the ideals of Synarchie".

BLANCHARD and the Occult Orders

"Victor Blanchard was also a Mason in the Grand Oriënt of France where he was a member of the "Grand College of Rites". Blanchard was also a dignitary in a number of other occult orders:

*1908 L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE - Blanchard was initiated by

Jean Bricaud on May 15, 1918, under the name of TAU TARGELIUS

*1888 L'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX - Blanchard succeeded

Lucien Chamuel, who died in 1936, as Grand Master (until 1939, when he was succeeded by Chaboseau).

*1914 L'ORDRE DU LYS ET DU L'AIGLE - Order of the Lily and the Eagle(who in their higher degrees convey the initiation of the ROSE-CROIX of the ORIENT), of which Blanchard was a member and where he was Commander from 1918 on.

*1908 FRATERNITÉ DES POLAIRES - The Polaire Brotherhood, of which

Blanchard was President from 1933 on.

*1927 ORDRE HERMETISTE TÉTRAMÉGISTE ET MYSTIQUE / ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN

- The Pythagorean Order in which,"thanks to the links created by the F.U.D.O.S.I.", he obtained the 4th. and last degree "SUBLIME LUMINOUS CONSISTORY"

the F.U.D.O.S.I.

"He (Blanchard) was one of the most enthusiastic founders of the

F.U.D.O.S.I.(FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE

INITIATIONIS), which allowed him to continue the international action he commenced with Papus in June 1908, and conferred a new legitimacy with regard to Chevillon, who as Bricaud's successor he did not acknowledge. He was one of the three Imperators appointed in 1934 with special jurisdiction over Martinism and the countries of the East (Sar Hieronymus being Imperator for Europe, and Sar Alden being Imperator for the U.S.A.), Augustin Chaboseau replaced him as Imperator in 1939".

Blanchard, as a Grand Master of the Martinist Order, was chairman of the Martinist Convention, held on the 9th until the 16th. of August 1934 in Brussels (the FUDOSI-convention was divided into several conventions ...see part 5 "the first Convention"). At this special convention he initiated Emille Dantinne, Spencer Lewis and several other dignitaries of the FUDOSI into Martinism. Blanchard's Martinist Order was officially baptized "ORDRE MARTINISTE et SYNARCHIQUE".

Just prior to the Convention of August 1934 Blanchard visited Brussels to meet Armand Rombauts, who was initiated into the original Martinist Order of Papus. After the first World War Rombauts became the official delegate for the Martinist Order in Belgium. He also received the 90th degree of "The Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraïm" from Jean Bricaud in 1918 (more information on Rombauts, see Part 6). The meeting in May, 1934 of Blanchard and Rombauts resulted in the foundation of a Martinist Lodge in Belgium, called "URIËL". The installation of Lodge "Uriël" was the first official meeting between two of the leading characters, which would play a decisive role in the foundation of the F.U.D.O.S.I., in August of that same year. One has to keep in mind, that Armand Rombauts was 'the man behind the scene' within the F.U.D.O.S.I., because of his leading qualities and years of experiences within various esoteric fraternities. He was probably even more involved with the preliminary work of the Federation then Emille Dantinne.

Regarding the installation of the Martinist Lodge Rombauts wrote the following text in a magazine called "ADONHIRAM", which was published by Jean Mallinger:

"Un nouveau triangle martiniste sera installé à l'Oriënt de Bruxelles le vendredi 11 mai prochain à 20 h 30, sous le titre distinctif 'Uriël "(a new Martinist Triangle was installed .....)

In 1939 the dream was over for Blanchard, he was expelled from the

F.U.D.O.S.I. according to Jean Mallinger (disciple and close friend of Dantinne, FUDOSI-dignitary).

The reason cited is that"on July 14, 1938 Blanchard auto-consecrated himself as the Universal Grand Master of the Rose-Croix and of all the Initiatic Orders of the world. He sent a proclamation to each Grand Master of the federation, which requested allegiance and recognition of his new dignity.

As a result some members also left the 'Martinist Order and

Synarchy'(amongst them George Lagréze/Sar Mikael and Jeanne Guesdon/Sar Puritia). Many of them joined Augustin Chaboseau's 'Traditional Martinist Order'. He was also replaced in all other high offices he held. Only the 'Polaires'and the 'Martinist Order and Synarchy'remained loyal to him."

However... after World War II Blanchard reconciled with the FUDOSI in 1946, on the 5th Convent of the federation, held in Brussels at the "Francois Soetewey-Temple".Victor Blanchard died on the 14th of March, 1953 ... ....

OPENING ADRESS TO THE MASONIC AND SPIRITUALIST CONGRESS IN 1908

'Victor Blanchard was the Secretary-General of the masonic and Spiritualist Congress in 1908, organized by Papus. In Blanchard's opening adress he referred to it as "the first autonomous Congress of Occultism" and expressed in conclusion the hope of seeing all the French Masonic Rites coming to reïnforce "the Army of Christian Idealism". Here's a passage which exemplifies his thought at the time'

* "The doctrine which now excites your curiosity so much is not new,

whatever the critics of the history of philosophy may say.

* If we refer to purely historical documents, it is in the most famous

Sanctuaries of India and Egypt - inheritors of the traditional Wisdom of the

black races, Atlantis and Lemuria, that OCCULT SCIENCE was born.

* From there esotericism spread to China, Iran, Chaldea, Palestine,

Greece, Rome, the Gallic countries, Germany and all over the face of the

Earth.

* Let us not forget that this philosophy, at once human and divine

powerfully inspired all of the founders of the great ancient religions,

among them Ram or Lam, Confucius, Krishna, Zoroaster, MOSES, and Buddha. It

is from it that that the celebrated legislators of passed ages drew their

wisest institutions. It is from this sublime source, that the majority of

poets, philosophers and sages of antiquity and of modern times drew the best

part of their great and brilliant ideas. One rediscovers it hidden beneath

the literal text of all the Holy Scriptures of the East and West, in the

parables of Jesus, right up to the Epistles of St Paul. It was held by

certain fathers of the Church, the Gnostics, Troubadours, Trouveres,

Alchemists, heads of medieval guilds, and the intellectual elite of the

Templars, who having escaped torture and bloodshed, transmitted it later

through the intermediaries of the Rose-Croix, Freemasons, and Martinists.

* HERMETICISM is the scientific, philosophic, religious and social

synthesis of the past, present and will be, without doubt, that of the

future.

* The theologian, philosopher, the savant, doctor, moralist or

sociologist should make the effort to study occultism where alone they will

find together with the best solutions to theological, cosmological,

anthropological and sociological enigmas, as well as the elements which will

revivify their current knowledge, and how to regenerate the human body and

soul and of the whole of society.

* The historian, author and artist will also profit from these

slightly abstract studies. The first will discover the explanation of many

obscure and troubling facts; the second will easily penetrate the higher

sense of apparently absurd ancient myths and eastern fables, and will be

better able to decipher the mysteries of the human soul. The third will be

able to contemplate without tiring, the different forms which reveal the

Supreme Beauty in this world as in the other planes of the manifested

Universe, and consequently will be able to give them more adequate physical

expression than those which have been produced before.

* As for those who are tormented by the deeply anguishing problem of

life after death, they will be soon understand through exposure to our

doctrines, we hope, the rational certitude through experience of the

immortality of their conscious and spiritual principle, they will understand

that Divinity wants the best for all its creatures, and that the Heaven,

Purgatory and Hell of the naïve theologians are nothing more than the

physical and moral situations in which our soul finds itself throughout the

course of its eternal career . They will know that Reincarnation, taught in

the ancient mystery schools, just as it was in the original Christian

Church, and in modern initiations is one of the multiple means employed by

the Sovereign Bounty (or Supreme Good), in order to hasten the animical,

intellectual and spiritual evolution of each one of us. They will see that

man works out unceasingly through the conditions, which must preside over

successive lives in time and space. They will recognize that human beings

are all united to each other not only in actions, but also in words and

above all in thought. It is by these means that they will prepare

consciously the Coming on Earth of the True Fraternity and of the Reign of

the Holy Spirit, or of Science allied to Faith, of Reason united to

Intuition, a lasting and celestial fusion which the Feast of Pentecost

symbolizes so well."

http://www.geocities.com/hiram_abyss/Victor_Blanchard.html

website "Ancient Martinist Order-auth. Elias Ibrahim

( Note: The Feast of Pentecost, in 1908, fell on 7th June, the opening day of the Congress.)

1* The R.E.R. was known until 1772 as the RITE OF STRICT OBSERVANCE

( see Part 8 "Camille Savoir")

7

"IN THIRTY-TWO MYSTERIOUS PATHS OF WISDOM DID JAH, THE JEHOVAH OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL, THE LIVING ELOHIM, THE KING OF AGES, THE MERCIFUL AND GRACIOUS GOD, THE EXALTED ONE, THE DWELLER IN ETERNITY, MOST HIGH AND HOLY—ENGRAVE HIS NAME BY THE THREE SEPHARIM – NUMBERS, LETTERS, AND SOUNDS"

SEPHER YETZIRAH – Chapter 1 .'. Section 1

Saint-Yves d'Alveydre 1842-1909

Marquis Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre was a follower of the school of Jean-Philipe Dutoit-Membrini (a.k.a Keleph-ben-Natha, 1721-1793) and Fabre d'Olivet (1762-1825). Saint-Yves d' Alveydre, together with contemparies like Eliphas Levi, Maitre Philippe (Philippe Nizier), and Fabre d'Olivet, belonged to the most influental spiritual teachers of France at the time, the 19th. century. Gerard Encausse (Papus) saw Saint-Yves d'Alveydre as his intellectual teacher (Maitre Phillipe was Papus' spiritual teacher). Saint-Yves may be looked upon as a 19th century profound thinker, philosopher and mystic. He corresponded with all the well-known occultists of his time. In the year 1885 he was visited by a group of Eastern initiates, one of them named prince Hardjij Scharipf. Their mission was to inform Saint-Yves on 'AGARTTHA', a spiritual and political organization. Their visit lead to his last publication, titled "Mission de L'Inde en Europe, mission de L'Europe en Asie. La question des Mahatmas et sa solution". This book was dedicated to :" Au souverain Pontife qui porte la tiare aux sept couronnes au Brahatmah actuel de l'antique Paradésa du Cycle de l'Agneau et du Bélier." The book would never be published, because Saint-Yves changed his mind (he considered the actual content of the work too precious to share it with a profane society) and tore it to pieces (one copy survived, and was published in a limited edition in 1909). Saint-Yves d'Alveydre developed during his lifetime the principle of 'SYNARCHY'. 'Synarchy' would influence the political view of a lot of the leading occultists of the first half of the 20th. century, especially in continental Europe. For instance, the F.U.D.O.S.I. implemented the philosophy of Synarchy into their basic philosophy.

Saint-Yves' ideas for the concept of "Synarchy" were probably inspired on earlier works like Tomasso Campanella's 'CIVITAS SOLIS' (CITY OF THE SUN), which was published in the beginning of the 17th. Century (1623). Writings like 'CIVITAS SOLIS' were based upon an Utopian worldview (other writings in this genre: THOMAS MOORE "UTOPIA" 1516, JOHANN VALENTIN ANDREA "CRISTIANOPOLIS" 1619, FRANCIS BACON "NOVA ATLANTIS",1627)

'SYNARCHY'

The basic idea of this concept is a world which is lead by one institute which is based on spiritual- and social fundaments.

Synarchy is a " FORM OF GOVERNMENT BASED ON 'PRINCIPLES', in contrast with 'Anarchy'. In 'Synarchy' a social entity is lead by an Authority. The Authority controls RELIGION, ARMY, and EDUCATION.

The foundation of the philosophy consists of three elements:

1. EDUCATION

2. LAW

3. ECONOMY

The Authority belongs to 'the Wise', according to this philosophy. In a 'Synarchic(al) Society' social life has a hierarchical structure. Society is lead by three departments which are not based on politics but on social values.

Culture, Art, and Science belongs to the fundamental element "Education".

Court, Police, the Army and Foreign Affairs belongs to the element "Law".

the Unions, the Government, and the working class belongs to the third element "Economy".

The highest ambition of the philosophy of Synarchy was a society without classes. Furthermore, in a Synarchic society the responsibility of the politicians would be in the hands of the "Wise", the "specialists".

As stated before, Synarchy would play a major role in the philosophical view on society of allmost all of the mystics of the first half of the 20th. century. The view on society of the Martinist-Order was centred around the philosophy of Synarchy. As we know, there was even a Synarchic-Martinist Order founded in 1921 (1) by Victor Blanchard, the "ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE", which still exists today in Great Britain (incl. the W.-Indies, "O.M.& S.Universel") and Canada (the French branch merged in 1960 with the "ORDRE MARTINIST DE PARIS" of Philippe Encausse, son of Papus). The O.M.&S. of today looks upon 'Synarchy' as a heritage from the past, it's not implemented any longer in their teachings.

Men like Papus, Philippe Nizier, Victor Blanchard, Emille Dantinne and many others in the esoteric community were all followers of the "Synarchic-Movement ".

Rudolf Steiner used Synarchy as a major influence when he developed his own ideas for his own movement, the "ANTROPOSOFISCHE GESELLSCHAFT " (out of which came the philosophy which is known today as "Antroposophy").

The Synarchic-Movement was also represented among the nobility at the court of the Russian Tsar, where Martinism was introduced by Papus at the end of the 19th.century. As we saw in part 9, the Synarchic-Movement was persecuted during Worl War II by the Nazi's, and many members were either killed (Constant Chevillon) or imprisoned in a concentration-camp.

After the Second World War the Synarchic-Movement declined, it's heydays were over...

Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre died in Versailles on Februari 5, 1909 and was buried at the graveyard of Notre-dame.

some of the works he wrote :

"Mission actuelle des ouvriers" 1882

"Mission actuelle des souverains, par l'un deux 1882

"Mission des juifs" 1884

"La France vraie" 1887

"L'Archéometre" 1903

"Mission de l'Inde" (posthumous)

(1) The O.M.&S. was founded in 1921 by Victor Blanchard, but the actual name "Ordre Martiniste & Synarchique" was given to the Order in 1934, when the F.U.D.O.S.I. was formed.

8

"FOR WHAT WE DO PRESAGE IS NOT IN GROSSE, FOR WE BE BRETHREN OF THE ROSIE CROSS : WE HAVE THE MASON'S WORD AND SECOND SIGHT, THINGS FOR TO COME WE CAN FORTELL ARIGHT"

1638- Henry Adamson

a 'War of the Roses' in America,

H.S. Lewis versus R.Swinburne Clymer

introduction - Dantinne's Decree

One of the items (not discussed in part 9) on the agenda of the 4th Convention of the F.U.D.O.S.I. , held on September 4 - 10, 1939 in Brussels, was the 1st meeting of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. in February 1939. One of the leading characters of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. was Reuben Swinburne Clymer (part 7 - 8), arch-rival of Harvey Spencer Lewis. The founding of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. lead to a renewal of scurrilous attacks on Lewis from Clymer. On August 13, a Decree was written (original in the French language) by Emille Dantinne, as the Imperator of the Rose Croix of Europe, which was given to James R. Whitcomb (personal representative of R.M.Lewis) to transmit to Lewis as Imperator of A.M.O.R.C.

The document reads in part :

source : Rosicrucian Questions & Answers ..... H.S.Lewis, publ. AMORC c)1941

"It is inevitable that the AMORC, the only Organization in the Western world perpetuating the teachings of the R+C that have been transmitted by written or spoken word by the R+C instructors, become the target of evil forces working through isolated individuals or organizations, who would attempt to put obstacles in its way and to curtail its progress.

"Therefore, in due Assembly in Brussels, Belgium, on this 13th day of the month of August, in the year 1939, we, members regularly elected of the Supreme Counsil of the F.U.D.O.S.I., after due examination of the elements of appreciation in the case that has been submitted to us, do proclaim that Reuben Swinburne Clymer, who does profess to perpetuate the true and ancient Rosicrucian teachings in America and who assails the character of the Hierarchy of AMORC, and who seeks to stalemate its progress, is in no wise recognized by us having any Rosicrucian authority.

"We do also proclaim that the so-called "International Confederation of Rosicrucians" which R. Swinburne Clymer purports to exist in Europe, and with which he claims to be associated and deriving certain articles of authority, is in no wise recognized by the R+C Orders of Europe that are affiliated to the F.U.D.O.S.I. In our opinion, the above mentioned Confederation, is a clandestine organization that is illegitimate in its function, and does not give any initiatique guaranty."

attacks against A.M.O.R.C. - Clymer versus Lewis

As already stated in part 8 ("F.U.D.O.F.S.I.- Biographies") "Clymer devoted much efforts and work to slander and attack A.M.O.R.C. and it's founder."

The slander against A.M.O.R.C. started around the time when Lewis' organization moved to San José, California (1927) and began to flourish on a larger scale. Whatever one thinks of Lewis, he was a man of undoubted creative gifts who succeeded in building up the most conspicuous and succesful of the American Rosicrucian organizations.

The expansion of A.M.O.R.C. including its claim of being the only true and genuine Rosicrucian Order on the American continent created the (understandable) opposition against Lewis' organization.

Already in 1921, after receiving a honorary diploma from Reuss' O.T.O. , Lewis speaks of A.M.O.R.C. as the one and only true R+C organization of America, far superior to any other concurrent R+C organization in America, such as:Heindel's Rosicrucian Fellowship, Plummer's Societas Rosicruciana in America or Clymer's Fraternitas Rosae Crucis.

"By all this it will be seen that the A.M.O.R.C. is the only organization, body ,society or group of Rosicrucians in America ( or in the world, for that matter ) having the approval, recognition and direction of the Supreme High Council of all ancient and modern Secret Rites" source: Robert Vanloo

http:// home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

P.R.Koenig "Robert Vanloo - "

Thus Lewis, who wrote this conclusion in 1921, deriving his authority from a charter he received from Reuss ! (Lewis always liked to refer in his statements on his R+C authority to a "Supreme High Council" of, as in this case "all ancient and modern rites").

Lewis found himself under attack from a number of quarters, including several ex-members of A.M.O.R.C. (G.L.Smith (1), A.H.Saunders), but the most persistent opponent was Clymer who started to question Lewis' "rosicrucian authority" around 1928. Both rivals went to great trouble to try and prove their authority. Years of continuous slander followed with statements which rarely rose above the level of mud-slinging.

Christopher McIntosh in his book "The Rosicrucians ..." on the Lewis-Clymer hostilities :

"Finally, AMORC felt impelled to counterattack in the form of a pamphlet issued in 1935 under the heading Audi Alteram Partem (hear the other side), this takes the form of a report by a "National Membership Defense Commitee" which had apparently examined the accusations brought by Clymer and found them to be false. Clymer himself is described in the report as a German or Dutch printer who discovered years ago that it was more profitable to spend all of his time at the type case than in farming ... especially when it enables him to foster and glorify some of the weirdest notions that a human mind ever harboured". The description mentions Clymer's "fondness for titles, for self-appointed and self-devised positions of eminent authority".

Clymer retaliated by saying that Lewis'own claim to the designation of "Dr." was suspect.(2). This counterblast of Clymer's came in the vast second volume of his book, "The Rosicrucian Fraternity in America". The 959 pages of this volume are devoted almost exclusively to attacking Lewis and AMORC. Like many of Clymer's writings, the work has to be approached with skepticism.", thus McIntosh.

One of the focuspoints in their mutual attacks on each other had to do with sex magic, each side accused the other of teaching sexual practises. Clymer admitted that his order did teach 'the high law of generation and regeneration', which, he emphasized, is a healthy form of sex teaching, contrary to the, what Clymer called, "Black magic of Crowley and the modernized O.T.O." A.M.O.R.C. replied that the real O.T.O. had nothing to do with Black magic, emphasizing that the real O.T.O. was Reuss'O.T.O., and had nothing to do with Crowley and his teachings (which is not entirely true, see P.R. Koenig's website at

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/

One of the few points which both A.M.O.R.C. and the F.R.C. agreed upon, seems to be that Crowley was a Black magician. Clymer always refered to Crowley's 'notorious Black-Magic Sex formula', "Love is the Law, Love under Will".

Despite the fact that A.M.O.R.C. shared Clymer's view on Crowley, did not prevend them to use a formula similar to Crowley's formula ( A.M.O.R.C. Temple-lectures, 11th.Grade ) .

A.M.O.R.C. on Clymer, in "History of the Order", from "R+C Questions & Answers"

Harvey Spencer Lewis on page 152/153 , vol.1 1965

"It would be expected that Dr.Clymer's representations and maladroitly presented "Teachings" and attacks on other movements would eventually attract the attention of the Supreme Council of the Rosicrucian Order of the world and the dignitaries of the Rose Croix of Europe. One of the first to voice a protest was the eminent F. Wittemans, avocat- at the time , a member of the Belgian Senate- and renowned European historian of the Rosicrucian Order, his works on the Order being published in several languages. In a letter addressed to the Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. of North America, dated December 16, 1928, and referring to Dr. Clymer's writings, he said :

"I criticize very much such writings, which should not be issued by an occultist and prove by their self their hollowness. I will thus not mention them in my work"....

(note: description of the connection between Lewis and Wittemans : see Chapter 4 "…on Wittemans, note 3)

The whole case culminated in several court trials, which Clymer Lost, but the trials did not discourage Clymer in continueing the attacks on Lewis'organization.

At the end of Audi Alteram Partem Lewis published the following open letter to Clymer:

"Dear Mr. Clymer,

As you have openly declared yourself desirous of presenting to all interested parties the evidence you claim to have, which would disprove all AMORC claims, we are again, and for the last time, going to test the sincerity of your vaunted statements by challenging you to an open public debate and presentation of evidence"

( source: McIntosh ) Lewis went on to offer to "pay for the rental of any hall you select in any city of one hundred thousand or more, in the mid-western states ... and pay for your transportation to the city."

The debate would never take place. Clymer refused, and demanded in turn that Lewis submit to investigation all the documents he possessed, which Lewis, of course, understandably refused to do...

and the war went on ..... the war of the roses in America ...

1)From the courtcase against G.L. Smith a letter, which Lewis introduced to the court as an example of the validity of A.M.O.R.C.'s international character, is published on the website :

http://users.cybercity.dk/~ccc12757/hist.htm

"EARLY DANISH O.T.O.HISTORY". Apparently Lewis tried to withdraw the letter when he realized the writing would become a public record. Lewis attempt failed, but he later refused to produce the letter for transcription. Again, under pressure from the court he finally handed the original letter over to the translator(s)concerned. The letter is a communication between Carl William Hansen, a.k.a. Ben Kadosh, and Harvey Spencer Lewis, dated Copenhagen June 21, 1931. Kadosh was, amongst others, Grand Master of the Danish Martinists incl. the Kabbalistic Order of the Rose+Cross, and X* (Nat. Grandmaster)of Reuss'O.T.O. for Denmark.

Kadosh explains to Lewis in his letter that "he's no longer interested in 'big' Orders and Societies, nor fascinated by their seals, charters, and more. True Rosicrucianism cannot be found in major Orders ..." etc. At the end of the letter he states his opinion about A.M.O.R.C. to which Kadosh refers as an "American business in esoteric school-systems". For more information, take a look at the website ...

2) Both Clymer and Lewis claimed the title of "Doctor". The truth is that both were never really graduated by any reputable medical college. Clymer was classified as a "Physio-Medicist". Clymer was a graduate of the "Independent Medical College" in Chicago (1898). This college was finally declared a fraud by the federal authorities and put out of business.

In 1933 Harvey Spencer Lewis received a degree titled "Doctor in Psychological and Hermetic Sciences" of the Université de la Rose+Croix from Emile Dantinne, together with the 'sanctified title'Sar.

Lewis always claimed that he'd received a 'Doctorate in Psychology' from a "French Rosicrucian School" of which he was made a member in 1904 (at the age of 20!!).

Of course this claim is a fraud. The only document Lewis received was, again, a honorary degree, which was given to him as a gage of amity by Dantinne. A copy of this document can be found at the Library of Lyon, in France. The document is dated March, 12 1933, and is signed by Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim), Emile Dantinne, Lucien Francois (the Archivist), and Sar Sapiens.

9

F.U.D.O.S.I.

Affiliated Organizations & Memberlist Dignitaries (i.a. Supreme Council)

The following organizations were affiliated to the F.U.D.O.S.I.

1. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSELLE (Sar Hieronymus)

2. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSITAIRE (Sar Hieronymus, Sar Elgrim)

3. ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX (Sar Yesir representing Lucien Mauchel)

4. CONFRERIE DES FRERES ILLUMINES DE LA ROSE+CROIX (Sar Amertis)

5. A.M.O.R.C. U.S.A. (Sar Alden, Sar Emmanuel, Sar Iohannes)

6. MILITIA CRUCIFERA EVANGELICA (Sar Alden)

7. ORDRE ANCIEN ET MYSTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX AMORC-Switzerland (Sar Amertis representing sar Alkmaion)

8. SOCIETE ALCHIMIQUE DE FRANCE (Sar Amertis)

9. ORDRE DES SAMARITAINS INCONNUS (Sar Amertis)

10. ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE ET MYSTIQUE or ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN (Sar Succus, Sar Helios)

11. ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE (Sar Yesir)

12. FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES (Sar Yesir)

13. ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM STRICTE OBSERVANCE (Sar Iohannes, Sar Ludovicus)

14. CO-MASONIC ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM (Sar Laya, Sar Fulgur)

15. L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE (Tau Targelius=Victor Blanchard)

16. SOCIÉTÉ d'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES TEMPLIÉRES (Sar Gregorius)

17. SOCIÉTÉ d'ETUDES MARTINISTES (founded by Sar Lilium)

18. UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE (Dr. Tarlo Mazinski )

19. ORDRE MARTINIST TRADITIONNEL (Sar Augustinus)

20. ORDER OF THE LILY & THE EAGLE (Sar Lilium)

Here's a list of dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I., some of them only known (to me) by their "Nomen Mysticum".

1. SAR HIERONYMUS, Emile Dantinne - Belgium. Imperator .

2. SAR ELGRIM, Jean Mallinger - Belgium. Secretary (Imperator of the '51 Convention* )

3. SAR ALDEN, Harvey Spencer Lewis - U.S.A. Imperator 1934-1939(+)

4. SAR VALIDIVAR, Ralph Maxwell Lewis - U.S.A. Imperator 1939-1951

5. SAR IOHANNES, Hans Grueter - France

6. SAR PURITIA, Jeanne Guesdon - France

7. SAR EMMANUEL, Many Cihlar - Austria

8. SAR YESIR, Victor Blanchard - France. Imperator 1934-1939

9. SAR ARTEMIS, August Reichel - Switzerland. Left in 1935, he later joined Chevillon and Clymer's F.U.D.O.F.S.I. (together with Raoul Fructus, member of the "Sovereign Coucil" of the M.'.M.'. on the '34 Convention, Fructus died in '45 as a victim of the Nazi-occupation)

10. SAR ALKMAION, Edouard Bertholet - Switzerland

11. OR-ZAM PHANAR, Armand Rombauts - Belgium

12. SAR SUCCUS, Francois Soetewey - Belgium

13. SAR HELIOS

14. SAR LUDOVICUS, Colonel Fitau, Consul of Chile, 'died in 1939

15. SAR LAYA

16. SAR FULGUR, Maurice De Seck - Austria

17. SAR GREGORIUS, André Cordonnier - France. Assistant-Imperator on the '46 Convention

18. SAR NITRAM, Lydie Martin - France

19. SAR AGNI, Leon Lelarge - Belgium. Secretary of Emile Dantinne.

20. (MIKAEL) SAR EQUES ROSAE CARITAS, Georges de Lagréze - France

21. SAR PASCAL, Fr. Hutin , died in 1945 (victim of the Nazi-occupation)

22. SAR IGNIS, Nico Wolff - Belgium, died in 1943 (victim of the Nazi-occupation)

23. SAR LAMPAS, Belgium

24. SAR LILIUM, Eugène Dupré - France - 'died in a bombing-raid in 1944

25. SAR APPOLONIUS, Rochat de L'Abbaye - France

26. SAR AUGUSTINUS, Augustin Chaboseau - France. Imperator 1939-1946

27. GALAAD, Jean Chaboseau - France. Son of A.Chaboseau, left in 1947 after he tried to disband the Martinist Supreme Counsil

28. SAR RENATUS, René Rossart - Belgium

29. SAR LEUKOS, U.S.A. President of the "Council of Regency"

30. SAR KRYPTOS, George Delaive - Belgium

31. SAR PHALGOS, Jules Boucher - France

32. SAR PLACIDUS, Frater Coops - the Netherlands

33. SAR SAPIENS, Lucien Francois

and SAR AKHNATON, SAR ESSENIUS, SAR IGNIFER, SAR MARE, SAR SIGNUM, SAR VIATO ...

1934 FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE INITIATIONIS 1951

 

Addenda

 

Table of Contents

Addendum 1 Harvey Spencer Lewis' history of the

O.T.O., excerpt from

'Audi Alteram Partem' c)1935

Addendum 2 T.A.W.U.C. , Reuss'handwritten manuscript

Addendum 3 articles from 'The Mystic Triangle', publ.

A.M.O.R.C. Sept.1921, and 'Rosicrucian

Digest' sept.1930

Addendum 4 Notes on Chapter 5, Egyptian Masonry:

Addendum 5 F.U.D.O.S.I. Symbol

Addendum 6 Victor Blanchard

Addendum 7 Saint-Yves d'Alveydre and 'Synarchy'

Addendum 8 a 'War of the Roses' in America,

Clymer versus Lewis

Addendum 9 List of affiliated Orders and Counsel-dignitaries

Appendix :

Excerpts from essays and manuscripts :

Emile Dantinne : "ON THE ISLAMIC ORIGIN OF THE ROSE-CROIX"

Originally published in the review "Inconnus" 1951

FUDOSI SECRET CONVENT 1937
Annex No 5 Secret Doctrine
Source: "Sar Hieronymus et la FUDOSI" by Serge Caillet , Ed Cariscript ,
Paris 1986 pages 34-35

LA FEDERATION UNIVERSELLE FRATERNITIES DES INITIES" ----THE RATIFICATION OF ITS CONSTITUTION---- THE RECORD Paris, 1939 . ( F.U.D.O.F.S.I.)

4. Excerpt from "Cosmic Mission fulfilled", Ralph M.Lewis ; the Congress of the FUDOSI in Brussels, 1934.

 

 

1

BY ENTRANCE AND BY LEAVING OF THE CHAPTER ASSEMBLY, AND WHEN THE KNIGHTS STAND IN ORDER, DO THE SIGN OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD AND GIVE THE ENTRANCE WORD"GOLGOTHA".

THE GREAT PASSWORD IS "LOGOS".THE HOLY WORD IS INRI.

TAKE YOUR PLACE IN THE WEST UNDER THE COMRADES OF THE HIGH AND ILLUSTRIOUS KNIGHTHOOD OF THE ROSY-CROSS! (Speech!)

SUBLIME KNIGHT OF THE EAGLE AND PELICAN AND OF THE ROSY-CROSS OF HEREDOM "18. degree".

Reuss' V° The High Chapter of the Knights of the Rosy-Cross

P.R.Koenig "Theodor Reuss – O.T.O. Rituals

http://www.dplanet.ch/users/prkoenig/html/rit5.htm

Addendum1 refers to part three of the forum :'1934-1951 F.U.D.O.S.I.' which deals with the relationship between Harvey Spencer Lewis of A.M.O.R.C. and Theodor Reuss and Heinrich Traenker of the German O.T.O. and COLLEGIUM PANSOPHICUM. Despite the fact that Lewis and the German 'Adepts' did have no interest in each other, after the collaborations between their Orders proved to be a failure, Lewis always respected people like Reuss and the O.T.O in his writings.

In Part 3 i wrote (quote) :

'Strangely enough, in the thirties Lewis refers to Reuss as an important European relation to A.M.O.R.C. The reference can be found in a book (LIBER D / Whitebook series ) written by Lewis, published in 1935, called " AUDI ALTERAM PARTEM" ("Hear the other side")'

An excerpt from the original text written by H.S. Lewis :

( Lewis states under the cover of his ' National Membership Defense

Committee' that :)

" THE COMMITTEE HAS SEEN INDISPUTABLE EVIDENCE (...) TO THE EFFECT THAT THE ORDER OF THE ORIENTAL TEMPLE WAS AFFILIATED WITH THE GENUINE ROSICRUCIAN ORGANIZATION AS FAR BACK AS THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY IN EUROPE AND IN 1895 JOHN YARKER, EMINENT MASONIC HISTORIAN (1) IN LONDON WAS SUPREME MAGUS OF THE O.T.O (??) THEODOR REUSS -(WILSSON)- "PEREGRINUS'- WAS THE ELECTED SUCCESSOR TO YARKER. IT HAS SEEN RECORDS OF A CONVENTION OF THE O.T.O. HELD IN EUROPE IN 1906 AND 1908, AND IT HAS SEEN A COPY OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE O.T.O. PUBLISHED IN AUSTRIA AND GERMANY IN 1907, PROVING THAT THE ORGANIZATION WAS A LARGE ONE BEFORE 1911. IT HAS SEEN EVIDENCE TO PROVE THAT THE CHARTER GRANTED TO H.SPENCER LEWIS IN THE NAME OF THE O.T.O. WAS NOT GRANTED BY CROWLEY(2), BUT BY THE WELLKNOWN EUROPEAN MYSTIC, MAGUS THEODOR

REUSS-WILLSON OF MUNICH, WHOSE LATIN OFFICIAL NAME IS KNOWN ALL OVER EUROPE AS 'PEREGRINUS'

Thus Lewis.

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

P.R.Koenig "Robert Vanloo -Controversy around a document"

Exc. From "Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde", Vanloo 1996

Of course most of the information Lewis gives about the O.T.O. related to Yarker and the Rosicrucians of the 17th. century is nonsense. The O.T.O. is an Order founded by Reuss and probably Karl Kellner (debatable), in the beginning of the 20th.century. As for John Yarker, Reuss bought a warrant from John Yarker for THE ANCIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE of MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM, and also for the CERNEAU-Version of the ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED RITE (N.Y. 1807),

Yarker had not even heard of the O.T.O. simply because the Order did not excist at that time. But the statement i want to make is that Lewis refers to the O.T.O as a respectful, ancient, TRUE Order of the Ancient and Venerable Rosicrucians of Europe ! ( maybe he just needed proof for the 'authenticity' of his own Order and used the various charters given by various 'Adepts' to support his claims.....these 'charters were just

'Honorary Diploma's')

The A.M.O.R.C. of the present day has a total different opinion about the O.T.O. ......

t o b e c o n t i n u e d ....

 

1) One of John Yarker's most famous works is called 'ARCANE SCHOOLS'.

For anyone who is interested in this 'classic' :

http://www.kena.org/hirams/religion_and_philosophy.htm

One this page you'll find a lot of ZIP.FILES of Masonic interest. For

Yarker, open : YARKERAS.ZIP

2) I personally have seen a charter written by Aleister Crowley for H.S. Lewis. It was dated 'the 14th year of the new aeon'. The 'new aeon' refers to Crowley's "Cairo-workings" in 1904 where he 'received' (attunement) the 'BOOK OF THE LAW'. 'The 14th year of the new aeon' is therefore 1918. Of course, AMORC denies the existence of the charter.Crowley eventually decided not to grant this charter to Lewis.

 

 

2

SUMMA SCIENTIA, NIHIL SCIRE. NIHIL SCIRE, OMNIA POSSE.*

As we can read in part 2, which deals with the relationship between Theodor Reuss (O.T.O.) and Harvey Spencer Lewis (A.M.O.R.C.), there were official plans for a forthcoming collaboration between Reuss' O.T.O. and A.M.O.R.C. in 1921. On the following URL we can find a document of historical value.

It's a facsimile of Theodor Reuss' handwritten manuscript for T.A.W.U.C., 'THE AMORC WORLD UNION COUNCIL'. The Url can be found at : P.R.Koenig "Theodor Reuus' handwritten Manuscript for TAWUC"

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/reuss/tawuc.jpg.

As you can see the document is written in German. Furthermore Reuss'handwriting is not easy to read. After enhancing and sharpening the actual text, i was able to translate about 70% of the actual text :At the top of the page we can read :

T.A.W.U.C. - The European version of the American Rosae Crucis. The official organ of the A.M.O.R.C. World Council. An exponent of the Mystical Rosicrucians.

Muenchen @ San Fransisco October, 1921.

At the left margin we can read i.a. :

Contents :

a)Manifesto , b) the Origin of the Order, d) Introduction, e) Manuscript-excerpts, c) the text refers probably to certain titles of manuscripts/papers, one of them reads :" The Dead Fisherman ".

At the bottom (left) : Correspondence-Address, Andreas Ullmer/ Muenchen.

Right margin i.a. :

c) Parsifal and The Secret of the Graal Unveiled, The True Secrets of Masonry- by T. Reuss, The Eucharist .....

Apparently the 'The A.M.O.R.C. WORLD UNION COUNCIL' ( T.A.W.U.C.) was based upon Reuss' writings "LINGAM-YONI" (1906) and "PARSIFAL" (1914). For anyone who's interested in these 'sexmagical writings' :

THEODOR REUSS :'PARSIFAL AND THE SECRET OF THE GRAAL UNVEILED'

http://www.dplanet.ch/users/prkoenig/html/parsifal.htm

THEODOR REUSS :'LINGAM-YONI'

http://www.dplanet.ch/users/prkoenig/html/lingam.htm

P.R.Koenig

"according to the title-page its author used "old and secret documents of an Order" but the book was hardly more than a translation of "PHALLISM: A DESCRIPTION OF THE LINGAM-YONI.... AND OTHER SYMBOLS CONNECTED WITH THE MYSTERIES OF SEXWORSHIP"' privately printed at London in 1889." (source: P.R.Koenig).

Furthermore it's interesting to know that Lewis at one time was probably interested in these teachings. Phallism is one of the most misunderstood aspects of the Mysteries, especially in our time. The teachings Reuss taught were of a 'passive nature'.

t o b e c o n t i n u e d ..... source:p.r.koenig

"THE HIGHEST WISDOM IS TO KNOW NOTHING, KNOWING NOTHING MAKES ANYTHING POSSIBLE"

 

 

3

"HAIL UNTO THEE, THOU REVERED SYMBOL OF LIVE, OF LOVE AND OF RESURRECTION ! IN THE CENTRE POINT OF THIS SACRED SIGN APPEARS THE ROSE AS THE SYMBOL OF THE SOUL OF MAN. THOU SHALT HENCEFORTH BE MY SIGN ! HAIL UNTO THEE, O ROSYCROSS !"

________________________________________

This Addendum is a continuation of the Addenda 1 and 2, in which certain documents, writings etc. are published of H.S.Lewis, T.Reuss, and H.Traenker. The writings concern the 'collaborations' between Harvey Spencer Lewis of A.M.O.R.C. and Theodor Reuss of the O.T.O., and H.S.Lewis and Heinrich Traenker of the PANSOPHIC MOVEMENT.

The following article is written by H.S. Lewis in the 1921 september issue of ' THE MYSTIC TRIANGLE' , the official AMORC- magazine at the time. In the article Lewis announces that he had received during the summer, from the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, a document granting upon him "the highest Masonic Degrees". "This document also conferred the Imperator with the title of ' Most Illustrious Sir Knight and Frater R.C' and appointed A.M.O.R.C. of America as ' gage of amity for the Ordo Templi Orientis of Europe'. However there was no mention by Lewis in the magazine concerning the person who had signed the charter because it just said that the

document came from a 'Sovereign Sanctum of Freemasonry abroad' " :

(source: Robert Vanloo)

P.R.Koenig http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

Excerpt from Vanloo's ""Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde", 1996 edition

" One other item may interest our members. A large and interesting

document was received during the month of August from a sovereign sanctum of Freemasonry abroad conferring upon our Imperator the highest Masonic degrees such as Honorary 33* and the 90* and 95* Degrees of the Ancient and Primitive Rites of Memphis-Mizraim (under a charter of authority issued by John Yarker, the eminent Masonic authority and historian and Sovereign Grand Master General of England) whereby our Imperator is given the Masonic titles of PRINCE OF MEMPHIS (Egypt), MEMBER OF THE SOVEREIGN TRIBUNAL AND DEFENDER OF THE ORDER; and SOVEREIGN PATRIARCHAL GRAND CONSERVATOR OF THE RITES, SUBLIME PRINCE OF THE MAGI. The honorary 33th Degree carries with it the title of KNIGHT GRAND INSPECTOR GENERAL. The document further makes the Imperator an Honorary member of the Sovereign Sanctuary of Switzerland, Austria and Germany. These Masonic honors are conferred under the charter and authority of grand Orient of Ancient Gaul and the Supreme Sanctuary of Great Britain.Also the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS(ORIENTAL ORDER OF THE TEMPLE, FRATERNITY OF THE HERMETIC LIGHT), has conferred its high degrees upon our Imperator with the title of Most Illustrious Sir Knight and Fratre R.C., appointing our Supreme Lodge in this country as Gage of Amity for the Ordo Templi Orientis of Europe "

(source: the Mystic Triangle, sept. 29, 1921 , publ; A.M.O.R.C.)

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

Robert Vanloo

The actual titles do not appear on the Charter issued by Reuss, they are derived from titles of certain Grades of the MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM RITE. The titles don't give any authority whatsoever ! They are just titles of certain Masonic degrees which Lewis certainly never actually worked. The M:.M:.Rite was incorporated, like so many other Orders and Rites, in the constitution of the O.T.O, and as we all know the charter Lewis received was an Honorary Charter which did not confer any authorization concerning the O.T.O. What could be the reason for Lewis' claims of titles, his claims of a Council of the Universe of which he spoke, of which he was a high officer etc.

________________________________

Another article during his collaborations with Heinrich Traenker of

PANSOPHIA, published in THE ROSICRUCIAN DIGEST of September 1930. - the article concerns a most uncredible story of a bloodtransfusion from one of the descendants of the 'original Christian Rosenkreuz'. Of course the following article is linked with Traenker (Traenker as 'a Rosicrucian Grand Master') but is Lewis' pure invention. As stated in part 3, Traenker and Lewis collaborated in the "PANSOPHIA INTERNATIONAL ROSICRUCIAN COUNCIL", which turned out to be a disillusion for both Traenker and Lewis. The final result of the partnership was the publication in november 1930 under the heading ' INTERNATIONAL HEADQUARTERS OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE ANCIENT MYSTICAL ORDER ROSAE CRUCIS, BERLIN' of an 'OFFICIAL COMMUNICATION TO ALL HUMANITY' otherwise known as ' SECOND OFFICIAL FAMA', said to be issued through the ' UNITED ORGANIZATIONS OF THE ROSE CROSS : A.M.O.R.C., BROTHERHOOD OF THE ROSE CROSS, FRATERNITAS HERMETICA LUCIS, ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, COLLEGIUM PANSOPHIA, SOCIETAS PANSOPHIA'.

" The recent convention of Rosicrucians at San Jose during the month of July became of greater importance than we anticipated through the fact that it actually became an International Convention. Among the highlights of important matters that were settled by the Convention are the following : First, the presentation of documents and records showing that A.M.O.R.C. throughout the world is one solid, universal organization without any divisions other than geographical ones. The most important of the documents in this regard was one sent here for this Convention by the Imperator and Supreme Council of the Order in Germany (read: TRAENKER). The Rosicrucian Order there, known as the ROZEN KREUZER, has an unbroken existence for many centuries, for it has adhered to the ancient principles of the Order whereby each Supreme Grand Master is succeeded by one of his sons or a brother of his blood. In some countries where such succession has been made impossible because the Grand Masters had no offspring or relatives, the lineal descent through blood relationship has been maintained by the transfusion of blood from the body of the existing Grand master to the new and succeeding officer before the transition of the former. In every case where an Imperator has been appointed for a new jurisdiction, after a period of inactivity where there were no direct descendants in the interval, the new Imperator was always selected from among those persons who were the nearest relatives to the last Grand Master. Such selected persons journeyed abroad and in a high council meeting, and in the presence of the other Masters, was acclaimed as the nearest in direct link, and later the blood of the highest Master in direct line was transfused into his body to give him the actual blood relationship to the direct line. Thus in all of the active jurisdictions today, the highest officer has received through transfusion the blood of C.R-C and is a DIRECT SUCCESSOR TO THIS EMINENT CHARACTER WHOSE ORIGINAL IDENTITY IS SO CAREFULLY CONCEALED. The C.R-C. of Germany, who became so well known in the 17th century, was one of these descendants of the original C.R-C., and it may be of interest to our members to know that our Imperator here in North America has also RECEIVED THE TRANSFUSION OF DIRECT BLOOD because of his actual relationship, indirectly, TO RELATIVES OF THE ORIGINAL ROSENKREUZERS of ancient times. The German document sent here was only signed and sealed by the head of the organization in Germany, but countersigned and sealed by the highest officers of the German Government and is an indisputable document, and finally countersigned and sealed by the American Consul General in Berlin".

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

Robert Vanloo

By representing these published articles, claims etc. we'll get a better picture of the intentions of H.S. Lewis. I'm personally convinced that the sole purpose of all his international collaborations, communications etc. was to lend credibility to his own organization, A.M.O.R.C. From the early days on, Lewis was being forced into producing tangible proofs of filiation and authenticity by his 'followers'. Finally the F.U.D.O.S.I. would lend A.M.O.R.C. it's credibility.........

 

4

"WHEN ADAM WAS FIRST PRESENTED TO THE HIERARCHS BY GOD, SATAN, WHO WAS AT THAT TIME THE GREATEST OF THE SERAPHIM AND REGENT OF HEAVEN, REFUSED TO BOW BEFORE THE NEW CREATION.'HOW CAN A SON OF FIRE BOW TO A SON OF CLAY ?' HE RESPONDED."

Addendum 4 refers to part 6 of the forum "F.U.D.O.S.I. 1934-1951". This Addendum is build around the references in part 6, marked 1 up to 6.

________________________________________

1) 'THE ANTIENT RITE OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM'. For information upon this Rite, which playes an important role within the 19th. and 20th century esoteric movement, l'll refer (for the time being) to the following internet-sides.

All i'll say for now is, that the Rite is build around the 'Scottish Rite', the 'Memphis Rite' and the 'Misraim Rite' which are derived themselves from Old, Hermetic-Masonic Rites from the 18th century such as :

'THE RITE OF ELECTED COHENS' , 1721

'THE RITE OF HEREDOM or PERFECTION', 1743

'THE INITIATED BROTHERS OF ASIA', 1780

'THE ELECTED COHENS', 1734, in Marseilles, Toulouse and Bordeaux, France.

'ACADEMY OF TRUE MASONS' , Avignon 1760

'EMPIRE OF THE EAST AND WEST' , 1753, later rectified as the 'ANTIENT AND

ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE' in 33 degrees.

'ORDER OF AFRICAN ARCHITECTS', 1767

'CRATA REPOA'

'CLERKS OF RELAXED OBSERVANCE', 1767, founded by Baron Von Hund, a Rite

which produced the 'HIGH OBSERVANCE', devoted to Hermetic Magic, Alchemy etc.

'PHILOSOPHICAL SCOTCH RITE' , 1776

'RITE OF PHILALETHES', 1773, founded by Court de Gebelin

'RITE OF CAGLIOSTRO', 1779

'PRIMITIVE RITE OF PHILADELPHES OF NARBONNE', 1779.To this Rite the M:.M:.

refers for the origin of its principles and form of organization.For further information upon the MEMPHIS-MISRAIM RITE, MEMPHIS-RITE, and the ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MASONRY' see :

1) http://users.londonweb.net/ibcsystems/home.htm

a side created and maintained by the Rite in England under the Auspices of

the International Sanctuary, including a short biography of John Yarker.

2) http://www.iss-ic-memphis-misraim.org/

issued under the authority of the international Sovereign Sanctuary of the

ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM, the international

coordination.

3) http://members.xoom.com/misraim/MEMPHIS-USA.html

a sketch of the history of the Rite in France, America and Great Britain,with Charters & other documents from the archives of the Sovereign Sanctuary, Supreme power of THE REGULAR MASONIC RITE OF MEMPHIS.

4) http://members.xoom.com/misraim/memphisusa2.html

a brief introduction and summary of the history of the Rite of Memphis.

note: side 1 & 2 are websites of the ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF

MEMPHIS-MISRAIM.

Side 3 and 4 are websites maintained by the RITE OF MEMPHIS in the U.S.A.

On side 3 one can also find the history of THE ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF

MASONRY, a system worked by John Yarker of 33 Degrees (instead of the

original 90 degrees). EXCELLENT SIDE !

2)

What is of interest to the forum is the function of the M:.M:. Rite within the esoteric movement at the beginning of the twentieth century. The Rite has always been criticized, the rituals were too pompous without any real value, the lectures with many historical inaccuracies (which is true, but these inaccuracies can be found within a lot of masonic Rites), even described as being a total sham. And yet good and sincere masons have associated with it. Concerning it's value i'll quote the words of the famous historian/Mason and "Rosicrucian" Arthur Edward Waite (1857-1942): "The degrees of the Rite are curious as such, while a few of them are not unimportant, in spite of egregious titles of dignity and of ridiculous claims".

Many prominent and leading personalities of the esoteric community at the time, were also involved with the Rite. Gerard Anaclet Encausse (Papus,1865-1916), for instance, one of the co-founders of the original MARTINIST ORDER, was Great Hierophant of the M:.M:. from 1913 on until he died in 1916.

One of the basic pillars of the ORDO TEMPLI ORIENTIS, founded by Theodor Reuss at the beginning of the 20th. century, were the charters he'd received (bought) from JohnYarker of the Swedenborgh Rite, the Antient and Primitive Scottish Rite, and the Memphis-Misraim Rite.

Many O.T.O. members consider themselves to be Freemasons. The 3th degree (Master magician) is in the O.T.O system compatible to the MASTER MASON degree of general freemasonry (Blue Lodge). It is known that the THEOSOPHIC SOCIETY of H.P. Blavatsky had an 'Inner Order' for "practical work", called the 'Esoteric Section' (or Esoteric School). The Leading members, who resided within the E.S., were also members of the M:.M:.Rite. It was a co-membership!

When one aspired to be a member of the inner circle of the Theosophical Society, one automatically had to become a member of the M:.M:.Rite.....

Rudolf Steiner, for instance, became the Grand Master of the Rite in Germany while being a member of the Theosophical Society (He left the Rite in 1914).

Finally, within the Belgian Lodges of Rombauts and Mallinger the Rite was used to recruit members for the Initiatic orders of Emile Dantinne, the O::H::T::M::, Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universelle (the Universal Order of the Rose+Cross), Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire (Order of the Rose+Cross University). In 1934 the Belgian branch rectified and reconstituted the Rite and it's degrees as we've seen in part 5. But what is not mentioned is that the motives of some of the leading members of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were not of an esoteric nature. In part 6 of the forum i'll discuss the political reasons for the reconstitution of the Rite. This side of the F.U.D.O.S.I. is not often discussed.......

3)

Francois Wittemans was a Belgian historian/ FRC/Freemason who wrote a book on the rosicrucian movement called 'a New & Authentic History of the Rosicrucians' at the time.

It's considered a good book by some, on the traditional R+C history as well as on its modern aspects." A curiousity is the section about Imperator Lewis legendaric demonstration where he transmitted Zinc into Gold. The book has been severly criticized because it contains an unaccuracy on Crowley. All in all this book is providing many rare informations" (source : Melchior , a Rosicrucian Page)

"Also please note that Fr Wittemans, the author of the History of the Rosicrucians was guided and influenced by HS Lewis. Fr Wittemans was a member of the Theosophical Society. HSL kept insisting he point out that AMORC was the real Rosicrucian Order and that other groups were false. Fr Wittemans kept asking for payment to be able to keep writing and was initially negotiating with Macoy - the Masonic publishers. They kept writing back to him questioning his assertions re AMORC. Rather disingeniously , HSL then claimed that even Fr Wittemans supported AMORC's position as the real RC Order, when it was HSL who had influenced the sincere and trusting Br Wittemans to make the original assertion".(source: Elias Ibrahim- Martinist E-Group)

4) According to the F.U.D.O.S.I. the source of the 'Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Mizraim' had to be a Rosicrucian source. Their 'philosophy' was simple. According to their Traditional History the Source of Rosicrucianism was Ancient Egypt. According to the traditional History of the M:.M:. Rite the source of the two Rites was .... Ancient Egypt. One has to remember that the traditional source of the Memphis Rite is not the same source as the origin of the Misraim Rite. Both Rites existed next to each other before 1880. The Memphis-Rite mentions Ormuz as it's founder, while the Misraim-Rite mentions Menes as it's founder. Despite this information the following explanation of the name Memphis-Misraim was given at the time:

"Memphis was the capital city of Ancient Egypt during the reign of the the first king of Egypt, Menes, in 5600 b.c. Mizraim is a hebrew word that means " the Egyptians".

"Memphis-Mizraim" therefore signifies 'THE EGYPTIANS OF THE CITY OF MEMPHIS".

This kind of historical claims and research is typical of the esoteric

Orders and societies, and especially A.M.O.R.C.(again, writer's opinion)

5) Constant Chevillon stated in the document that Lewis was initiated by Reuss in Germany in 1921. This was not true. Lewis was never 'initiated' by Reuss. He received a charter from the O.T.O. as a 'Honorary member' , a gage of amity. Lewis received the 7th degree ('O.T.O. VII° Grand Councillor of the Mystical Templars'). For further details, see Part II of this forum (Reuss , Lewis & T.A.W.U.C.)

6) Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) was an Italian Patriot. He was born in Nice, France. He fought for the unification of Italy. In 1870 He fought with the French Army. In 1864 he was the Grand Master of the Italian Grand Lodge of Freemasonry. In 1880, under his authority, the Memphis Rite and the Misraim-Rite were united in the "ANTIENT AND PRIMITIVE RITE OF MEMPHIS-MISRAIM". Garibaldi was the first international Grand Master of the Rite, Ad Vitam.

HSL AND MASONRY

During his lifetime Harvey Spencer Lewis received various masonic documents which made Lewis a ‘Honorary member’ of the rites concerned. Lewis also played a ‘key-role’ in the 1930’s schism within the Memphis-Misraim rite (‘Yarker-lineage’) but… was Lewis a regular Mason? According to Robert Vanloo’s book "Les Rose-Croix du Nouveau Monde" the answer is "no" . Vanloo states on page 123-124 that according to Clymer "it was around this same period (Dec.1917) that Lewis solicited admission to American Freemasonry, specifically to Lodge No.253, 6th Ave 23rd Street, at New York City under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge State of New York, where Lewis had been received as Apprentice, then Fellow Craft, but never to the grade of Master following the opposition of a great part of the Masonic hierarchy". Page 265 of Vol.II of Clymer’s "Rosicrucian Fraternity in America" points out this N.Y.Lodge was named ‘Normal Lodge’, and their investigation of Lewis revealed he wished to utilize the knowledge and contents of the Master-Degree (3th degree) in AMORC. Lewis was therefore blackballed when he sought to be admitted to the Master mason’s degree and suspended from the NYC Lodge. Lewis later sought reinstatement but was without success. He also attempted to be admitted to the 3rd degree in Tampa, Florida and also in San Jose but failed. According to a letter from his former Grand Treasurer Lewis was one of the few persons in the U.S.A. against whom there was a warning on file in every Masonic Grand Lodge Jurisdiction (letter of Mr A.Leon Batchelor, April 5, 1935)

Lewis was also never initiated into M.’.M.’. (although he was raised to the 66* 87* 88* 89* and 90* degree in 1934 at the first convention of the FUDOSI) by Reuss or anyone else.

 

5

... ... ... CONVERSELY, NATURAL SYMBOLS PERSIST, SINCE THEY ARE ROOTED IN SOME PHENOMENON OF NATURE WHICH MEN OF EACH CENTURY PERCEIVE MORE OR LESS ALIKE. THE INTERPRETATION OF THE SYMBOL MAY ALTER; NAMELY, THERE MAY COME ABOUT AN ELABORATION OF THE IDEAS IT REPRESENTS, BUT IT WILL CONTINUE TO BE RELATED TO THE ORIGINAL CONCEPTION HAD BY MAN.

Sar Validivar (1), Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. - "The Eternal Symbol" publ. 1946

*******************************************************

THE EMBLEM OF THE F.U.D.O.S.I.

by

Dr. JEAN MALLINGER, F.R.C.

Grand Chancellor of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

"It is our much regretted Imperator, Dr.H.Spencer Lewis (Sar Alden), who created and drew the Universal symbol of the F.U.D.O.S.I.

He presented it to the members of the Congress in 1934 and, owing to its profound significance, its uncommon and original combination, it was unanimously adopted.

It represents the MYSTICAL EGG which, in Egypt, of old, involved all the Mysteries.

In its center are 2 bipolar magnets, representing the 2 hemispheres united in one same spiritual brotherhood. Initiation is indeed Universal and all men of good will are entitled to it, whatever be their birth country.

An unfinished TRIANGLE and an incomplete SQUARE are coupled together in its center, because all traditional initiations, far from combatting each other, are complementary, one to the other, so as to give a unique light to the Neophyte.

The HOLY CROSS in the center represents the CHRISTIAN current of Initiation, whereas the SQUARE symbolizes the HELLENIC Initiation and the TRIANGLE the MARTINIST Initiation. This symbol archives the miracle of realizing the spiritual Unity.

During the Convention held in Paris in 1937, our Brother, Sar Iohannes (2), showed to the astonished members of the Congress that, by placing the symbol of the F.U.D.O.S.I. on the revolving disc of a phonograph and giving it an increasing speed, there came a moment when a new esoteric symbol appeared which, by itself, involved and vivified all other symbols: the true SWASTIKA of the Hindu Initiation ..."

 

notes :

(1) 'Sar Validivar' was the "Nomen Mysticum" of Ralph Maxwell Lewis, son of Harvey Spencer Lewis. Ralph M. Lewis became the Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. in 1939, after his father died on August 2 of that same year. In September of 1939 he was also installed as Imperator of the F.U.D.O.S.I. As stated in part 5 the F.U.D.O.S.I. was headed officially by a Triumvirat of three Imperators.

(2) 'Sar Iohannes' was the "Nomen Mysticum" of Dr.Hans Grueter, Grand Master of A.M.O.R.C. for France at the time. He was a dentist from Nice. Grueter was also a Freemason (33*), member of the 'Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraim'(97*) and member of B'nai B'rith. At one time he was a member of the 'Supreme Conseil de la Grande Loge de France' and chairman of the 'Philosophie Ecossaise Internationale'. An intrigueing question is how Grueter could accept the statements made by Sar Hieronymus / Emile Dantinne, in which he condemned the Jewish people as a race (see part 7). Hans Grueter is stated to be a member of the B'NAI B'RITH, founded in 1843 as a para-masonic Order, strictly reserved for Jews. The Constitution of the B'NAI B'RITH firmly states that one of the main reasons the Order was founded, was to unite all Jews in a fraternal brotherhood and to protect their people against any form of anti-semiticiscm. So how could Dr.Grueter accept the views of some of the F.U.D.O.S.I. members concerning the Jewish race, Grueter being a Jew himself ?

Update, Oct.28, 2000 :

The documents concerned were found in the private collection (Lelarge-files) of Emile Dantinne. They were not published at the time of the existance of the Federation. Even Martin Erler (OHTM/ORA) , Dantinne's "successor" was not aware of the existence of these documents. Erler inherited most of the personal files belonging to Dantinne. When Marcel Roggemans confronted Erler with the controversial documents, Erler was shocked and told Roggemans he never knew or heard of the existance of the documents with its anti-Jewish statements. Therefore it is reasonable to presume that the other dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I. were not aware of Dantinne's views at the time. At the end of Chapter 9 the text refers to a possible explanation for the existance of the controversial documents (Lucien Sabah "Une police politique de Vichy: le Service des Sociétés Secrètes" ).

 

6

" ... THE CIRCLE OF WHITE LIGHT, BEING THE REVELATION OF THE NATURE OF THE SELF. THE FISH IS FREED FROM ITS SPATIAL-TEMPORAL BONDS, AND THE HEART IS NOW VOID FROM PASSION.

THE CIRCLE OF LIGHT IS THE WHITE STONE, THE IMMORTAL FOETUS IN TAOISM, THE SEED INDESTRUCTABLE, THE WING RECOVERED. VITALITY RECOVERED, THE ELIXER PREPARED, THE LIGHT SOARS UP TO THE ORIGINAL CAVITY OF THE SPIRIT AND MANIFESTS BRIGHTLY BETWEEN THE EYES. THIS IS THE LEAP INTO THE VOID, THE RE-ABSORPTION INTO THE ONE ... "

W.H.Mueller,"POLARIA"

*************************************************

VICTOR BLANCHARD (1878-1953)

Addendum 6 is dedicated to Victor Blanchard, a leading character within the F.U.D.O.S.I. and the Martinist-movement, as well as several other occult societies. Blanchard was Gerard Encausse's (Papus) secretary, with whom he organized the Spiritualist Congress in Paris in 1908. Victor Blanchard was, between the two World Wars the Sovereign Grand Master of 'THE MARTINIST ORDER AND SYNARCHIE', under the initiatic name (nomen mysticum) of Paul Yesir. He was a disciple of Saint-Yves d'Alveydre (1842-1909, 'developed the

philosophy of 'SYNARCHY', a ' vision' of a world-leadership based on spiritual & social foundations). He was head of the general secretariat for the Members of Parliament of France. According to Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim), "his knowledge of magnetism, and the sacred literature of Egypt were remarkable".

 

As already mentioned above, Victor Blanchard was Papus' secretary within 'THE MARTINIST ORDER', founded by Papus and Chaboseau in 1891. When Papus died in 1916, he was succeeded by Charles Détré (also known as 'Téder'). Téder constructed in 1913 the standard rituals of 'the Martinist Order'. According to 'Sar Anael' of the 'ORDEN MARTINISTA' from Spain, Téder used the written ritual of Francois-Charles Barlet (member of the original 'SUPRÈME CONSEIL de L'ORDRE MARTINISTE and successor of Stanislas de Guaita, one of the founders of the 'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX'). Téder's leadership was short-lived, just two years after the death of Papus Téder died in 1918.

Blanchard also acted as Téder's deputy. Who would succeed Téder as the next Grand Master? Some sources are convinced that Victor Blanchard was appointed to be the successor of Téder. History tells us that Jean Bricaud became the successor of Téder as Grand Master of the Martinist Order. Fact is that "in the absence of well established rules regarding the nomination or succession of a Grand Master, it is impossible to say wether Bricaud or Blanchard was the legitimate Grand Master".

BLANCHARD vs. BRICAUD

The following passage is written by Robert Ambelain and can be found in "Le Martinisme" on page 150. It clearly undermines Jean Bricaud's Legitimacy of transmission from Téder.

"Regarding Bricaud's alleged rights to Grand Mastership of the Martinist Order there are also several witnesses i can remember. One of the witnesses is still living here in Paris (note- this was in 1946). Brother Nicholas Choumitsky (from whom Ambelain received the Russian Martinist filiation), of an old Russian Martinist family...pupil and disciple of Charles Barlet, has told me:

'I returned to France in 1919. Téder had died. I asked Chacornac Snr, who was therefore the Grand Master of the Martinist Order, and he answered:"It is Blanchard". I therefore made contact with Blanchard. A meeting was organized between Bricaud and Blanchard. It took place in a café. Blanchard arrived with some members of his Supreme Council. Bricaud arrived alone,

bringing with him a document, framed in glass, which claimed that Téder had nominated him as his successor. Blanchard became violently angry, and after examination of the document, the unanimous opinion was that it was not authentic. Bricaud left the impression on those attending of being superficial and lacking any depth. I then turned to Charles Barlet and asked

him who was the true successor of Téder. He smiled and said that Martinism was "a circle whose circumference was everywhere and the center nowhere". He intended by this that it did not have a Grand Master. Afterwards Madame Detre (Téder's wife) told me that her husband could not have designated a successor since he wasn't at all intending to die! According to her he died following a magical ritual'.

The document mentioned, still existing in the Archives of the Martinist Order, mainly advises the dignitaries of the 'Ordre Martiniste'of Téder's death.It is signed "Jean Bricaud 33 90 95, President of the Suprème Counsil and Grand Master General of the Order". Bricaud referred to himself as Grand Master, without consulting the dignitaries of the Order. "And since Téder had not nominated anyone, as can be seen, the result was a little too immediate...The Grand Counsils of Italy, Spain, and of Great Britain, cut off their relations with the Suprème Counsil of Lyon. A great number of French Martinists joined Blanchard and his 'Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique', others remained isolated and rejoined Augustin Chaboseau's (Founder of the Martinist Order, together with Papus) Traditional Martinist Order, 12 years later."

Another important fact, which would influence the developments within the Martinist Order, was the "connection" between the Martinist Order and Freemasonry, propagated by Téder.

The story already began in 1908 at the Congress in Paris, organized by Papus. Papus and Téder looked at the possibilities to connect the Martinist Order with the High degrees of French Freemasonry. It seems that in 1914 Papus and Téder came to an agreement with Dr. de Ribeaucourt, Grand Master of the RITE ECOSSAIS RECTIFICÉ (the Scottish Rectified Rite 1*),to create a Martinist Grand Chapter which would act as a bridge between the Martinist Order and Scottish Freemasonry. Unfortunately for this project, the first World War, the death of Papus in 1916, and a change in the Grand Mastership of the R.E.R. brought an end to this project. But Téder started to work upon this concept, in which he overlooked all the possibilities for a possible union between the Order and Masonry. The outcome was the birth of the 'ORDRE MARTINISTE-MARTINÉZISTE de LYON' in 1916. One of the consequences was that women were excluded from the Order, because Masonry did not accept women.

After the death of Téder in 1918, Jean Bricaud decreed that the Martinist Order would only admit Masons of the 3rd Degree, also known within Craft Masonry as 'Master Masons'. Many original Members did not approve of this "Masonizing" of the Order, and many, as we've already seen, refused to recognize the new regime with it's restrictions on certain classes of Members ( particularly on the Sisters of the Martinist Order, who were excluded from Masonry). "Among the brothers who desired to preserve the original character of the Order was Victor Blanchard". He founded, with some old members of the first Supreme Council, his own Martinist Order on the 3rd of January, 1921. This Order would later become known as the 'ORDRE MARTINISTE et SYNARCHIQUE'. The Martinist Order of Bricaud tented to pace itself in the tradition of the ELUS COHEN of Pasqually and Willermoz, reserving entry to the Order to men who also had to be 'Master Masons', thereby continuing the attempts by Téder to link Martinism with Freemasonry.

Blanchard remained a practitioner of esoteric syncretism as practised by Papus, and in a similar manner allowed women to join and did not require the Masonic qualification. Victor Blanchard linked himself with the ideas of Saint-Yves d'Alveydre, and therefore added to the name of the Order the epithet "SYNARCHY"."No doubt, that by working at the secretariat of the Members of Parliament, he aspired to influence the course of political events by his occult activities, and by disseminating the ideals of Synarchie".

 

BLANCHARD and the Occult Orders

"Victor Blanchard was also a Mason in the Grand Oriënt of France where he was a member of the "Grand College of Rites". Blanchard was also a dignitary in a number of other occult orders:

*1908 L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE - Blanchard was initiated by

Jean Bricaud on May 15, 1918, under the name of TAU TARGELIUS

*1888 L'ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE-CROIX - Blanchard succeeded

Lucien Chamuel, who died in 1936, as Grand Master (until 1939, when he was succeeded by Chaboseau).

*1914 L'ORDRE DU LYS ET DU L'AIGLE - Order of the Lily and the Eagle(who in their higher degrees convey the initiation of the ROSE-CROIX of the ORIENT), of which Blanchard was a member and where he was Commander from 1918 on.

*1908 FRATERNITÉ DES POLAIRES - The Polaire Brotherhood, of which

Blanchard was President from 1933 on.

*1927 ORDRE HERMETISTE TÉTRAMÉGISTE ET MYSTIQUE / ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN

- The Pythagorean Order in which,"thanks to the links created by the F.U.D.O.S.I.", he obtained the 4th. and last degree "SUBLIME LUMINOUS CONSISTORY"

 

the F.U.D.O.S.I.

"He (Blanchard) was one of the most enthusiastic founders of the

F.U.D.O.S.I.(FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE

INITIATIONIS), which allowed him to continue the international action he commenced with Papus in June 1908, and conferred a new legitimacy with regard to Chevillon, who as Bricaud's successor he did not acknowledge. He was one of the three Imperators appointed in 1934 with special jurisdiction over Martinism and the countries of the East (Sar Hieronymus being Imperator for Europe, and Sar Alden being Imperator for the U.S.A.), Augustin Chaboseau replaced him as Imperator in 1939".

Blanchard, as a Grand Master of the Martinist Order, was chairman of the Martinist Convention, held on the 9th until the 16th. of August 1934 in Brussels (the FUDOSI-convention was divided into several conventions ...see part 5 "the first Convention"). At this special convention he initiated Emille Dantinne, Spencer Lewis and several other dignitaries of the FUDOSI into Martinism. Blanchard's Martinist Order was officially baptized "ORDRE MARTINISTE et SYNARCHIQUE".

Just prior to the Convention of August 1934 Blanchard visited Brussels to meet Armand Rombauts, who was initiated into the original Martinist Order of Papus. After the first World War Rombauts became the official delegate for the Martinist Order in Belgium. He also received the 90th degree of "The Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraïm" from Jean Bricaud in 1918 (more information on Rombauts, see Part 6). The meeting in May, 1934 of Blanchard and Rombauts resulted in the foundation of a Martinist Lodge in Belgium, called "URIËL". The installation of Lodge "Uriël" was the first official meeting between two of the leading characters, which would play a decisive role in the foundation of the F.U.D.O.S.I., in August of that same year. One has to keep in mind, that Armand Rombauts was 'the man behind the scene' within the F.U.D.O.S.I., because of his leading qualities and years of experiences within various esoteric fraternities. He was probably even more involved with the preliminary work of the Federation then Emille Dantinne. Regarding the installation of the Martinist Lodge Rombauts wrote the following text in a magazine called "ADONHIRAM", which was published by Jean Mallinger:

"Un nouveau triangle martiniste sera installé à l'Oriënt de Bruxelles le vendredi 11 mai prochain à 20 h 30, sous le titre distinctif 'Uriël "

The review ‘Adonhiram’ was the official bulletin of the Antient & Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraïm in Belgium. In the issue of the spring of 1934 the creation of two Martinist Lodges were announced: Lodge 'Uriël’ in Brussels, Belgium and Lodge ‘Tiphereth’ in Strassbourg, France.

In 1939 the dream was over for Blanchard; he was expelled from the

F.U.D.O.S.I. according to Jean Mallinger (disciple and close friend of Dantinne, FUDOSI-dignitary). The reason cited is that"on July 14, 1938 Blanchard auto-consecrated himself as the Universal Grand Master of the Rose-Croix and of all the Initiatic Orders of the world. He sent a proclamation to each Grand Master of the federation, which requested allegiance and recognition of his new dignity.

As a result some members also left the 'Martinist Order and Synarchy' (amongst them George Lagréze/Sar Mikael and Jeanne Guesdon/Sar Puritia). Many of them joined Augustin Chaboseau's 'Traditional Martinist Order'. He was also replaced in all other high offices he held. Only the 'Polaires'and the 'Martinist Order and Synarchy'remained loyal to him."

However... after World War II Blanchard reconciled with the FUDOSI in 1946, on the 5th Convent of the federation, held in Brussels at the "Francois Soetewey-Temple".Victor Blanchard died on the 14th of March, 1953 ... ....

 

 

 

OPENING ADRESS TO THE MASONIC AND SPIRITUALIST CONGRESS IN 1908

'Victor Blanchard was the Secretary-General of the masonic and Spiritualist Congress in 1908, organized by Papus. In Blanchard's opening adress he referred to it as "the first autonomous Congress of Occultism" and expressed in conclusion the hope of seeing all the French Masonic Rites coming to reïnforce "the Army of Christian Idealism". Here's a passage which exemplifies his thought at the time'

* "The doctrine which now excites your curiosity so much is not new,

whatever the critics of the history of philosophy may say.

* If we refer to purely historical documents, it is in the most famous

Sanctuaries of India and Egypt - inheritors of the traditional Wisdom of the

black races, Atlantis and Lemuria, that OCCULT SCIENCE was born.

* From there esotericism spread to China, Iran, Chaldea, Palestine,

Greece, Rome, the Gallic countries, Germany and all over the face of the

Earth.

* Let us not forget that this philosophy, at once human and divine

powerfully inspired all of the founders of the great ancient religions,

among them Ram or Lam, Confucius, Krishna, Zoroaster, MOSES, and Buddha. It is from it that that the celebrated legislators of passed ages drew their

wisest institutions. It is from this sublime source, that the majority of

poets, philosophers and sages of antiquity and of modern times drew the best

part of their great and brilliant ideas. One rediscovers it hidden beneath

the literal text of all the Holy Scriptures of the East and West, in the

parables of Jesus, right up to the Epistles of St Paul. It was held by

certain fathers of the Church, the Gnostics, Troubadours, Trouveres,

Alchemists, heads of medieval guilds, and the intellectual elite of the

Templars, who having escaped torture and bloodshed, transmitted it later

through the intermediaries of the Rose-Croix, Freemasons, and Martinists.

* HERMETICISM is the scientific, philosophic, religious and social

synthesis of the past, present and will be, without doubt, that of the

future.

* The theologian, philosopher, the savant, doctor, moralist or

sociologist should make the effort to study occultism where alone they will

find together with the best solutions to theological, cosmological,

anthropological and sociological enigmas, as well as the elements which will

revivify their current knowledge, and how to regenerate the human body and

soul and of the whole of society.

* The historian, author and artist will also profit from these

slightly abstract studies. The first will discover the explanation of many

obscure and troubling facts; the second will easily penetrate the higher

sense of apparently absurd ancient myths and eastern fables, and will be

better able to decipher the mysteries of the human soul. The third will be

able to contemplate without tiring, the different forms which reveal the

Supreme Beauty in this world as in the other planes of the manifested

Universe, and consequently will be able to give them more adequate physical

expression than those which have been produced before.

* As for those who are tormented by the deeply anguishing problem of

life after death, they will be soon understand through exposure to our

doctrines, we hope, the rational certitude through experience of the

immortality of their conscious and spiritual principle, they will understand

that Divinity wants the best for all its creatures, and that the Heaven,

Purgatory and Hell of the naïve theologians are nothing more than the

physical and moral situations in which our soul finds itself throughout the

course of its eternal career . They will know that Reincarnation, taught in

the ancient mystery schools, just as it was in the original Christian

Church, and in modern initiations is one of the multiple means employed by

the Sovereign Bounty (or Supreme Good), in order to hasten the animical,

intellectual and spiritual evolution of each one of us. They will see that

man works out unceasingly through the conditions, which must preside over

successive lives in time and space. They will recognize that human beings

are all united to each other not only in actions, but also in words and

above all in thought. It is by these means that they will prepare

consciously the Coming on Earth of the True Fraternity and of the Reign of

the Holy Spirit, or of Science allied to Faith, of Reason united to

Intuition, a lasting and celestial fusion which the Feast of Pentecost

symbolizes so well."

http://www.geocities.com/hiram_abyss/Victor_Blanchard.html

website "Ancient Martinist Order-auth. Elias Ibrahim

( Note: The Feast of Pentecost, in 1908, fell on 7th June, the opening day of the Congress.)

1* The R.E.R. was known until 1772 as the RITE OF STRICT OBSERVANCE

( see Part 8 "Camille Savoir")

7

"IN THIRTY-TWO MYSTERIOUS PATHS OF WISDOM DID JAH, THE JEHOVAH OF HOSTS, THE GOD OF ISRAEL, THE LIVING ELOHIM, THE KING OF AGES, THE MERCIFUL AND GRACIOUS GOD, THE EXALTED ONE, THE DWELLER IN ETERNITY, MOST HIGH AND HOLY—ENGRAVE HIS NAME BY THE THREE SEPHARIM – NUMBERS, LETTERS, AND SOUNDS"

SEPHER YETZIRAH – Chapter 1 .'. Section 1

 

Saint-Yves d'Alveydre 1842-1909

Marquis Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre was a follower of the school of Jean-Philipe Dutoit-Membrini (a.k.a Keleph-ben-Natha, 1721-1793) and Fabre d'Olivet (1762-1825). Saint-Yves d' Alveydre, together with contemparies like Eliphas Levi, Maitre Philippe (Philippe Nizier), and Fabre d'Olivet, belonged to the most influental spiritual teachers of France at the time, the 19th. century. Gerard Encausse (Papus) saw Saint-Yves d'Alveydre as his intellectual teacher (Maitre Phillipe was Papus' spiritual teacher). Saint-Yves may be looked upon as a 19th century profound thinker, philosopher and mystic. He corresponded with all the well-known occultists of his time. In the year 1885 he was visited by a group of Eastern initiates, one of them named prince Hardjij Scharipf. Their mission was to inform Saint-Yves on 'AGARTTHA', a spiritual and political organization. Their visit lead to his last publication, titled "Mission de L'Inde en Europe, mission de L'Europe en Asie. La question des Mahatmas et sa solution". This book was dedicated to :" Au souverain Pontife qui porte la tiare aux sept couronnes au Brahatmah actuel de l'antique Paradésa du Cycle de l'Agneau et du Bélier." The book would never be published, because Saint-Yves changed his mind (he considered the actual content of the work too precious to share it with a profane society) and tore it to pieces (one copy survived, and was published in a limited edition in 1909). Saint-Yves d'Alveydre developed during his lifetime the principle of 'SYNARCHY'. 'Synarchy' would influence the political view of a lot of the leading occultists of the first half of the 20th. century, especially in continental Europe. For instance, the F.U.D.O.S.I. implemented the philosophy of Synarchy into their basic philosophy.

Saint-Yves' ideas for the concept of "Synarchy" were probably inspired on earlier works like Tomasso Campanella's 'CIVITAS SOLIS' (CITY OF THE SUN), which was published in the beginning of the 17th. Century (1623). Writings like 'CIVITAS SOLIS' were based upon an Utopian worldview (other writings in this genre: THOMAS MOORE "UTOPIA" 1516, JOHANN VALENTIN ANDREA "CRISTIANOPOLIS" 1619, FRANCIS BACON "NOVA ATLANTIS",1627)

 

'SYNARCHY'

The basic idea of this concept is a world which is lead by one institute which is based on spiritual- and social fundaments.

Synarchy is a " FORM OF GOVERNMENT BASED ON 'PRINCIPLES', in contrast with 'Anarchy'. In 'Synarchy' a social entity is lead by an Authority. The Authority controls RELIGION, ARMY, and EDUCATION.

The foundation of the philosophy consists of three elements:

1. EDUCATION

2. LAW

3. ECONOMY

The Authority belongs to 'the Wise', according to this philosophy. In a 'Synarchic(al) Society' social life has a hierarchical structure. Society is lead by three departments which are not based on politics but on social values.

Culture, Art, and Science belongs to the fundamental element "Education".

Court, Police, the Army and Foreign Affairs belongs to the element "Law".

the Unions, the Government, and the working class belongs to the third element "Economy".

The highest ambition of the philosophy of Synarchy was a society without classes. Furthermore, in a Synarchic society the responsibility of the politicians would be in the hands of the "Wise", the "specialists".

As stated before, Synarchy would play a major role in the philosophical view on society of allmost all of the mystics of the first half of the 20th. century. The view on society of the Martinist-Order was centred around the philosophy of Synarchy. As we know, there was even a Synarchic-Martinist Order founded in 1921 (1) by Victor Blanchard, the "ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE", which still exists today in Great Britain (incl. the W.-Indies, "O.M.& S.Universel") and Canada (the French branch merged in 1960 with the "ORDRE MARTINIST DE PARIS" of Philippe Encausse, son of Papus). The O.M.&S. of today looks upon 'Synarchy' as a heritage from the past, it's not implemented any longer in their teachings.

Men like Papus, Philippe Nizier, Victor Blanchard, Emille Dantinne and many others in the esoteric community were all followers of the "Synarchic-Movement ".

Rudolf Steiner used Synarchy as a major influence when he developed his own ideas for his own movement, the "ANTROPOSOFISCHE GESELLSCHAFT " (out of which came the philosophy which is known today as "Antroposophy").

The Synarchic-Movement was also represented among the nobility at the court of the Russian Tsar, where Martinism was introduced by Papus at the end of the 19th.century. As we saw in part 9, the Synarchic-Movement was persecuted during Worl War II by the Nazi's, and many members were either killed (Constant Chevillon) or imprisoned in a concentration-camp.

After the Second World War the Synarchic-Movement declined, it's heydays were over...

Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre died in Versailles on Februari 5, 1909 and was buried at the graveyard of Notre-dame.

some of the works he wrote :

"Mission actuelle des ouvriers" 1882

"Mission actuelle des souverains, par l'un deux 1882

"Mission des juifs" 1884

"La France vraie" 1887

"L'Archéometre" 1903

"Mission de l'Inde" (posthumous)

(1) The O.M.&S. was founded in 1921 by Victor Blanchard, but the actual name "Ordre Martiniste & Synarchique" was given to the Order in 1934, when the F.U.D.O.S.I. was formed.

8

"FOR WHAT WE DO PRESAGE IS NOT IN GROSSE, FOR WE BE BRETHREN OF THE ROSIE CROSS : WE HAVE THE MASON'S WORD AND SECOND SIGHT, THINGS FOR TO COME WE CAN FORTELL ARIGHT"

1638- Henry Adamson

 

a 'War of the Roses' in America,

H.S. Lewis versus R.Swinburne Clymer

 

introduction - Dantinne's Decree

One of the items (not discussed in part 9) on the agenda of the 4th Convention of the F.U.D.O.S.I. , held on September 4 - 10, 1939 in Brussels, was the 1st meeting of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. in February 1939. One of the leading characters of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. was Reuben Swinburne Clymer (part 7 - 8), arch-rival of Harvey Spencer Lewis. The founding of the F.U.D.O.F.S.I. lead to a renewal of scurrilous attacks on Lewis from Clymer. On August 13, a Decree was written (original in the French language) by Emille Dantinne, as the Imperator of the Rose Croix of Europe, which was given to James R. Whitcomb (personal representative of R.M.Lewis) to transmit to Lewis as Imperator of A.M.O.R.C.

The document reads in part :

source : Rosicrucian Questions & Answers ..... H.S.Lewis, publ. AMORC c)1941

"It is inevitable that the AMORC, the only Organization in the Western world perpetuating the teachings of the R+C that have been transmitted by written or spoken word by the R+C instructors, become the target of evil forces working through isolated individuals or organizations, who would attempt to put obstacles in its way and to curtail its progress.

"Therefore, in due Assembly in Brussels, Belgium, on this 13th day of the month of August, in the year 1939, we, members regularly elected of the Supreme Counsil of the F.U.D.O.S.I., after due examination of the elements of appreciation in the case that has been submitted to us, do proclaim that Reuben Swinburne Clymer, who does profess to perpetuate the true and ancient Rosicrucian teachings in America and who assails the character of the Hierarchy of AMORC, and who seeks to stalemate its progress, is in no wise recognized by us having any Rosicrucian authority.

"We do also proclaim that the so-called "International Confederation of Rosicrucians" which R. Swinburne Clymer purports to exist in Europe, and with which he claims to be associated and deriving certain articles of authority, is in no wise recognized by the R+C Orders of Europe that are affiliated to the F.U.D.O.S.I. In our opinion, the above mentioned Confederation, is a clandestine organization that is illegitimate in its function, and does not give any initiatique guaranty."

attacks against A.M.O.R.C. - Clymer versus Lewis

As already stated in part 8 ("F.U.D.O.F.S.I.- Biographies") "Clymer devoted much efforts and work to slander and attack A.M.O.R.C. and it's founder."

The slander against A.M.O.R.C. started around the time when Lewis' organization moved to San José, California (1927) and began to flourish on a larger scale. Whatever one thinks of Lewis, he was a man of undoubted creative gifts who succeeded in building up the most conspicuous and succesful of the American Rosicrucian organizations.

The expansion of A.M.O.R.C. including its claim of being the only true and genuine Rosicrucian Order on the American continent created the (understandable) opposition against Lewis' organization.

Already in 1921, after receiving a honorary diploma from Reuss' O.T.O. , Lewis speaks of A.M.O.R.C. as the one and only true R+C organization of America, far superior to any other concurrent R+C organization in America, such as:Heindel's Rosicrucian Fellowship, Plummer's Societas Rosicruciana in America or Clymer's Fraternitas Rosae Crucis.

"By all this it will be seen that the A.M.O.R.C. is the only organization, body, society or group of Rosicrucians in America ( or in the world, for that matter ) having the approval, recognition and direction of the Supreme High Council of all ancient and modern Secret Rites" source: Robert Vanloo

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/vanloo/vanloo.htm

P.R.Koenig "Robert Vanloo - "

Thus Lewis, who wrote this conclusion in 1921, deriving his authority from a charter he received from Reuss ! (Lewis always liked to refer in his statements on his R+C authority to a "Supreme High Council" of, as in this case "all ancient and modern rites").

Lewis found himself under attack from a number of quarters, including several ex-members of A.M.O.R.C. (G.L.Smith (1), A.H.Saunders), but the most persistent opponent was Clymer who started to question Lewis' "rosicrucian authority" around 1928. Both rivals went to great trouble to try and prove their authority. Years of continuous slander followed with statements which rarely rose above the level of mud-slinging.

Christopher McIntosh in his book "The Rosicrucians ..." on the Lewis-Clymer hostilities :

"Finally, AMORC felt impelled to counterattack in the form of a pamphlet issued in 1935 under the heading Audi Alteram Partem (hear the other side), this takes the form of a report by a "National Membership Defense Commitee" which had apparently examined the accusations brought by Clymer and found them to be false. Clymer himself is described in the report as a German or Dutch printer who discovered years ago that it was more profitable to spend all of his time at the type case than in farming ... especially when it enables him to foster and glorify some of the weirdest notions that a human mind ever harboured". The description mentions Clymer's "fondness for titles, for self-appointed and self-devised positions of eminent authority".

Clymer retaliated by saying that Lewis'own claim to the designation of "Dr." was suspect.(2). This counterblast of Clymer's came in the vast second volume of his book, "The Rosicrucian Fraternity in America". The 959 pages of this volume are devoted almost exclusively to attacking Lewis and AMORC. Like many of Clymer's writings, the work has to be approached with skepticism.", thus McIntosh.

One of the focuspoints in their mutual attacks on each other had to do with sex magic, each side accused the other of teaching sexual practises. Clymer admitted that his order did teach 'the high law of generation and regeneration', which, he emphasized, is a healthy form of sex teaching, contrary to the, what Clymer called, "Black magic of Crowley and the modernized O.T.O." A.M.O.R.C. replied that the real O.T.O. had nothing to do with Black magic, emphasizing that the real O.T.O. was Reuss'O.T.O., and had nothing to do with Crowley and his teachings (which is not entirely true, see P.R. Koenig's website at

http://home.sunrise.ch/~prkoenig/

One of the few points which both A.M.O.R.C. and the F.R.C. agreed upon, seems to be that Crowley was a Black magician. Clymer always refered to Crowley's 'notorious Black-Magic Sex formula', "Love is the Law, Love under Will".

Despite the fact that A.M.O.R.C. shared Clymer's view on Crowley, did not prevend them to use a formula similar to Crowley's formula ( A.M.O.R.C. Temple-lectures, 11th.Grade ) .

A.M.O.R.C. on Clymer, in "History of the Order", from "R+C Questions & Answers"

Harvey Spencer Lewis on page 152/153 , vol.1 1965

"It would be expected that Dr.Clymer's representations and maladroitly presented "Teachings" and attacks on other movements would eventually attract the attention of the Supreme Council of the Rosicrucian Order of the world and the dignitaries of the Rose Croix of Europe. One of the first to voice a protest was the eminent F. Wittemans, avocat- at the time , a member of the Belgian Senate- and renowned European historian of the Rosicrucian Order, his works on the Order being published in several languages. In a letter addressed to the Imperator of A.M.O.R.C. of North America, dated December 16, 1928, and referring to Dr. Clymer's writings, he said :

"I criticize very much such writings, which should not be issued by an occultist and prove by their self their hollowness. I will thus not mention them in my work"....

(note: description of the connection between Lewis and Wittemans : see Chapter 4 "…on Wittemans, note 3)

 

The whole case culminated in several court trials, which Clymer Lost, but the trials did not discourage Clymer in continueing the attacks on Lewis'organization.

At the end of Audi Alteram Partem Lewis published the following open letter to Clymer:

"Dear Mr. Clymer,

As you have openly declared yourself desirous of presenting to all interested parties the evidence you claim to have, which would disprove all AMORC claims, we are again, and for the last time, going to test the sincerity of your vaunted statements by challenging you to an open public debate and presentation of evidence"

( source: McIntosh ) Lewis went on to offer to "pay for the rental of any hall you select in any city of one hundred thousand or more, in the mid-western states ... and pay for your transportation to the city."

The debate would never take place. Clymer refused*, and demanded in turn that Lewis submit to investigation all the documents he possessed, which Lewis, of course, understandably refused to do... But Clymer did not refuse, as Lewis claimed, Lewis never let the members of AMORC know that Clymer accepted "with the proviso that a commitee of high grade Masons be the judge of the documents and arguments presented".

and the war went on ..... the war of the roses in America ...

*

1) From the courtcase against G.L. Smith a letter, which Lewis introduced to the court as an example of the validity of A.M.O.R.C.'s international character, is published on the website :

http://users.cybercity.dk/~ccc12757/hist.htm

"EARLY DANISH O.T.O.HISTORY". Apparently Lewis tried to withdraw the letter when he realized the writing would become a public record. Lewis attempt failed, but he later refused to produce the letter for transcription. Again, under pressure from the court he finally handed the original letter over to the translator(s)concerned. The letter is a communication between Carl William Hansen, a.k.a. Ben Kadosh, and Harvey Spencer Lewis, dated Copenhagen June 21, 1931. Kadosh was, amongst others, Grand Master of the Danish Martinists incl. the Kabbalistic Order of the Rose+Cross, and X* (Nat. Grandmaster)of Reuss'O.T.O. for Denmark.

Kadosh explains to Lewis in his letter that "he's no longer interested in 'big' Orders and Societies, nor fascinated by their seals, charters, and more. True Rosicrucianism cannot be found in major Orders ..." etc. At the end of the letter he states his opinion about A.M.O.R.C. to which Kadosh refers as an "American business in esoteric school-systems". For more information, take a look at the website ...

2) Both Clymer and Lewis claimed the title of "Doctor". The truth is that both were never really graduated by any reputable medical college. Clymer was classified as a "Physio-Medicist". Clymer was a graduate of the "Independent Medical College" in Chicago (1898). This college was finally declared a fraud by the federal authorities and put out of business.

In 1933 Harvey Spencer Lewis received a degree titled "Doctor in Psychological and Hermetic Sciences" of the Université de la Rose+Croix from Emile Dantinne, together with the 'sanctified title'Sar.

Lewis always claimed that he'd received a 'Doctorate in Psychology' from a "French Rosicrucian School" of which he was made a member in 1904 (at the age of 20!!).

Of course this claim is a fraud. The only document Lewis received was, again, a honorary degree, which was given to him as a gage of amity by Dantinne. A copy of this document can be found at the Library of Lyon, in France. The document is dated March, 12 1933, and is signed by Jean Mallinger (Sar Elgrim), Emile Dantinne, Lucien Francois (the Archivist), and Sar Sapiens.

 

 

 

9

F.U.D.O.S.I.

Affiliated Organizations & Memberlist Dignitaries (i.a. Supreme Council)

The following organizations were affiliated to the F.U.D.O.S.I.

1. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSELLE (Sar Hieronymus)

2. ORDRE DE LA ROSE+CROIX UNIVERSITAIRE (Sar Hieronymus, Sar Elgrim)

3. ORDRE KABBALISTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX (Sar Yesir representing Lucien Mauchel)

4. CONFRERIE DES FRERES ILLUMINES DE LA ROSE+CROIX (Sar Amertis)

5. A.M.O.R.C. U.S.A. (Sar Alden, Sar Emmanuel, Sar Iohannes)

6. MILITIA CRUCIFERA EVANGELICA (Sar Alden)

7. ORDRE ANCIEN ET MYSTIQUE DE LA ROSE+CROIX AMORC-Switzerland (Sar Amertis representing sar Alkmaion)

8. SOCIETE ALCHIMIQUE DE FRANCE (Sar Amertis)

9. ORDRE DES SAMARITAINS INCONNUS (Sar Amertis)

10. ORDRE HERMETISTE TETRAMEGISTE ET MYSTIQUE or ORDRE PYTHAGORICIEN (Sar Succus, Sar Helios)

11. ORDRE MARTINISTE ET SYNARCHIQUE (Sar Yesir)

12. FRATERNITE DES POLAIRES (Sar Yesir)

13. ORDRE MACONNIQUE ORIENTAL DE MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM STRICTE OBSERVANCE (Sar Iohannes, Sar Ludovicus)

14. CO-MASONIC ORDER OF MEMPHIS-MIZRAIM (Sar Laya, Sar Fulgur)

15. L'EGLISE GNOSTIQUE UNIVERSELLE (Tau Targelius=Victor Blanchard)

16. SOCIÉTÉ d'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES TEMPLIÉRES (Sar Gregorius)

17. SOCIÉTÉ d'ETUDES MARTINISTES (founded by Sar Lilium)

18. UNION SYNARCHIQUE DE POLOGNE (Dr. Tarlo Mazinski )

19. ORDRE MARTINIST TRADITIONNEL (Sar Augustinus)

20. ORDER OF THE LILY & THE EAGLE (Sar Lilium)

Here's a list of dignitaries of the F.U.D.O.S.I., some of them only known (to me) by their "Nomen Mysticum".

1. SAR HIERONYMUS, Emile Dantinne - Belgium. Imperator .

2. SAR ELGRIM, Jean Mallinger - Belgium. Secretary (Imperator of the '51 Convention*)

3. SAR ALDEN, Harvey Spencer Lewis - U.S.A. Imperator 1934-1939(+)

4. SAR VALIDIVAR, Ralph Maxwell Lewis - U.S.A. Imperator 1939-1951

5. SAR IOHANNES, Hans Grueter - France

6. SAR PURITIA, Jeanne Guesdon - France

7. SAR EMMANUEL, Many Cihlar - Austria

8. SAR YESIR, Victor Blanchard - France. Imperator 1934-1939

9. SAR ARTEMIS, August Reichel - Switzerland. Left in 1935, he later joined Chevillon and Clymer's F.U.D.O.F.S.I. (together with Raoul Fructus, member of the "Sovereign Coucil" of the M.'.M.'. on the '34 Convention, Fructus died in '45 as a victim of the Nazi-occupation)

10. SAR ALKMAION, Edouard Bertholet - Switzerland

11. OR-ZAM PHANAR, Armand Rombauts - Belgium

12. SAR SUCCUS, Francois Soetewey - Belgium

13. SAR HELIOS

14. SAR LUDOVICUS, Colonel Fitau, Consul of Chile, 'died in 1939

15. SAR LAYA

16. SAR FULGUR, Maurice De Seck - Austria

17. SAR GREGORIUS, André Cordonnier - France. Assistant-Imperator on the '46 Convention

18. SAR NITRAM, Lydie Martin - France

19. SAR AGNI, Leon Lelarge - Belgium. Secretary of Emile Dantinne.

20. (MIKAEL) SAR EQUES ROSAE CARITAS, Georges de Lagréze - France

21. SAR PASCAL, Fr. Hutin , died in 1945 (victim of the Nazi-occupation)

22. SAR IGNIS, Nico Wolff - Belgium, died in 1943 (victim of the Nazi-occupation)

23. SAR LAMPAS, Belgium

24. SAR LILIUM, Eugène Dupré - France - 'died in a bombing-raid in 1944

25. SAR APPOLONIUS, Rochat de L'Abbaye - France

26. SAR AUGUSTINUS, Augustin Chaboseau - France. Imperator 1939-1946

27. GALAAD, Jean Chaboseau - France. Son of A.Chaboseau, left in 1947 after he tried to disband the Martinist Supreme Counsil

28. SAR RENATUS, René Rossart - Belgium

29. SAR LEUKOS, U.S.A. President of the "Council of Regency"

30. SAR KRYPTOS, George Delaive - Belgium

31. SAR PHALGOS, Jules Boucher - France

32. SAR PLACIDUS, Frater Coops - the Netherlands

33. SAR SAPIENS, Lucien Francois

34. SAR IGNIFER , Jules Boucher

and SAR AKHNATON, SAR ESSENIUS, , SAR MARE, SAR SIGNUM, SAR VIATO ...

 

 

 

 

 

10

Excerpts from Essays and Manuscripts

I

ON THE ISLAMIC ORIGIN OF THE ROSE-CROIX

By Emile Dantinne ( Sar Hieronymus)

Originally published in the review "Inconnus" 1951

To know the history of the mysterious Order of the Rose-Croix, it is indispensable to refer to the ancient documents which attest to its existence in Europe at the beginning of the 17th century.

The most important of these documents and the earliest is entitled: Allegemeine und generale Reformation des gantzen weiten Welte,heneben der Fama Fraternitatis des löblichen Ordens des Rosenkreutzes an alle Gelehrte und Haupter Europae geschrieben …. This anonymous text of 147 pages in octavo appeared in Cassel from the printery of Wilhelm Wessel in 1614.

The essential and original part of the Reformation is the Fama Fraternitatis comprising pages 91 to 118 of the 1614 edition.

The Fama Fraternitatis speaks of a secret fraternity founded two centuries before by Christian Rosenkreutz whose life it recounts.

Born of a noble family, Christian Rosenkreutz became orphaned at an early age. He grew up in a convent which he left at the age of sixteen years in order to travel in Arabia, Egypt and Morocco (Sedir, Histoire des Rose-Croix, p 42).

It is during the course of these travels in Islamic countries that he was put into contact with the sages of the East, who revealed to him the universal harmonic science derived from the Book M which Rosenkreutz translated.

It is on the foundation of this teaching that he conceived the plan for simultaneous universal religious, philosophic, scientific, political, and artistic reform. For the realization of this plan he united with several disciples to whom he gave the name of Rose-Croix.

The founder of the Order of the Rose-Croix belonged, as affirmed by his historians, to a noble family, but no document allows us to affirm this peremptorily. But that which is certain is that he was an orientalist and a great traveler.

The Fama tells us "that in his youth he attempted a journey to the Holy Sepulchre with a brother P.A.L. Although this brother died in Cyprus and so did not see Jerusalem, our brother C.R. did not turn back, but embarked for the other coast and directing himself towards Damascus, wanting to continue by visiting Jerusalem, but die to sickness of body, he stopped himself and thanks to the use of some drugs (which were not foreign to him) he received the favor of the Turks and entered into contact with the Sages of Damasco (Damcar) in Arabia…."

He became acquainted with the miracles accomplished by the Sages and how the whole of nature was unveiled to them. Not being able to contain his impatience, he made an agreement with the Arabs that they would take him to Damcar for a certain sum of money.

If one admits the date 1378 as the date of birth of Christian Rosenkreutz, it is incontestable that the beginning of his voyage to the Middle East is situated in the first years of the 15th century during the interregnum of 1389 to 1402, during the epoch of Sultan Sulieman the First (1402-1410). …but incontestably before the great catastrophe of 29th May 1453, the date of the taking of Constantinople by the Turks. Before that time, there is no doubt that relations between Europe and the Islamic world were quite normal and that a young lover of things Arabian such as C. Rosenkreutz would not have lost the opportunity to be accepted in the learned circles of Islamic countries.

In spite of the intellectual decadence which marked the end of the Caliphate " the universities of Cairo, Baghdad and Damascus were highly reputed."

There is nothing at all surprising that this young German savant should go to Jerusalem and have the desire to know about the Arab philosophy whose influence had been so considerable on medieval scholasticism since Gregory IX had lifted the prohibition on Aristotle and the Arab philosophers.

The text of the Fama relative to the relationship of C.Rosenkreutz with the Sages of Damasco is not yet as clear as one thinks. Does it suggest Damascus? This village in Arabia is named Damashqûn. In addition, the ancient capital of the realm of Damacène, the capital of Syria, is not at all in Arabia.

In reality does it not suggest a totally different school? It is necessary to note that the word university or college corresponds to the arabic noun madrasat. The author of a History of Lebanon refers to the "madrasat-ul-hûqûqi fi Bayrût", which means the University of Law in Beirut.

The word Damcar therefore remains quite mysterious. I have in vain consulted dictionaries by Lane, Kazimirski, Richardson, Wahrmund, Zenker, Belot, Houwa, the Supplement aux dictionnaires arabes by Dozy, the Additions aux dictionnaires arabes by Fagnan, the Enzyklopädie des Islam and the Geschichte der Arabischen Literatur by Brocklemann. DMCR is not an arabic root.

And yet Damcar doesn't seem so far from Jerusalem. It is there that he strengthened his foundation in the Arabic language that the following year he translated the Book M into good Latin .

It is sufficiently difficult to know what the author intended by Book M. Perhaps it suggests a translation of a lost book by Aristotle, bearing this title, but it hardly seems probable. Since the Fama cites other books by means of a letter, one can induce that the initials in question correspond to the categorization Chr. Rosenkreutz made for the books which he translated from Arabic.

After three years of study in which he especially concentrated on medicine and mathematics, he embarked from the Sinu Arabico for Egypt, where he applied his attention to plants and animals.

He doesn't seem to have been in Egypt for very long , when as he states, he embarked for the destination of Fez. What he says here is worth remembering: " Every year the Arabs and Africans send their chosen deputies to meet to question each other on the subject of the Arts and to know whether something better hasn't been discovered, or if experience hasn't weakened their basic principles. Therefore every year sees something new which improves mathematics, medicine, and magic." But he recognized that "their magic was not altogther pure and their Kabbalah is defiled by their religion".

The Sages whom he meets in Fez are in periodic and regular contact with those of other Islamic countries. The "Elementaries", that is to say those who study the elements, revealed many of their secrets to him.

Fez was at the time a center of philosophical and occultist studies: some taught there were the alchemy of Abu-Abdallah, Gabir ben Hayan, and the Imam Jafar al Sadiq, the astrology and magic of Ali-ash-Shabramallishi, the esoteric science of Abdarrahman ben Abdallah al Iskari. These studies flourished from the time of the Omayyads.

The fact that secrets are suggested indicates without any doubt that they formed the teachings of secret societies. It doesn't at all suggest the Sabeans, an essentially heterodox society which represented a survival of paganism. One is inclined to believe that Chr. Rosenkreutz had found his secrets amongst the Brethren of Purity, a society of philosophers which had formed in Basra in the first half of the fourth century after the Hejira (622 ) which , without being orthodox , interpreted the dogmas and applied itself seriously to scientific research. Their doctrine which had its source in the study of the ancient Greek philosophers, became more pronounced in a neo-pythagorean direction. They took from the Pythagorean tradition the habit of envisaging things under their numeric aspect.

Their interpretation of dogma remained a secret from society due to its heterodox nature.

For example, on the subject of resurrection, they explained that the word resurrection (qiyamah) is derived from subsistence (qiyam ) and when the soul leaves the body it subsists by its essence , and it is this which resurrection actually consists.

The Brethren of Purity had in each locality a meeting place where non-members were excluded, and where they could discuss their secrets together. They would mutually help each other "like the hand and foot work together for the body."

There were various degrees in the order: masters of crafts, governors or pastors of the brothers, the degree of sultan which represented legislative power, and finally the supreme degree, named the royal degree which conferred a state of vision or revelation like the one attained at death.

The secret part of the teaching was on the subject of theurgy: the divine and angelic names, conjurations, the Kabbalah, exorcisms etc…

The Brethren of Purity differed from the Sufis but they were united in many points of doctrine. They were both mystical orders deriving from Koranic theology. The dogma is supplanted by faith in the Divine Reality.

The Sufis evidently distinguished themselves from Brethren of Purity, and if their doctrines had some points in common with nearly all the Sufi sects, it is necessary to certainly except that which admitted metempsychosis. Following the teachings of the Arab neo-platonic philosophers and Jewish kabbalists who often influenced the mystics, they called for the idea of metempsychosis, in order to represent the chastisement of the impure soul leaving the body.

Their teaching presented enough Christian cross fertilizations that it attracted the attention of the Christian initiate C.Rosenkreutz. Their doctrine of the Logos deriving from the Gospels evidently differed from the Christian idea, but there was among them a syncretism which one discovers in the Rosicrucian rituals. In the ascension of the soul towards God, the Illumination of the Names is given by the Bible, the Illumination of the attributes by the Gospels, and the Illumination of the Essence by the Koran. Jesus and Mohammed had revealed the mysteries of the Invisible. This is well enough the character of this syncretism.

It is to be noted that Brethren of Purity did not wear any special clothing; it is a known fact that the initiators also assured themselves that one person who could succeed them, and that they practiced abstinence, which the author of the Fama translated by an Arab image " they were engaged to virginity " , they healed the sick . I will abstain from citing the names of the great Arabic doctors who are so well known.

The Rosicrucian doctrine of Creation which we have recently published , is found again in its entirety in the philosophy of Ibn Sina. God does not create the world directly but the necessary Being emanates a pure intelligence which is the First Cause. This First Cause knows the Creator as necessary and itself as possible. From this time multiplicity introduces itself into the Order of creation. This intelligence is the active intellect, the illuminator of souls. From sphere to sphere (through the ten spheres) the radiance persues itself towards the pure intelligences as far as the level of matter.

God is understood therefore as the omnipotent and creative First Cause. He cannot have been abstaining from all time and have commenced that which implies in him a change so that the creation is eternal.

The Creator does not directly create matter, but it is through the role of the intermediaries, the angels who identify themselves with the first principles.

It is possible that Chr. Rosenkreutz could have known the teachings of Ibn Sina or Abdu'l-Karim al-Jili, who developed an analogous theory: " The world is co-eternal with God, but in the logical order, the judgement that God exists in Himself is anterior to the judgement that things exist in his knowledge. He knows them as He knows Himself but they are not eternal and He is eternal."

Mohyi-ed-Din taught that the souls are pre-existent to the body, that they are of different degrees of perfection and that they unequally break through the shadows of the body. The act of learning for them, therefore is nothing more than a remembering, a return ascension towards the place from which they had first departed.

Ibn-Arabi who wrote a book on "The Hundred Names of God" used circles to expound his system , which is singularly close to that of "Dignitates Divinae" by Raymond Lully, who is considered as an initiate and precursor to the Rose-Croix.

Rosicrucian theurgy hardly differs from that of the Sufis although the Sufis derive a very rich angelology from the Koran. At the side of the Cherubim is a more elevated angel named al-Nun who symbolizes Divine Knowledge. He is placed in front of the celestial Tablet; under the Throne are placed the angels named al Qalam ( the pens); the angel al-Mudabbir ; the angels named al-Mufassil are placed before the Imamu'l Mubin, (First Intelligence); the Ruh are the objects of Divine Knowledge…… The Sufi mystic when he reaches the degree of perfection is in contact with the angels. If by them he attains the knowledge of the worlds visible and invisible, it is by them also that he exercises a superhuman power over things, over humanity and over events, since the evoked angels here are no longer the simple messengers of God but the thought itself of God, in so far as it emanates from the Divine Essence through the First Created towards the metaphysical reality of things.

It is in this that the High Magic al sihru'l ali resides . In "The Path of Divine Unity", the mystic Jili explains how by the use of a formula the mystic obtains from God that which he desires.

_______________________________________________

Serge Caillet, in a truly fraternal spirit kindly supplied me with
a photocopy of this book , which has been out of print for several years .
It is No 26 in the Martinist Documents series published by Cariscript .
I note that Sar Hieronymus was not officially ordained in an
ecclesaistical activity, but was a disciple of Joseph Peladan who wished to form an alliance with the Rose-Croix Order and the Catholic Church ( I think due to his recognition of the efficacy of its rituals ) . I also think this flows well from our recent mini discussion regarding the Elect Cohens .
Elias Ibrahim

II

FUDOSI SECRET CONVENT 1937
Annex No 5 Secret Doctrine
Source: "Sar Hieronymus et la FUDOSI" by Serge Caillet , Ed Cariscript ,
Paris 1986 pages 34-35

Truly Dear Brothers and Sisters
In his message yesterday, our illustrious instructor and Master,
Sar Hieronymus, drew your attention to the inner work, which must
necessarily be the crown and the obligatory completion of all exoteric
Labour. For all time, the initiates have, by means of a personal work, and
by an ascesis which day by day became more refined, and by means of a
spiritual work of a more and more elevated nature tried and succeeded in
placing themselves in harmony with the supreme Source of all Life, Light
and Knowledge of the Sages. From this is born the "sacerdocy" or privilege
of some elite (or chosen) spirits to "bind that which is in Heaven to that
which is below, in a universal unity." This link, this liaison with the
superior Realities has a double effect,: a personal effect on the officiant,

whose heart and senses it purifies and whose intelligence it supports.
And a social effect, on the mass of humans who receive the benefic force
from on High attracted to them by the officiant. Due to this, a double
necessity is expected of the Initiate:
a) to support oneself and to endure , in spite of the weaknesses of
one's material nature, according to the elevated plan of Divinity .
b) to bind humanity effectively to the Centre of all Good, impossible
to endure without following the mystic channels prepared by the Supreme
Power to this effect .

Meditation and prayer are without doubt excellent methods of linkage with
the superior Realities ; but this isn't enough because in order to obtain
this social usefulness and beneficent action on the world , the officiant
must do something else as well in order to establish a Link , having a
certain duration and immediate effect between Heaven and Earth. This link,
is the holy Liturgy which will provide the secret. At diverse moments in
history, the rites and liturgies , adapted to the mentalities of diverse
forms of civilization, have been practiced by mankind for a social goal ,
and not for the simple egotistical goal of the personal elevation of the
officiant ( as is the case in certain Buddhist asceses ). The Catholic
Church gives us an example of this direct and social link by its open
public ritual practiced by priests who have received the necessary powers
to legitimately practice this operation of High Liturgy which is the
Mass . Occultist have neither the right or power to usefully and
legitimately serve this liturgy or ritual . For them there exists a form
of sacerdocy , entirely beneficent, and rigorously legitimate, which is
called the Natural Sacerdocy , since it has been so little known and
practiced since the most ancient times by all the peoples , often at the
same time being unable to realize its internal richness and its
incomparable usefulness. This Natural Sacerdocy uses for its mystical ends
, the mechanism of Mediators : in this sense it is not solely a fervent
Invocation of the Celestial Power but is more a means of attracting towards
the officiant one or more angelic forms or Mediators, serving as
intermediaries between Man and Heaven and whose beneficial influence makes
itself known immediately. An angelic being is called by the ritual and as
material support for the liturgical operation, the union of salt, bread

( in the form of wheat flour ) , and water , giving a durable and stable
ritual basis . Alas as soon as the operation is terminated a reaction of
the black forces inevitably makes itself manifest. At this moment only the
sacred fire is able to oppose them with a permanent material barrier since
the temple is deserted. The church knows this phenomena of reaction and
orders that a red lamp or sacred fire to be lit before the tabernacle on a
permanent basis. The red lamp or sacred fire repels the forms and larvae
vomited by the black center, which is opposed to the Divine Light . The
Sacerdocy also has to effectively assist the dead , because in all
religions the soul must be supported at these terrible instants where it
detaches from matter and where the devouring larvae , named Masikim in the
High Kabbalah , fling themselves on it in order to vampirise it . For his
special ritual around the dead , the Catholic priest makes a barrier around
the departed, this interesting ceremony taking place after the Mass for the
Dead , when the officiant goes around the coffin two times , in order to
make a double barrier against the larvae, with Holy Water, and then Fire
and Incense . The candles burning around the body have an equally very
efficacious role and one can often notice the crackling sparks from their
flames . Let us all be true officiants and we will all be true initiates .

[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

 

III

"THE FORMATION OF LA FEDERATION UNIVERSELLE FRATERNITIES DES INITIES" ----THE RATIFICATION OF ITS CONSTITUTION---- THE RECORD Paris, 1939

On pages 167-168, Clymer lists the people who were present at this meeting. C. Chevillion, the Supreme Grand Master of Europe.R. Swinburne Clymer, Supreme Grand Mastero of the Americas.Henry Dupont, Secretary of the Supreme Council and Deputy to theSupreme Grand Master.Alfred I. Sharp, S.I. Ordre Martiniste; member Lodge Humanidad, Lyon, to which BenjaminFranklin belonged in Paris, and a member of the Society of Friends,England, the church of which Franklin belonged.Comte Jean de Czarnomski of Warsaw, deputy Grand Master, Poland, Greece,Egypt and Madagascar. On Page 169, C. Chevillon, S.G.M, Ordre Martiniste, stated that "the regular Martiniste Order was orginiated by Martinez de Pasqually and Willermoz, though the Good Nights of the Holy Site, and we will be pleased to establish friendly relations with you. Should our Orders differ in their teachings and doctrines,they follow parallel paths leading to the Great Spiritual Light. This is why we can in all loyalty extend to each other a fraternal hand, without performingany synthesis, and following the way indicated by our particula tradition. I will send you an exequatur which will give you the standing and the prerogativesof a full Honorary Member of the Grand Chapitre Martiniste and the Ordre of the R + C Kabbalistic and Gnostic of France."

the reproduction of the document signed and sealed as shown on Page 171 of "THE BOOK OF ROSICRUCLE,"VOLUMN 111. On page 173, Count Jean de Czarnomski is listed as a Martinist, Rose Cross,Member of World Council. He was, as stated above, Deputy Grand Master of Poland, Greece, Egypt and Madagascar. All of this reported to at the meetingin Paris on Feb. 16, 1939.

IV

To quote from the official bulletin,

"The opening and closing of each session of the congress involved all the officers, legates, or representatives wearing their regalia, robes, or insignia of office, and with various salutations and ritualistic forms of conduct which partook of a series of initiations. Most of the speakers and all of the leaders of the convention were men who held high and important positions in their various countries in institutions of education, courts of law, or the professions. Both men and women were represented". ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1934 FEDERATIO UNIVERSALIS DIRIGENS ORDINES SOCIETATESQUE INITIATIONIS 1951

 

 

END

VERSION 2.1 Milko Bogaard (C) November 14, 2000


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